256 Research Topics on Criminal Justice & Criminology

Are you a law school student studying criminal behavior or forensic science? Or maybe just looking for good criminal justice topics, questions, and hypotheses? Look no further! Custom-writing.org experts offer a load of criminology research topics and titles for every occasion. Criminological theories, types of crime, the role of media in criminology, and more. Our topics will help you prepare for a college-level assignment, debate, or essay writing.

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  • ⚖️ Criminology vs. Criminal Justice
  • 🔬 120 Criminology Research Topics
  • 💂 116 Criminal Justice Research Topics

🔦 What Is Criminology?

👮 what is criminal justice, 🔍 references, ⚖️ criminology vs. criminal justice: topics & fields of study.

Criminology. Criminal justice. The terms are often confused even by the people within the field. Nevertheless, criminal justice and criminology are two different spheres. Therefore, these terms are not interchangeable.

Criminology and criminal justice are indeed related. Say, you are pursuing career opportunities in either of the fields. Then, you need to be able to answer the question: what’s the difference between criminology and criminal justice?

Сriminology studies the anatomy of a crime.

To put it simply, criminology studies the anatomy of a crime. More specifically, it explores the causes, costs, and consequences of it. Criminal justice is different from criminology in the sphere it covers. It is the system established for dealing with crimes: the ways of detection, detention, prosecution, and punishment. In short, think of criminal justice as a part of law enforcement.

This chapter just touched on the differences between criminal justice and criminology. If you wish to learn more about the topic, go to chapters IV, and V. Now is the time to move on to criminology research topics!

🔥 Hot Criminology Research Topics

🔬 120 Criminology Research Topics & Ideas

Here are 100 criminology research topics ideas organized by themes.

General Criminology Research Paper Topics

Criminal Psychology Research Topics

Criminology Research Topics: Theories

Crime and Victimization in Criminology.

Criminology Topics on Victimization

Criminology Research and Measurement Topics

Criminology Topics on Types of Crime

Types of crime.

Criminology Topics on Racism and Discrimination

Other Criminology Research Topics

🌶️ Hot Criminal Justice Topics

💂 116 Criminal Justice Research Topics & Questions

Here are some of the most typical and interesting criminal justice issues to dazzle your professor.

Criminal justice system.

Controversial Topics in Criminal Justice

Want your work to be unconventional? Consider choosing one of the controversial topics. You will need to present a number of opposite points of view. Of course, it’s acceptable to choose and promote an opinion that you think stands the best. Just make sure to provide a thorough analysis of all of the viewpoints.

You can also stay impartial and let the reader make up their own mind on the subject. If you decide to support one of the viewpoints, your decision should be objective. Back it up with plenty of evidence, too. Here are some examples of controversial topics that you can explore.

Now that you have looked through the full list of topics, choose wisely. Remember that sometimes it’s best to avoid sensitive topics. Other times, a clever choice of a topic will win you extra points. It doesn’t depend on just the tastes of your professor, of course. You should also take into account how much relevant information there is on the subject. Anyway, the choice of the topic of your research is up to you. Try to find the latest materials and conduct an in-depth analysis of them. Don’t forget to draw a satisfactory conclusion. Writing may take a lot of your time and energy, so plan ahead. Remember to stay hydrated and good luck!

Now, after we looked through the topic collections on criminology and criminal justice, it is time to turn to the specifics in each of the fields. First, let’s talk more extensively about criminology. If you are training to be a criminologist, you will study some things more deeply. They include the behavior patterns of criminals, their backgrounds, and the latest sociological trends in crime.

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In the field of criminology, the specialties are numerous. That’s why it’s difficult to pinpoint one career that represents a typical member of the profession. It all depends on the background of a criminologist, their education, and experience.

Careers possible with a criminology major.

A criminologist may have a number of responsibilities at their position. For example, they might be called forth to investigate a crime scene. Participation in autopsies is unpleasant yet necessary. Interrogation of suspects and subsequent criminal profiling is another essential duty.

Some professionals work solely in research. Others consult government agencies or private security companies. Courts and law firms also cooperate with criminologists. Their job is to provide expert opinion in criminal proceedings. Some of them work in the prison systems in order to oversee the rehabilitation of the convicted.

Regardless of the career specialty , most criminologists are working on profiling and data collection. A criminologist is another word for an analyst. They collect, study, and analyze data on crimes. After conducting the analysis, they provide recommendations and actionable information.

A criminologist seeks to find out the identity of the person who committed the crime. The time point of a crime is also important, as well as the reason for it. There are several areas covered by the analysis of a criminologist. The psychological behavior of the criminal or criminals is closely studied. The socio-economic indicators are taken into account. There are also, of course, the environmental factors that may have facilitated the crime.

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Some high-profile cases require a criminologist to correspond with media and PR managers extensively. Sometimes criminologists write articles and even books about their findings. However, it should be noted that the daily routine of a professional in the field is not so glamorous. Most criminologists do their work alone, without the attention of the public.

The research a criminologist accumulates during their work is extensive. It doesn’t just sit there in a folder on their desk, of course. The collected statistics are used for developing active criminal profiles that are shared with law enforcement agencies. It helps to understand criminal behavior better and to predict it. That’s why a criminologist’s work must be precise and accurate for it to be practical and useful. Also, criminology professionals must have a good grasp of math and statistics.

Thinking of a career in criminology? You will need to, at the very least, graduate from college. There, you’ll master mathematics, statistics, and, of course, criminology. An associate’s degree may get you an entry-level position. But the minimum entry-level requirement is usually the bachelor’s degree. The best positions, though, are left for the professionals with a master’s degree or a PhD.

Just having a degree is not enough. To succeed as a criminologist, you will require all your intelligence, commitment, and the skill of analyzing intricate situations. An aspiration to better the society will go a long way. You will need to exercise your creative, written, and verbal communication skills, too. An analytical mind will land you at an advantage.

Criminology: Research Areas

Times change and the world of crime never ceases to adapt. The nature of criminal transgression is evolving, and so do the ways of prosecution. Criminal detection, investigation, and prevention are constantly advancing. Criminology studies aim to improve the practices implemented in the field.

There are six unified, coordinated, and interrelated areas of expertise. Within each, the professionals are busy turning their mastery into knowledge and action.

Criminology research areas.

The first research area is the newest worry of criminology – cybercrime. The impact of this type of crime is escalating with every passing day. That’s why it’s crucial for the law enforcement professionals to keep up to date with the evolving technology. Cybercrime research is exploring the growing threat of its subject at all levels of society. Cybercrime may impact people on both personal and governmental levels. Cybercrime research investigates the motivation and methodology behind the offenses and finds new ways to react.

The second research area is counter fraud. Crimes that fall under this category include fraud and corruption. The questions that counter fraud research deals with are many. How widely a crime is spread, what method is best to fight it, and the optimal courses of action to protect people and organizations.

The third research area is that of forensics. The contemporary face of justice has been changed by forensic science beyond recognition. Nowadays, it’s much harder for criminals to conceal their activity due to evolved technologies. The research in forensics is utilizing science in the identification of the crime and in its reconstruction. It employs such techniques as DNA recovery, fingerprinting, and forensic interviewing.

