Year 1 space topic


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Year 5: Earth and Space

This list consists of lesson plans, activities and video clips to support the teaching of Earth and Space in Year Five. It contains tips on using the resources, suggestions for further use and background subject knowledge. Possible misconceptions are highlighted so that teachers may plan lessons to facilitate correct conceptual understanding. Designed to support the new curriculum programme of study it aims to cover many of the requirements for knowledge and understanding and working scientifically. The statutory requirements are that children are taught to:

• describe the movement of the Earth, and other planets, relative to the Sun in the solar system

•  describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth

•  describe the Sun, Earth and Moon as approximately spherical bodies

•  use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the sun across the sky.

Visit the primary science  webpage to access all lists.

Our Solar System

Quality Assured Category: Science Publisher: ESA

Working in groups, children research the eight planets, comets and asteroids in our Solar System. They find out about moons and rings, which planets have them and the colours of the different planets. Each group researches one object and produces a fact sheet, which they present to the class and combine into a class encyclopedia. This resource has been provided by ESA (European Space Agency).

space homework ks1

Sunlight and Space Travel

Quality Assured Category: Science Publisher: Institute of Physics

This presentation looks at many often misunderstood concepts such as: the spin of the Earth and how this explains day and night, the orbit of the Earth around the sun, the phases of the moon and eclipses of both the sun and the moon. Introducing these concepts concepts visually through a presentation and providing ideas for practical activities will help children to gain a correct understanding of the science of the Earth, Sun and Moon.

Slide 22 may help with the misconception that the Moon makes its own light whereas it reflects the light of the Sun, just as the planets do. In fact, the bright part of the Moon is experiencing daytime.

The section on the Earth, Sun and Moon begins on slide 10 of the presentation.

space homework ks1

Earth and space: space presenters

Quality Assured Category: Science Publisher: Hamilton Trust

Children may think that day and night is caused by the sun going behind the Earth or hiding behind clouds rather than because the Earth spins on its axis taking 24 hours or one day to do so. Having children model a spinning globe facing a light source is a great way of helping them to understand why we have day and night.

Try putting a little flag or small plastic figure on the UK and ask them at different points in the spin of the globe wether it is daytime or nightime in the UK and why they know this. Another flag could be put on Australia so they can see that whilst some countries have daytime others have night as they are facing away from the sun.

Session B in this lesson pack provides an investigation on sundials which further help children see that the Earth spins on its axis and this results in day and night.

   Other lessons in this resource, produced by the Hamilton Trust, look at: • Earth, Moon and Sun • Eclipses and seasons • Moon phases • Star constellations • Planets

space homework ks1

Is There Anyone Out There?

Quality Assured Category: Science Publisher: ESERO-UK

Teachers often find that this topic is difficult to make practical . This resource contains fun experiments that help children learn the skills of practical investigation. Analyse martian soil samples to find evidence of life, investigate craters and volcanoes and find the best site for a Mars rover. An excellent way of working scientifically using space as a context.

space homework ks1

Day and Night World Map

A World map which shows the parts of the Earth in daylight and which are in night. have this up all day in your class room so and have children pick a place on the map and check it to see if it is night or day there throughout the course of a school day. If possible children could be encouraged to view this map for homework.

Phases of the Moon

Discuss with children what shape the moon is and shape it appears to us when looking into the sky. Children may have observed the Phases of the Moon but many will be unclear as to why we see them. Some children may think that they are caused by a shadow from the Earth, clouds, or the Earth's or Moon's rotation. This clip shows that we see the Phases of the Moon because our perspective of the Moon's sunlit appearance changes as it orbits Earth.  

Another common misconception about the phases of the moon is that people in different countries see different phases of the Moon on the same day. Remind children that everyone sees the same phases of the Moon on the same day, perhaps by sticking a figure on the map on different countries and having children point to the phase of the moon for today.

Daytime Moon Viewing

Quality Assured Category: Science Publisher: Royal Observatory Greenwich

Is the Moon only seen at night? I have yet to see a children's drawing which shows the moon out in the day so children will believe this to be the case. This resource will ensure that children know we can see the moon both in the day and at night. The only phases of the Moon that cannot be seen in the day are full moon (which is usually only visible at night) and the new moon (which is not visible from Earth at all). 

In viewing six of the eight phases of the Moon during school hours it ensures that children are going out and viewing the moon. If set as a homework task in the evening it may be forgotten or some children may find it difficult without guidance.

Create a Moon Diary and ask children to sketch the shape of the moon visible each day over one month so they can see the pattern over time. Remind them that the shape of the moon will be the same no matter where in the world it is viewed on the same day.

Moonrise and Moonset times may be found here:

space homework ks1

Fruit Solar System

Using fruit to model the Solar System sounds like a lot of fun and a great way of looking at the relative sizes of the planets and their distance from the Sun. Try to develop their thinking skills by asking children to take an educated guess as to which planet each fruit represents.

