What Is a Research Paper?

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Olivia Valdes was the Associate Editorial Director for ThoughtCo. She worked with Dotdash Meredith from 2017 to 2021.

robotic arm research paper ieee

  • B.A., American Studies, Yale University

A research paper is a common form of academic writing . Research papers require students and academics to locate information about a topic (that is, to conduct research ), take a stand on that topic, and provide support (or evidence) for that position in an organized report.

The term research paper may also refer to a scholarly article that contains the results of original research or an evaluation of research conducted by others. Most scholarly articles must undergo a process of peer review before they can be accepted for publication in an academic journal.

Define Your Research Question

The first step in writing a research paper is defining your research question . Has your instructor assigned a specific topic? If so, great—you've got this step covered. If not, review the guidelines of the assignment. Your instructor has likely provided several general subjects for your consideration. Your research paper should focus on a specific angle on one of these subjects. Spend some time mulling over your options before deciding which one you'd like to explore more deeply.

Try to choose a research question that interests you. The research process is time-consuming, and you'll be significantly more motivated if you have a genuine desire to learn more about the topic. You should also consider whether you have access to all of the resources necessary to conduct thorough research on your topic, such as primary and secondary sources .

Create a Research Strategy 

Approach the research process systematically by creating a research strategy. First, review your library's website. What resources are available? Where will you find them? Do any resources require a special process to gain access? Start gathering those resources—especially those that may be difficult to access—as soon as possible.

Second, make an appointment with a reference librarian . A reference librarian is nothing short of a research superhero. He or she will listen to your research question, offer suggestions for how to focus your research, and direct you toward valuable sources that directly relate to your topic.

Evaluate Sources

Now that you've gathered a wide array of sources, it's time to evaluate them. First, consider the reliability of the information. Where is the information coming from? What is the origin of the source? Second, assess the  relevance  of the information. How does this information relate to your research question? Does it support, refute, or add context to your position? How does it relate to the other sources you'll be using in your paper? Once you have determined that your sources are both reliable and relevant, you can proceed confidently to the writing phase. 

Why Write Research Papers? 

The research process is one of the most taxing academic tasks you'll be asked to complete. Luckily, the value of writing a research paper goes beyond that A+ you hope to receive. Here are just some of the benefits of research papers. 

The best research papers are the result of genuine interest and a thorough research process. With these ideas in mind, go forth and research. Welcome to the scholarly conversation!

robotic arm research paper ieee

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Robotic Arm


Introduction: Robotic Arm

Robotic Arm

this is my code so what i did was just duplacate a lot of the code 4 times because i used 4 servo motors and i used 2 diffrent joysticks soi just put 2 servos on there own x and y axis

//add theservo library #include

//define our servos Servo Servo1; Servo Servo2; Servo Servo3; Servo Servo4; //define joystick pins (analog)

int joyX = A0; int joyY = A1; int joyX2 = A2; int joyY2 = A3; int switchstate; int pos=0; int joyVal; int joyVal2; int joyVal3; int joyVal4;

void setup() {

Servo1.attach(9); Servo2.attach(8); Servo3.attach(7); Servo4.attach(6);

void loop() {

joyVal = analogRead(joyY); joyVal = map (joyVal,0, 1023, 0, 180); Servo2.write(joyVal);

joyVal2 = analogRead(joyX); joyVal2 = map (joyVal2,0, 1023, 0, 180); Servo1.write(joyVal2);

joyVal3 = analogRead(joyX2); joyVal3 = map (joyVal3,0, 1023, 0, 180); Servo3.write(joyVal3);

joyVal4 = analogRead(joyY2); joyVal4 = map (joyVal4,0, 1023, 0, 180); Servo4.write(joyVal4);

4 servo motors 2 joysticks an Arduino a bread bored 20 wires and any materials to make the robots frame

Step 1: Wiring


the wiring on this project was a pretty big problem i had a LOT of this to connect to the Arduino so I would recommend also picking up some zip ties so you can keep your wiring a little more organized


download {{ file.name }}

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    Research papers require writers to locate information about a topic, take a stand on that topic, and provide support for that position in an organized report. A research paper is a common form of academic writing. Research papers require st...

  3. Robotic Arm

    Robotic Arm: this is my code so what i did was just duplacate a lot of the code 4 times because i used 4 servo motors and i used 2 diffrent joysticks soi just put 2 servos on there own x and y axis //add theservo library#include //define ou...

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