What is forensic interviewing? It helps find new ways to gather quality information from witnesses and crime scenes. It also works on developing protocols that ensure the protection of this human data and its correct interpretation by police.

The fourth research area is policing. Police service is facing a lot of pressing issues nowadays due to budget cuts. At the same time, police officers still need to learn, and there are also individual factors that may influence their work.

The fifth research area is penology. It’s tasked with exploring the role of punishment in the criminal justice system. Does punishment aid the rehabilitation of perpetrators, and to what extent? The answer will help link theory to practice and thus shape how criminal justice practitioners work.

The sixth research area is that of missing persons. Before a person goes missing, they may display a certain pattern of behavior. The study of missing persons helps to identify it. The results will determine the handling of such cases.

Now that we know what criminology is, it’s time to talk about criminal justice.

While criminology focuses on the analysis of crime, criminal justice concentrates on societal systems. Its primary concern is with the criminal behavior of the perpetrators. For example, in the USA, there are three branches of the criminal justice system. They are police (aka law enforcement), courts, and corrections. These branches all work together to punish and prevent unlawful behavior. If you take up a career in criminal justice, expect to work in one of these fields.

The most well-known branch of criminal justice is law enforcement. The police force is at the forefront of defense against crime and misdemeanor. They stand against the criminal element in many ways. For instance, they patrol the streets, investigate crimes, and detain suspects. It’s not just the police officers who take these responsibilities upon themselves. There are also US Marshals, ICE, FBI Agents, DEA, and border patrol. Only after the arrest has been made, the perpetrator enters the court system.

The court system is less visible to the public, but still crucial to the criminal justice system. Its main purpose is to determine the suspect’s innocence or guilt. You can work as an attorney, lawyer, bailiff, judge, or another professional of the field. In the court, if you are a suspect, you are innocent until proven guilty. You are also entitled to a fair trial. However, if they do find you guilty, you will receive a sentence. Your punishment will be the job of the corrections system.

The courts determine the nature of the punishment, and the corrections system enforces it. There are three elements of the corrections system: incarceration, probation, and parole. They either punish or rehabilitate the convicts. Want to uptake a career in corrections? You may work as, including, but not limited to: a parole officer, a prison warden, a probation officer, and a guard.

📈 Criminal Justice: Research Areas

The research areas in criminal justice are similar, if not identical, to those of criminology. After all, those are two very closely related fields. The one difference is that criminal justice research has more practical than theoretical applications. But it’s fair to say that theory is the building blocks that practice bases itself on. One is impossible without the other unless the result you want is complete chaos.

So, the question is – what topic to choose for the research paper? Remember that the world of criminal justice is constantly changing. Choosing a subject for research in criminal justice, consider a relevant topic. There are many pressing issues in the field. Exploring them will undoubtedly win you points from your professor. Just make sure to choose a direction that will give you the opportunity to show off both your knowledge and your analytical skills.

Not sure that your original research direction will be appreciated? Then choose one of the standard topics. Something that is widely discussed in the media. And, of course, make sure that you are truly interested in the subject. Otherwise, your disinterest will translate into your writing, which may negatively affect the overall impression. Also, it’s just more enjoyable to work on something that resonates with you.

What can you do with your research paper? Literally anything. Explore the background of the issue. Make predictions. Compare the different takes on the matter. Maybe there are some fresh new discoveries that have been made recently. What does science say about that?

Also, remember to backup all your arguments with quotes and examples from real life. The Internet is the best library and research ground a student could hope for. The main idea of the paper, aka the thesis, must be proven by enough factual material. Otherwise, it’s best to change your research direction.

And, of course, don’t put it all off till the last minute. Make a plan and stick to it. Consistency and clever distribution of effort will take you a long way. Good luck!

🤔 Criminal Justice Research FAQs

Criminological and criminal justice research are the scientific studies of the causes and consequences, extent and control, nature, management, and prevention of criminal behavior, both on the social and individual levels.

Criminal justice and criminology are sciences that analyze the occurrence and explore the ways of prevention of illegal acts. Any conducted personal research and investigation should be supported by the implemented analytical methods from academic works that describe the given subject.

There are six interrelated areas of criminology research:

There are seven research methods in criminology:

The basis of criminological theory is criminological research. It influences the development of social policies and defines criminal justice practice.

Criminological research doesn’t just enable law students to develop analytical and presentational skills. The works of criminal justice professionals, scholars, and government policymakers dictate the way law enforcement operates. The newest ideas born out of research identify corrections and crime prevention, too.

Here is a step-by-step instruction on how to write a criminal justice research paper:

The most common types of methodologies in criminal justice research include:

Learn more on this topic:

The schools of criminology seems like such a fascinating field — it’s definitely not for the lighthearted though! Here in the Philippines, criminology as a course is highly underrated; hopefully that’ll change!

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criminology , scientific study of the nonlegal aspects of crime and delinquency , including its causes, correction, and prevention, from the viewpoints of such diverse disciplines as anthropology , biology, psychology and psychiatry , economics , sociology , and statistics.

Viewed from a legal perspective, the term crime refers to individual criminal actions (e.g., a burglary ) and the societal response to those actions (e.g., a sentence of three years in prison ). By comparison, the field of criminology incorporates and examines broader knowledge about crime and criminals. For example, criminologists have attempted to understand why some people are more or less likely to engage in criminal or delinquent behaviour. Criminologists have also examined and attempted to explain differences in crime rates and the criminal code between societies and changes in rates and laws over time.

Many criminologists consider themselves to be neutral public policy experts, gathering facts for various governmental officials responsible for drawing policy conclusions. However, some criminologists—like their counterparts in such fields as the atomic and nuclear sciences—maintain that scientists must shoulder responsibility for the moral and political consequences of their research. Thus, some criminologists have actively campaigned against capital punishment and have advocated in favour of various legal reforms. Criminologists who oppose this activist role contend that the findings of criminological research must be weighed along with political, social, religious, and moral arguments, a task best left to political bodies. Not denying the right of criminologists to express their opinions as ordinary citizens and voters, this view nonetheless maintains that a government by popular will is less dangerous than a government by experts.

Learn how a genetic fingerprint is made using agarose gel, Southern blotting, and a radioactive DNA probe

In the last decades of the 20th century, criminology grew to encompass a number of specialized study areas. One of these was criminalistics, or scientific crime detection, which involves such measures as photography, toxicology , fingerprint study, and DNA evidence ( see also DNA fingerprinting ). It had previously been excluded from criminology because of its focus on particular criminal actions rather than on the broader knowledge about crime and criminals. Criminology further expanded its reach by devoting significant attention to victimology , or the study of the victims of crime, the relationships between victims and criminals, and the role of victims in the criminal events themselves. Criminal justice has also emerged as a separate but closely related academic field, focusing on the structure and functioning of criminal justice agencies—including the police , courts , corrections, and juvenile agencies—rather than on explanations of crime. ( See juvenile justice .)