This physical representation may help children see that the Earth is not the largest object in our Solar System. It also offers an opportunity to discuss the Sun as the centre of the Solar System about which the other objects revolve.

It may also a good time to point out that the Sun is the only star in our Solar System. Children often think that there are other stars as they see stars  in the night sky. These stars are in fact very, very far away from our Solar System.

Quality Assured Category: Mathematics Publisher: ESERO-UK

Build a re-entry capsule to allow your eggnaut to safely return to earth. A lovely group activity that develops thinking skills and allows children to consider Newton's Laws of Motion whilst designing their capsules. Whilst discussing gravity it is worth mentioning that the Moon does have gravity, but because it has less mass than the Earth, it has 1/6 of Earth's gravity at its surface. This could be highlighted using a clip of an astronaught walking on the Moon as they don't float away but bounce lightly off its surface.

ESAkids *suitable for home teaching*

The European Space Agency website specially designed for children with all you need to know about space.

It has animations, facts, games, puzzles and quizzes to stimulate and enrich learning about earth and space.

International Space Station (ISS) Education Kit - Primary

A great resource with lots of ideas for planning lessons across the curricuum using space as a stimulus.

Looks at life in space and what is it like to live and work on board the International Space Station.

It includes: background information, worksheets, colour posters and a teachers' guide.

Quality Assured Collection Category: Science Publisher: UNAWE

This collection contains lots of activity ideas for Earth and Space including:

space homework ks1

Paxi animations

Quality Assured Collection Category: Science Publisher: ESA

This collection of short animations introduce us to Paxi, the alien explorer and European Space Agency mascot. Paxi introduces himself, then explores the Solar System, investigates comets and looks at how scientists aim to find out if there is evidence for life on Mars. These animations are a great introduction to learning about space and ESA missions in a way that is accessible to children.

Solar System in a box

Quality Assured Category: Space Publisher: Royal Observatory Greenwich

This video elegantly explains how to create  a small model of the solar system, using very simple and easily sourced equipment.

Mission to Mars

This animated video explores some of the challenges that exist for getting astronauts to Mars, and what it would be like to live there for a while.

Rocks in space

Quality Assured Category: Space Publisher: Geological Society

In this resource, as well as creating a solar system mobile pupils learn that the outer planets are less dense than the inner planets and the planet with the highest density is  Earth. Then will then carry out their own density experiment using classroom or household objects. 

space homework ks1

All Kids Network Logo

Check out our collection of space worksheets for kids. We have a variety of space themed printable worksheets that range from worksheets that teach kids about the solar system to worksheets that help kids practice counting with a space theme. Just click on any of the images of the space worksheets below to view the bigger picture and print out your copy in pdf format.

Name the Planets Worksheet

Name the Planets Worksheet

Objects of the Solar System Worksheet

Objects of the Solar System Worksheet

Planet Earth Worksheet

Planet Earth Worksheet

Planet Jupiter Worksheet

Planet Jupiter Worksheet

Planet Mars Worksheet

Planet Mars Worksheet

Planet Mercury Worksheet

Planet Mercury Worksheet

Planet Neptune Worksheet

Planet Neptune Worksheet

Planet Report Worksheet

Planet Report Worksheet

Planet Saturn Worksheet

Planet Saturn Worksheet

Planet Uranus Worksheet

Planet Uranus Worksheet

Planet Venus Worksheet

Planet Venus Worksheet

solar system worksheet

Solar System Worksheet

space alphabetical order worksheet

Space Alphabetical Order Worksheet

Space Color by Number

Space Color by Number

Use the key to color the picture of the astrona...

space matching worksheet

Space Matching Worksheet

space words missing letters

Space Missing Vowels Worksheet

space matching worksheet

Space Picture Matching Worksheet

space counting practice worksheet

Space Themed Counting Practice Worksheet

space counting worksheet

Space Themed Counting Worksheet

space handwriting worksheet

Space Themed Handwriting Worksheet

number eight worksheet

Space Themed Number Eight Worksheet

number eighteen worksheet

Space Themed Number Eighteen Worksheet

number eleven worksheet

Space Themed Number Eleven Worksheet

number five worksheet

Space Themed Number Five Worksheet

number six worksheet

Space Themed Number Six Worksheet

spelling worksheet

Space Themed Spelling Worksheet

different things worksheet

Things that are Different Worksheet - Space Theme

same things worksheet

Things that are the Same Worksheet - Space Theme

Write Planets in Order Worksheet

Write Planets in Order Worksheet

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Space Homework Grid - remember these are only suggestions

Thanks to the following children for their contributions to our Space  display :

Unfortunately not the ones with chocolate chips.

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