The relationship of criminology to various other disciplines has resulted in considerable diversity in its academic placement within universities. Universities in Europe have tended to treat criminology as part of legal education , even in circumstances where its principal teachers were not lawyers. In the United Kingdom, for example, the Institute of Criminology is part of the law faculty of the University of Cambridge; in other schools criminological research and teaching have usually been divided between departments of sociology or social administration, law faculties, and institutes of psychiatry. In South America the anthropological and medical elements predominate, and in the United States , though there has been a trend toward housing criminology and criminal justice in separate multidisciplinary departments, criminology has most often been situated in departments of sociology.

John Howard

Criminology developed in the late 18th century, when various movements, imbued with humanitarianism , questioned the cruelty, arbitrariness, and inefficiency of the criminal justice and prison systems. During this period reformers such as Cesare Beccaria in Italy and Sir Samuel Romilly , John Howard , and Jeremy Bentham in England, all representing the so-called classical school of criminology, sought penological and legal reform rather than criminological knowledge. Their principal aims were to mitigate legal penalties, to compel judges to observe the principle of nulla poena sine lege (Latin: “ due process of law”), to reduce the application of capital punishment, and to humanize penal institutions. They were moderately successful, but, in their desire to make criminal justice more “just,” they tried to construct rather abstract and artificial equations between crimes and penalties, ignoring the personal characteristics and needs of the individual criminal defendant. Moreover, the object of punishment was primarily retribution and secondarily deterrence , with reformation lagging far behind.

In the early 19th century the first annual national crime statistics were published in France. Adolphe Quetelet (1796–1874), a Belgian mathematician, statistician, and sociologist who was among the first to analyze these statistics, found considerable regularity in them (e.g., in the number of people accused of crimes each year, the number convicted, the ratio of men to women, and the distribution of offenders by age). From these patterns he concluded that “there must be an order to those things which…are reproduced with astonishing constancy, and always in the same way.” Later, Quetelet argued that criminal behaviour was the result of society’s structure, maintaining that society “prepares the crime, and the guilty are only the instruments by which it is executed.”

Whereas Quetelet focused on the characteristics of societies and attempted to explain their resulting crime rates, the Italian medical doctor Cesare Lombroso (1836–1909) studied individual criminals in order to determine why they committed crimes. Some of his investigations led him to conclude that people with certain cranial, skeletal, and neurological malformations were “born criminal” because they were biological throwbacks to an earlier evolutionary stage. Highly controversial at the time he presented it, his theory was ultimately rejected by social scientists. Lombroso also contended that there were multiple causes of crime and that most offenders were not born criminal but instead were shaped by their environment . The research of both Quetelet and Lombroso emphasized the search for the causes of crime—a focus that criminology has retained.


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Science Projects > Chemistry Projects > Forensic Science Experiments  

Forensic Science Experiments

Learn about crime scene investigation with three hands-on activities.

First, look for clues at your own “crime scene.”

Second, uncover fingerprints with dusting and cyanoacrylate fuming.

And third, discover the colors of ink through chromatography.

Study a Crime Scene of Your Own

See how many clues you can identify in your own crime scene.

Choose a room (e.g., kitchen, living room, bedroom) or part of a room and go over it carefully, finding any trace evidence such as hair, clothing fibers, and chips of paint.

You can collect these with a pair of tweezers and place them in envelopes or ziplock bags to identify later.

Are there any prints or scuff marks on the floor from shoes? Bits of soil or rock that might have been tracked in? To be thorough, record all of these clues and make sketches in an investigation notebook.

If you have a microscope , compare different kinds of hair at high power magnification. (You can also use a 10x or stronger magnifying glass.)

Examine different cloth fibers, too – try cotton, wool, and rayon or acetate.

Make a wet mount of the hair or fibers by putting a drop of water on a microscope slide , adding the specimen, and pressing a cover slip down on top.

What does each specimen look like? Is it smooth or rough? How do the ends look? Compare miscellaneous hair and fibers you pick up from the carpet or couch. Can you tell what kinds of fibers they are? Where did they likely come from?

Check out any dental evidence in your crime scene. Then, if you have some willing suspects, make impressions of their bites and compare the impressions to the evidence you found. A simple way to make impressions is to carefully bite down into an apple or other soft food, but you can also bite into a folded sheet of white paper with a piece of carbon paper inside. Be sure to get both back and front teeth in the bite impression.

Prints All Over the Place

Collecting fingerprints is not that hard to do at home, and we don’t mean with the ink and stamp method!

Some fingerprints are visible – you can see marks left on a surface by dirty or oily fingers. Dusting is usually used for this type. Other prints are latent – you can’t see them, but there are marks left by sweat and other organic residue from fingers. Fuming is often used for these.

If you have a magnifying glass, inspect your fingers.

The unique patterns on your fingertips are caused by ridges in the dermis, the bottom layer of your skin.

These patterns are fully developed in human beings just seven months after conception, while the fetus is still in the womb.

The three typical patterns are loops , whorls , and arches .

(Look at examples of different fingerprint patterns .)

Your fingerprints are different than anyone else’s, but did you know that fingerprint patterns tend to run in the family? If your fingerprints are a whorled pattern, one of your parents probably has a whorled pattern, too. It’s just not exactly like yours!

To dust for fingerprints, sprinkle talcum powder or cornstarch on dark surfaces and cocoa powder on light surfaces (like the outside of a drinking glass) where there are visible prints.

You can use a small paint or makeup brush with very soft bristles to gently swipe off the excess powder and leave the print.

Use clear tape, sticky side down, to lift the print and then stick it to an opposite-colored paper. What kinds of patterns do you see?

Another method for collecting fingerprints is called fuming .

Certain chemical fumes react with the sweat and other organic residue left in latent fingerprints. You can experiment with this yourself: all you need is an aluminum pie plate or square of aluminum foil folded in fourths, a glass jar, superglue, and a smooth object like a pen or a marker lid.

(Take care with the superglue, and make sure you have an adult’s permission!)

Wipe down the object, then hold it for a minute so that your fingers leave latent prints. Set the object inside the jar.

Next, put several drops of superglue on the middle of the pie plate and turn the jar upside down over it. The strong chemical fumes from the cyanoacrylate in the glue will react with the residue from your fingers.

You should see white fingerprint images on the object after a half hour or so. Professionals also use ninhydrin (which reacts with amino acids in latent prints) and silver nitrate powder developed under a UV light.

Fingerprint everyone in your house.

What patterns are most common? Based on your latent and visible fingerprint collection, which surfaces ‘reveal’ prints best?

(To make these fingerprint records, it will be easiest to use ink or marker rubbed onto the fingertips and then stamped onto a white paper or card.)

Who Wrote It?

Chromatography is used to identify different inks.

Say someone committed a crime by changing the dollar amount on a check. Using chromatography, an investigator could tell whether more than one ink pen was used to write on the check and whether the suspect’s ink pen could have been used.

How does it work? Well, ink is not really made up of one color: there are actually different pigments making up one ink. In chromatography, the ink is soaked in a solution so that the different pigments will ‘bleed’ apart and the true colors be revealed.

(As you might guess, there is a drawback: the evidence is destroyed in the process.)

You can see how chromatography works by doing this experiment.

Fill a tall glass half way with water. Cut 3-4 strips of filter paper or of a heavy paper towel and attach the ends to a stiff piece of wire or a stick that can rest over the top of the glass.

Next, make a large dot of ink about 1/2 an inch from the bottom of the strips, using a different brand of black marker, felt-tip pen, or ink pen for each strip. Set the strips in the glass so that the ends touch the water but the ink dots are above the water level.

As the water soaks up into the paper, the ink will begin to separate into different colors.

(Note: Did you know that plants “drink” water in a similar manner?)

Note that some inks are not water-soluble; if the ink does not bleed, try using either nail polish remover or rubbing alcohol (stronger solvents that can dissolve the bonds in the ink) instead of water.

You can also look at ‘suspect’ paper itself – are there watermarks or imprints from writing on top?

Professionals also study handwriting and can analyze a sample of disguised writing to see if it has characteristics that match a suspect’s normal writing.

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100 Amazing Criminal Justice Research Topics 2022

criminal justice research topics

To score the top grades, students must choose the right criminal justice research topics for their papers and essays. Writing assignments in this academic field deal with justice and crime. However, the study field of a learner can be limited to specific academic barriers and choices. Criminal justice is a science. Nevertheless, criminal justice is generally a science that focuses on the study, analysis of the occurrence, and prevention of illegal acts.

But, what are some criminal justice topics that learners can consider? Well, students can select criminal justice topics for their papers by focusing on definite issues.

Criminal justice topics are limited and flexible because they offer hypotheses. However, criminal justice paper topics should be based on case studies or legislative acts. Additionally, students should be confident in terms of their ability to research and write about their chosen topics.

So, are still asking, what are some good criminal justice research topics? If yes, here are some of the great criminal justice research paper topics to consider.

Basic Criminal Justice Research Topics

Perhaps, your educator asked you to write an original paper. In that case, consider standard or basic research topics in criminal justice. Here are examples of such topics.

If you wish to write a simple paper, consider some ideas from this list of basic criminal justice topics. Nevertheless, make sure that you’re comfortable researching and writing about the topic that you choose.

Controversial Topics in Criminal Justice

Maybe you want to write a paper on a controversial topic. In that case, consider any of these criminal justice controversial topics.

This category has some of the best argumentative topics. That’s because somebody can argue from different angles when discussing some of these topics. Nevertheless, extensive research is required to compose solid papers on these topics.

Criminal Justice Debate Topics

Maybe you want to write about a debate topic. This category has some of the best topics to talk about in criminal justice. That’s because they mostly involve current issues that concern most people. Some of them are about problems whose solutions have not been found yet. Here are examples of topics in this category.

Criminal Justice Research Proposal Topics

What are some good research topics for criminal justice that will get you the necessary funding? You’re likely to ask this question when writing a proposal for your research. Here are some of the best research proposal topics to consider in criminal justice.

Juvenile Justice Paper Topics

Perhaps, you need juvenile topics in criminal justice for your academic papers. In that case, consider criminal justice paper topics, prepared by our writing professionals.

International Topics Dealing with Criminal Justice

Several criminal justice issue topics can be addressed at an international level. Here are examples of such topics.

Criminal Justice Thesis Topics

A thesis topic should be interesting and relevant. If struggling to come up with a topic for your thesis, consider these samples for inspiration.

In addition to these ideas, you can choose criminal justice reform topics or criminal justice ethic topics. Nevertheless, choose only topics you find interesting and comfortable working on.

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List of Criminology Project Topics and Materials PDF Download

List of Criminology Project Topics and Research Thesis Materials PDF and DOC File Download for Final Year Undergraduate and Postgraduate Students in the University and Polytechnic.

Approved Read-Made Criminology Research Topics with Seminar Works for the Degree of National Diploma (ND), Higher National Diploma (HND), (BSC) Bachelor of Sciences, (MSC) Master of Science, and Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy).

Criminology Thesis and Dissertation Topics, Proposal Topics, Presentations, Journals, Seminar Topics, Research Papers, and Project Reports can also be gotten from this page.

All Project Materials for the Criminology Department Listed on this Research Page have their Complete work Written from Chapters 1 to 5 which are: Title Page and the Case Study, Table Of Contents, Abstract, the Background of the Study, Statement of the Problem, Research Questions, Objectives of the Study, Research Hypothesis, Signification of the Study, the Scope of the Study, the Definition Of Terms, Organization of the Study, Literature Review (Theoretical Framework or Conceptual Framework), Research Methodology, Sources of Data Collection, the Population of the Study, Sampling and Sampling Distribution, Validation of Research Instrument, Method of Data Analysis, Data Analysis, Introduction, Summary, Conclusion, Recommendation, References/Bibliography/Citations and Questionnaire (Appendix).

The Topics below are for Nigerian Students, Ghanaian Students, and International Students. Countries like (Kenya, Liberia, Cameroon, United States, Uk, Canada, Germany, South Africa, Zambia, India e.t.c).

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The Study of Youth Crime in Nasarawa

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Public Perception On The Implications Of Cyber Crime On Socioeconomic Development Of Bayelsa State

An appraisal of holding charge syndrome and its effects in the administration of criminal justice system vis a vis policing in nigeria, the effect of corruption on the nigerian economy. a study of criminology, police brutality and democratic governance: a case study of lagos state (2015-2020), cross border crimes and socio-economic development of ecowas states, the impact of infectious epidemic on prison inmate person a case study of coronavirus disease.

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Role Of Airport Administration In Fight Against Terrorism In Nigeria

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155 best forensic science research topics for your paper.

Forensic Science Research Topics

Forensic science or criminalistics applies scientific methodology and principles to solving crime and aid criminal justice procedures and laws. This area of study covers many fields ranging from computer forensics to doctoral research and forensic psychology.

For students specializing in forensic science studies, it is common to have to write an essay, research paper, or dissertation on the subject’s topics. The tricky part here is to select the perfect topic from a wide array of forensic science topics for a research paper. You could work on something that focuses on a neglected area of study in the field or go in for a controversial topic. You can also pick a common topic and throw new light on it, or simply choose a topic highlighting societal trends.

Whatever you choose to work on, it is essential to clearly state your research question/topic, offer defensible logic, have a well-elaborated body and a concise conclusion to score well.

Here is a list of some of the most interesting research topics in forensic science, which will allow you to write a good essay and score well. Take a look:

Forensic Science Research Paper Topics

These are some common but good forensic science topics that are sure to get you great reviews:

Forensic Science Research Topics For High School

These are excellent topics for high school students, which are easy to work on and create impressive essays related to forensic science:

Interesting topics To Research That Have to Do With Forensic Science

These research topics related to forensic science will help you create an exciting write-up that will draw attention to your knowledge in the subject:

Controversial Topics In Forensic Science

This is a collection of research paper topics for forensic science that is sure to spark a debate when discussed in class:

Forensic Science Topics For Presentation

Suppose you want to make a presentation on any aspect of forensic science. In that case, you can consider the topics given below as they provide sufficient scope and information:

Forensic Science Thesis Topics

Use any of the topics given below to write an impressive thesis that showcases in-depth knowledge. These topics provide ample scope to delve deeper into the subject and write after thorough research.

Current Topics in Forensic Science

These topics stem from the latest developments in forensic sciences and highlight the current environment in this field of study. Take a look:

If you are looking to submit an impressive dissertation or essay on a topic on forensic science and are still confused about how to proceed, get in touch with us. We can help you find impressive topics for your dissertation and help with forensic science research proposal topics. We have a strong team of expert writers and provide an array of high-quality, professional writing services for college and high school students.

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Traditional criminology is a field that “seeks to improve understanding of the psychological and social forces that cause people to become criminals in the hope of finding ways to change these causes.”

From: Food Fraud , 2021

Related terms:

Chester L. Britt , in Encyclopedia of Social Measurement , 2005


Criminology is a wide-ranging interdisciplinary field that encompasses the study of crime and the criminal justice system. Criminological research focuses on issues related to the causes and consequences of crime, delinquency, and victimization, as well as the operation of the criminal justice system, with an emphasis on police, courts, and corrections. Because of the wide range of topics studied within criminology, researchers have required a variety of different methods to address various topics. At the outset, it is important to establish that there is no single, best method for studying crime and the criminal justice system in all its various dimensions. Rather, as the discussion herein explains, the type of method used should be the one best suited to answer the research question.

The primary focus of this article is to illustrate examples of methods used to study crime and the criminal justice system. The article is organized so that the methods used to measure crime, delinquency, victimization, and the operation of the criminal justice system are discussed first. Since the assessment of a particular program or policy is often contingent on the measurement of criminal behavior or some dimension to the operation of the criminal justice system, the discussion of the methods used to assess the impact of programs, policies, and legal changes builds on the description of the methods used to measure crime and criminal justice activity. Finally, the discussion turns to more qualitative and mixed methods of studying crime and criminal justice.

Criminology and Evolutionary Theory

Russil Durrant , Tony Ward , in Evolutionary Criminology , 2015

Criminology has been a recognized field of scholarly inquiry for more than a century. Even so, our understanding of crime and its causes could be enhanced by consideration of the more distal causes of criminal behavior, an analysis that remains largely unrealized to date. One approach that has been almost completely ignored is the evolutionary approach to criminology and the understanding of criminal behavior. In this chapter, we argue for greater inclusion of evolutionary theory in the interdisciplinary approach that has come to characterize criminology. In recognizing that mainstream criminology has largely neglected evolutionary explanations for criminal behavior, we consider several possible reasons for this neglect, and suggest ways for integrating evolutionary approaches within criminology. In the remainder of the book, we elaborate on and illustrate how this can be accomplished.

Criminology: Psychopathological Aspects

J.E. Arboleda-Flórez , in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences , 2001

2.1 Definitions

Criminology is the scientific study of crime and criminals and their motivations for criminal behavior. Psychopathology is the study of personality factors that are somewhat out of regular conscious awareness and that lead to behavior outside the norm in a particular social group. It studies abnormal emotional or personality phenomena that underline symptoms or behavior. Psychopathology provides criminology with methods to analyze elements of a criminal act within the personality structure and aims to find out the motivations for the crime. The interest is centered on the individual, or criminal, as somebody who is different from the rest because of personal or social deficiencies that have led him or her to commit a criminal act. Act and actor are the focus of study and intervention. In this type of criminology of difference the crime is a fact, and the criminal is singled out as an object of study.

From a wider perspective, any criminological study would ideally include the context in which the criminal behavior has taken place. This interpretation involves the criminal as wrongdoer, sometimes even as victim, the identified victim, the determinant elements of the social circumstances in which the crime has been committed, and the deciding role of the law. In this criminology of process, the crime is the result of a conflict and the criminal is the subject, or actor, caught in a web of social circumstances and legal definitions that are required to identify the act as criminal. No act could be defined as a crime without the social and legal identification that places the actor within a conflict with the group that, eventually, qualifies the act as infraction deserving of sanctions (Debuyst 1997 ).

Experiments, Criminology

David Weisburd , Anthony Petrosino , in Encyclopedia of Social Measurement , 2005

In criminology , experiments involving programs, policies, or practices are an important research design because, when implemented with full integrity, they provide the most convincing evidence about the impact of an intervention. Compared to other research designs, experiments provide more confidence that all possible alternative explanations for any observed findings—except the impact of the intervention—have been ruled out. Nonetheless, the application of experimental methods in crime and justice has met with significant controversy, and experimental designs are much less commonly used in evaluation research in criminology than are nonexperimental designs.

Graham H. Pyke , David W. Stephens , in Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior (Second Edition) , 2019

Criminology has also benefitted from the application of OFT in terms of understanding the behaviour of criminals and the targeting of associated policing activities. The work of Pires and Clarke (2011) provides an elegant example of forensic foraging theory. Using the properties of illegally captured and sold Bolivian parrots, such as their ease of capture and distance from markets, Pires and Clarke draw inferences about the attributes of the illegal foragers (poachers!) Similarly, Johnson and Bowers (2004) show how ideas from OFT can be used to identify ‘hot-spots’ of criminal activity, which can, in turn, be used to allocate the resources of the police.

Crime and Age

E.E. Flynn , in Encyclopedia of Gerontology (Second Edition) , 2007

Criminology is the scientific study of crime and delinquency as social phenomena. This relatively young field of study has three principal divisions: (1) the sociology of law, which examines how laws are made and enforced; (2) criminal etiology, which studies the causes of crime; and (3) penology, which addresses society's response to crime and includes the study of the criminal justice system. Criminologists are social scientists who utilize the research methods of modern science to develop a body of general, verifiable principles regarding law, deviance, and crime. Criminological analysis looks upon crime and deviance not as isolated events but as highly complex forms of social behavior. To fully understand the meaning of deviance and crime, the discipline goes beyond the legal definitions of crime and examines the total social context within which deviance and lawlessness arise. In the process of studying the causes of crime, a vast body of research has identified age, gender, ethnicity, social class, family status, and community environments as major social correlates of crime.

This article explores in depth the relationship between age and crime and summarizes current information on this subject. The second section examines in some detail the age–crime curve as it emerges from national crime statistics collected by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The third section discusses key statistical properties of the age–crime curve. The fourth section probes the significance of the age–crime curve and reviews the ongoing debate in criminology on the true relation between age and crime. The fifth section explores age as a critical social correlate of crime, along with other key variables. The sixth section considers age as a critical variable in the formation and termination of criminal careers. It also explores current criminal justice system responses to chronic offenders and questions the efficacy of these responses in terms of their potential for crime control and crime reduction. The seventh section investigates the effects of society's age structure on America's crime rate and tracks the expansion of the nation's juvenile population into the twenty-first century. The article concludes by assessing the implications of demographic changes on crime control and criminal justice policies.

Food fraud criminology

John W. Spink , in Food Fraud , 2021

5.9 Conclusion

The role of criminology in food fraud prevention is to help understand the root cause, which is the motivation of the human adversary, and then to provide a methodologically sound approach to crime prevention. When considering the data-collection needs, the followings are essential:

Address the entire scope of the crime: address all types of food fraud, not just adulterant substances.

Assess the problem with a focus on vulnerabilities: conduct an FFVA for all types of fraud and start with a very high-level and simple assessment before confirming there is a compliance or management decision-making–related need for more detail.

Review all research disciplines that help provide insight or guidance on the countermeasures: consider other enterprise-wide financial or securities assessments that are a nonfood compliance or certification requirement.

Follow a structured approach to plan-do-check-act: This includes the SARA methodology and to conduct a first FFVA and create a food fraud prevention strategy.

Consider future needs that will be specified by the needs of the resource-allocation decision-makers.

Food fraud prevention can be more readily addressed once the definition and scope are clearly defined. Also, it is most efficient to apply a wide range of academic disciplines that have been adopted and adapted to the overall focus of preventing the act. Criminology is the key discipline to help understand the root cause of the problem and to evaluate which countermeasures and control system will most efficiently and effectively achieve the maximum prevention impact. The goal is not to catch food fraud but to prevent it from occurring in the first place.

Crime, Geography of

D. Herbert , in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences , 2001

2 Information Bases

The geography of crime shares with criminology the problematic nature of the available data. Official crime statistics are suspect because the police record a relatively small minority of offences that actually occur and apprehend an even smaller number of criminals. Approximately 80 percent of offences that occur never enter police records. This ‘dark area’ varies by type of offence. It is very high for offences such as shoplifting or vandalism and low for car theft or homicide and arises from the unwillingness of the public, as victims or observers, to report crime to the police. Reasons for under-reporting range from embarrassment to fear of reprisal to apathy. Police themselves actually observe few criminal events and therefore rely on the public, broadly defined, to notify them when offences occur. Even the remaining 20 percent is further diminished by offences not proceeded with. This under-recording of crime may mean that official data contains biases and deficiencies. Does it over-record offences by disadvantaged youths? Does it under-record white-collar crime? Official crime statistics may reveal more about those who define criminality and administer the criminal justice system than about the actual incidence and seriousness of crime.

The official ‘antidote’ to these concerns about criminal statistics has been the introduction of national crime surveys. Dating in the main from the 1980s, these build upon an older ad hoc tradition of self-report studies and take the form of sample surveys of victimization experience and related attitudes towards crime, justice, law, and order. National crime surveys have confirmed under-recording and have qualified statements on rising crime rates, which may reflect differential recording practice rather than actual changes in crime. They have also augmented our knowledge of topics such as fear of crime. Whereas national crime surveys have not remedied the deficiencies of official criminal statistics, they have allowed their interpretation in more refined and constructive ways. For geographers, official statistics and national crime surveys are useful for studies of national and regional variations, but many geographies of crime focus on neighborhood variations and ‘crime areas’ within cities.

International Aspects of Cannabis Use and Misuse: the Australian Perspective

D.J. Allsop , W.D. Hall , in Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies , 2017

List of abbreviations

Australian Capital Territory

Australian Institute of Criminology

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders




Cannabis Expiation Notice

Cannabinoid replacement therapy

Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid

Illicit Drug Reporting System

Lysergic acid diethylamide

3,4-methylenedioxy- N -methylamphetamine

Multiple sclerosis

National Campaign against Drug Abuse

National Cannabis Policy

National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

National Drugs Campaign

National Drug Strategy Household Survey

New South Wales

People who inject drugs

Therapeutic Goods Administration



United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Levels of Analysis and Explanations in Criminology

The state of criminological theory.

The annual American Society of Criminology presidential address, published in the journal Criminology , often provides a forum for the president to present his or her vision of where they believe the discipline of criminology should be heading, what perspectives have been neglected, and what approaches need greater attention. Richard Rosenfeld (2011) , for example, in his 2010 presidential address, argues that criminology is currently dominated by “microlevel” theories and approaches that focus on individuals and their immediate social environments (families, peer groups, schools, etc.), while “big-picture thinking is largely absent from contemporary criminology” ( Rosenfeld, 2011 , p. 2). Criminology, Rosenfeld suggests, needs to pay more attention to macrolevel explanations and processes that focus on the structure and function of social institutions. Robert Sampson (2013) , in his 2012 presidential address, also confesses to “worries about the individual-level narrowness of much current scholarship” (p. 2) and argues for the importance of context, especially neighborhoods, in understanding criminological phenomena (see also Sampson, 2012 ). Messner (2012 , p. 6) also notes the “epistemological imbalance in our discipline with respect to levels of analysis” in his 2012 presidential address, while arguing for the more fruitful development of multilevel theorizing in criminology.

Beyond the mission statements presented in the American Society of Criminology presidential addresses, criminologists have variously championed the need to focus more on developmental and life course processes ( Laub, 2006 ), and the situational determinants of crime ( Clarke, 2004 ; Wikström, Oberwittler, Treiber, & Hardie, 2012 ). Others have argued that criminology has for too long been dominated by sociological approaches to understanding crime, and urge the incorporation of biological and biosocial processes in criminological theorizing (e.g., Walsh, 2009 ; Walsh & Bolen, 2012 ). Raine (2013 , p. 8), for instance, argues that:

The dominant model for understanding criminal behavior has been, for most of the twentieth century, one built almost exclusively on social and sociological models. My main argument is that sole reliance on these social perspectives is fundamentally flawed. Biology is also critically important in understanding violence, and probing through its anatomical underpinnings will be vital for treating the epidemic of violence and crime afflicting our societies.

It is not our intention to chastise criminologists by noting the persistent way that they have claimed that “their” perspective or approach has been neglected and is worthy of more attention—after all, we are making the very same claim in this book for evolutionary explanations! Moreover, most of the authors cited above are more than happy to recognize the importance and value of other levels of analysis to the ones that they champion. However, implicitly or explicitly there is a tendency among criminologists to claim explanatory primacy for their favored theory or theoretical approach. We think, therefore, that it is crucial to provide a clear framework (or linked set of frameworks) for understanding how different types of explanations are related to each other and the phenomena that they attempt to explain.

Although criminologists may not be able to agree on what is the most important or relevant approach to understanding crime, there is probably at least one issue on which there is consensus: criminology as an academic discipline is characterized by theoretical diversity. Agnew (2011a , p. 2) notes that “criminology is a divided discipline,” with broad fissures that separate not only “mainstream” from “critical” criminologists, but also divides mainstream criminologists from each other. Wikström et al. (2012 , p. 3) agree that criminology is a “fragmented and poorly integrated” discipline, while Eskridge (2005) , in his survey of the state of the field of criminology, suggests that criminology is not a “mature science” and has failed in its attempt to reduce crime. In principle, empirical testing may be able to sort some of the chaff from the wheat, and allow us to winnow out some of the least promising theoretical alternatives. However, as a rash of recent meta-analyses by Pratt and colleagues suggest ( Pratt & Cullen, 2000 , 2005 ; Pratt, Cullen, Sellers, & Gau, 2010) , although some theoretical approaches have more empirical support than others, most approaches find some level of support, and taken as a whole there is much progress to be made in explanations for crime ( Weisburd & Piquero, 2008 ). Agnew (2011a , p. 191) nicely captures this state of theoretical “attrition” in criminology:

Most theories appear to have some merit, explaining a portion of the variation in some crime. Criminologists also attempt to integrate certain of these theories. But none of the integrations has attracted wide support; partly because they reflect the divided nature of the field, combining a small number of related theories and ignoring others. And, perhaps most commonly, criminologists set up shop in their own corner of the discipline; mostly ignoring the work of criminologists in other areas, but occasionally drawing on or attacking it.

We suggest that a crucial starting point for thinking about different types of explanations in criminology is to first make it clear what the explanatory scope of criminology as a discipline is. That is, we need to establish just what we want to explain ( Durrant, 2013a ). As illustrated in Figure 4.1 we think there are three broad domains of interest that concern criminologists: crime causation, responses to crime, and intervention. We should note here that we are using the term “crime” as shorthand for all of the phenomena that criminologists are interested in explaining (e.g., crimes, norm violations, and harmful acts) as outlined in Chapter 1 .

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Figure 4.1 . The explanatory domain of criminology.

In each of these three broad domains, there are a large number of more specific explanation seeking “why” questions, which criminologists need to address. As we depict in Figure 4.1 for crime causation, these include the very general—but important—question about why it is that crime occurs, and relatedly, why crime often does not occur. Criminologists are also interested in explaining patterns of crime as they relate to significant demographic correlates such as age, gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. For instance, we need to account for why men are much more likely than women to engage in most types of criminal behavior, and for why rates of offending tend to peak during adolescence and young adulthood. We also need to account for spatial and temporal variations in offending. That is, we need to explain why crime rates vary across neighborhoods, communities, and nation-states, and how these differences change over time. A large body of research and theory has also addressed individual variations in offending: why are some people more likely to commit crimes than others? We also need to account for intraindividual variation in offending: what specific person–situation interactions account for how an individual’s likelihood of offending varies across time and space? The questions that we provide in Figure 4.1 are clearly just a sample of the population of such questions that criminologists ask, and we can add a further layer of more fine-grained questions as we address specific types of crime (fraud, sexual offending, homicide, arson, drug use, genocide, and so forth), and even specific “etiological pathways” within types of crime (e.g., for child sexual offending—see Ward, 2013 ; Ward & Siegert, 2002 ).

We can carry out a similar exercise for the other two broad domains of interest. For many criminologists and others interested in understanding crime, the main focus of interest is not on the causes of crime, but on responses to offending. Thus, at a very general level, we want to explain why it is that certain acts (and not others) are subject to informal and formal sanctions, and the nature of the psychological and social processes that give rise to punishment. We also want to explain the variations in responses to crime as they manifest at individual and social levels of organization. A great deal of scholarship, for instance, has been directed at explaining cross-national differences in imprisonment rates, and similar work has explored changes in punishment over time (see Chapter 5 ). Finally, because criminology is an applied discipline, there are a host of further questions addressing appropriate ways of intervening that can reduce the harm of crime (and the harm caused by our responses to crime). We will want to ask, for instance, whether rehabilitation is effective in reducing reoffending, and how best to reintegrate offenders into the community. More generally, we will want to know how to develop effective policies and programs to reduce crime and the harm that it causes ( Chapters 10 and 11 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 ).

Our analysis here is clearly not exhaustive. However, there are two key messages that we want to drive home. First, a central task for criminology, like all other scientific disciplines (be they physical or social), is explanation: we want to be able to appease our epistemic need to understand the world (or, to employ Kitcher’s (1985b) terminology, to reduce our “ununderstanding”) by addressing particular explanation-seeking “why” questions. Furthermore, of particular concern for applied sciences like criminology, we want to use this understanding to improve social outcomes (to reduce the harm caused by crime and our responses to crime). Second, a consideration of the range of questions that we want to address can assist in the evaluation of different criminological theories. Specifically, different theoretical explanations are more or less salient for answering different explanation-seeking “why” questions. Before we elaborate on this point, however, we need to consider how best to organize the range of theoretical accounts that have been offered to explain crime and our responses to crime.

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60 Awesome Criminology Dissertation Ideas For You!

Criminology Dissertation Ideas

Creating high-quality criminology dissertation ideas is a highly important aspect, not only for gaining top grades but firstly for showing your prowess. Yet, we all know that this task might sometimes be difficult as it is a resource-consuming process.

Since finding the proper criminology dissertation ideas could sometimes be a challenge, we’ve put together a great list to get you started. Different approaches will be a match for different people. Therefore, read through them all and select the ones that best fit you.

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Criminology Dissertation Tips

How do you generate ideas for criminology dissertation? Well, here is a quick look at that:

Allow your ideas to flow freely regardless of how wild or crazy they seem. In the midst of free writing the plans, you can censor the “dumb” or “silly” ideas. Such sifting will leave you with impressive dissertation ideas for criminology and sociology papers.

Unlike other types of writing, criminal justice is a sensitive matter that needs evidence-backed arguments. There is no room for speculations or gossip in a criminology dissertation. Hence, maximum precision is necessary if you desire a top-notch paper in the end.

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Masters and PhD. Criminology Dissertation Ideas

Here is a list of Masters and first-class dissertation ideas criminology worthy of mentioning:

Argumentative Criminology Dissertation Topics

A list of criminology topics for an argumentative dissertation paper:

Controversial Criminology Dissertation Titles

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Is Criminology A Science?

criminology science projects


When it is said that criminology is the scientific study of crime and criminals, one or two questions crop up: Is criminology a science? What does the word ‘science’ mean? Science is an approach to the problems of human knowledge based on the attempt to develop general principles about phenomena, derived from empirical observations.

The generalisations are so stated that they can be tested by any competent person (Theodorson, 1969: 368-69). Further, the generalisations of a science do not reflect individual experiences, but rather the consensus of the scientific community. Science is based on the assumption that the biases and values of the observer can be relatively controlled so that a reasonable degree of objectivity is possible.

Scientific observation has certain characteristics. The more important ones are (see, Horton and Hunt, Sociology, 1984: 4-6):

I. Scientific observation is based upon verifiable evidence, i.e., factual observations which other observers can check for accuracy.

II. Scientific observation is accurate, i.e., facts are exactly described as they are without any exaggeration or underestimation.

III. Scientific observation is precise, i.e., the observer precisely refers to the measurement or the degree. For example, he states how many people exactly were interviewed (say 500 or 1,000 or 2,000) instead of saying that “a lot of people were interviewed”; or how many people were exactly in favour of a certain programme instead of saying that “most of the people” were in favour.

A poet may say “every moment dies a man and every moment one is born” but a scientist will say that 45 persons are born in a minute in India or the population of the country increases by 1.7 crore every year.

IV. Scientific observation is systematic, i.e., observations are not casual but are collected in an organised and systematic way.

V. Scientific observation is recorded: Human memory being notoriously fallible, unrecorded facts may be difficult to recall. Trustworthy statements are, therefore, made only on the basis of recorded data.

VI. Scientific observation is objective, i.e., observation is unaffected by the observer’s own beliefs, values, attitudes, and feelings. In other words, objectivity means the ability to see and accept facts as they are, not as one might wish them to be.

VII. Scientific observations are made under controlled conditions, i.e., even though laboratories are not used where all variables may be totally controlled, yet it is possible to control quite a few variables even when studying human behaviour.

VIII. Scientific observations are made by trained observers. Untrained observers do not know where to look for facts and how to collect them and analyse and interpret them. Their inaccurate observations, biases, and casual impressions may impinge upon their efforts, which may adversely affect the results or generalisations.

There are several steps in the scientific method of investigation. These are: (i) defining the problem; (ii) reviewing the literature; (iii) formulating the hypotheses or making tentative propositions to explain certain facts; (iv) planning the research design; (v) collecting the data and (vi) drawing conclusions or making generalisations regarding the uniformities and regularities found in the facts through an inductive method (i.e., proceeding from the particular to the general).

These generalisations may or may not be in agreement with the working hypotheses and may even lead to their complete rejection. Conclusions are further drawn from the formulated generalisations by proceeding from the general to the particular, i.e., through the process of deduction.

Thus, science moves from observation through induction and deduction to verification in a never-ending process. The findings of science that have been tested and appear to be correct are known as scientific truths, though these scientific truths are subject to continuous re-examination and modification in the light of new evidence. The findings of science are classified as hypotheses, theories, and laws.

A scientific law is a universal and predictive statement of a relationship among facts that has been repeatedly corroborated by scientific investigation. It is universal in the sense that the stated relationship is held always to occur under the specified conditions. It is predictive in that if the specified conditions are found, the relationship may be predicted to follow.

A scientific theory is a set of logically interrelated and empirically verifiable propositions, while hypotheses are the propositions which have not been well verified. The proportions in the theory are those which have already been subjected to empirical testing. Thus, according to Theodorson (1969: 437), a theory is a generalisation intermediate in degree of verification between a law and a hypothesis.

With these concepts of science and scientific method, criminology may be described as a science because it uses the method that is defined as science. However, if ‘science’ is referred to in terms of the ‘content’, i.e., “the body of scientific findings”, then criminology is not a science.

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National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science

NICFS has also initiated a study on ‘The Persistence of Spermatozoa and Non-Sperm Male Cells in Genital Tract of the Woman during Post Coital Period using Cytological and Fluorescence In-Situ Hybridization (FISH) Techniques’, in collaboration with gynae department of Hospitals in Delhi with the approval of the Ethical Committee. The outcome of the study is expected to raise the time line for collection of genital tract swabs and help in reducing the chance of rendering injustice to the survivor/victims of the Sexual Assault cases who report late for Medico-legal examination.

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167 Top Criminology Dissertation Ideas

Criminology Dissertation Ideas

Are you taking criminology in college, and it is time to work on your dissertation, but it appears challenging? Many university students get stuck even before starting, but there is no need to worry because we are here to hold your hand. The first, and we must emphasize, most crucial step, is picking the title of your dissertation. So, how do you select the right criminology dissertation topic?

The best title should be unique, interesting, and have ample resources to help you craft a paper that will impress your professor and the assessment committee. To make selecting the best easier, we have picked the hottest 167 criminology dissertation ideas for you. Keep reading to identify the preferred option and use it as it is or tweak a little to fit your preference.

Criminology Dissertation Ideas on Terrorism

Criminology Dissertation Ideas about Drugs

Criminal Law EPQ Questions

Masters Dissertation Ideas for Criminology

Forensic Psychology Dissertation Ideas

Criminology Dissertation Ideas Mental Health

Criminology Dissertation Ideas UK

Controversial Criminology Dissertation Topics

Criminology Dissertation Ideas on Domestic Violence

Interesting Criminology Dissertation Titles

Criminology Dissertation Ideas about Prisons

Knife Crime Dissertation Titles

Criminology Dissertation Help by Best Writers a Click Away

Now that we have looked at the best titles, from terrorism dissertation ideas to criminology topics on drugs, have you picked the preferred option? If “yes,” you are one step in the right direction. However, the next step of writing the dissertation is longer and requires a deep understanding of criminology. You also need excellent writing skills, time, and access to all the required resources. If you do not have the combination of all the above, which happens regularly to most students, you have a way out – seeking help from the best writers online. Our custom writing service stands taller than others because we have top-notch ENL writers who stop at nothing in ensuring clients get high grades. They have a lot of experience in the discipline and can work on any topic, from criminology and psychology dissertation ideas to terrorism-related topics. Again, they are fast and can easily beat even the toughest deadline. Our service is also cheap. Do not let the criminology dissertation stress you in any way – our expert can help you complete it professionally and fast too!

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  1. 256 Research Topics on Criminal Justice & Criminology

    Criminological theories, types of crime, the role of media in criminology, and more. Our topics will help you prepare for a college-level assignment, debate, or essay writing. Our specialists will write a custom essay on any topic for $13.00 $10.40/page 308 certified professionals on site Learn More Contents Criminology vs. Criminal Justice

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  10. 100 Criminal Justice Research Topics For College Students

    100 Amazing Criminal Justice Research Topics 2022. To score the top grades, students must choose the right criminal justice research topics for their papers and essays. Writing assignments in this academic field deal with justice and crime. However, the study field of a learner can be limited to specific academic barriers and choices.

  11. List of Criminology Project Topics and Materials PDF Download

    All Project Materials for the Criminology Department Listed on this Research Page have their Complete work Written from Chapters 1 to 5 which are: Title Page and the Case Study, Table Of Contents, Abstract, the Background of the Study, Statement of the Problem, Research Questions, Objectives of the Study, Research Hypothesis, Signification of the …

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    David Weisburd, Anthony Petrosino, in Encyclopedia of Social Measurement, 2005. Introduction. In criminology, experiments involving programs, policies, or practices are an important research design because, when implemented with full integrity, they provide the most convincing evidence about the impact of an intervention.Compared to other research designs, experiments provide more confidence ...

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    Thus, according to Theodorson (1969: 437), a theory is a generalisation intermediate in degree of verification between a law and a hypothesis. With these concepts of science and scientific method, criminology may be described as a science because it uses the method that is defined as science. However, if 'science' is referred to in terms of ...

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    Research Projects. NICFS has also initiated a study on 'The Persistence of Spermatozoa and Non-Sperm Male Cells in Genital Tract of the Woman during Post Coital Period using Cytological and Fluorescence In-Situ Hybridization (FISH) Techniques', in collaboration with gynae department of Hospitals in Delhi with the approval of the Ethical ...

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    Criminology Authors: Kristopher J. Brazil Carleton University Lisa Whittingham Brock University Abstract Synonyms: Criminal behavior; Social factors and crime; The psychology of crime Definition...

  19. 167 Stunning Criminology Dissertation Ideas for You

    Criminology Dissertation Ideas about Drugs Analyzing the relationship between people of various backgrounds and police. What are the most effective methods of preventing drug trafficking internationally? Analyzing the effectiveness of drug courts. Reversible and irreversible impacts of drug abuse.