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Understanding Property Easement Laws
When you own a piece of property, it’s common to think that no one can tell you what to do with any part of it. You can paint it any color you want. You can put in a pool with an entertainment deck. You can build your kids the play area of their dreams. It’s all good until you put up a fence to frame your backyard and the electric company tells you to take it down. You may own the property, but they have an easement on it that gives them the legal right to use part of your property. So what exactly is an easement?
Types of Easements
The several types of easements are defined by their effects and benefits. Affirmative easements give someone the right to use property that doesn’t belong to them. Negative easements restrict what landowners can do on their properties. Easements generally benefit a specific person or company. Appurtenant easements benefit a specific piece of property.
One of the most common types of easement is a utility easement given to an electric, cable or water company. For example, an electric company needs access to lines to conduct repairs and maintenance. When those lines cross over someone else’s property, the company is granted an easement that gives it the right to enter the property.
Purpose of Easements
Easements may benefit a specific person, company or piece of land. In the previous example of the utility company easement, the company needs the easement to do its job. Sometimes an easement benefits the property instead of the property owner. In the case of a landlocked piece of property, an appurtenant easement provides access to the property through adjoining pieces of land.
How Easements Are Created
You can create an easement through written agreement, implication or prescription. In most cases, parties detail their agreement in writing and submit it to the court for recording. Some easements are implied. This happens when the only way to access a piece of land is through neighboring property. The easement then becomes attached to the land and applies to future owners.
Easements by prescription occur when individuals create and use an easement, even without a written agreement. State laws regulating prescriptive easement vary, but they have certain requirements to establish the easement. In most cases, the law requires that the easement is not secretive, even when done without the owner’s permission. It also must be an established practice that has occurred for several years.
Duration of Easements
Unless a written agreement specifies a termination date, most easements are permanent and carry over to new owners. This applies even if the easement agreement isn’t in writing. That doesn’t mean you’re stuck with an easement. It ends when it’s no longer necessary. For example, when a landlocked piece of property is no longer landlocked, there’s no need for an easement to reach it. If the electric company moves it’s lines away from your property, the easement ends. In some cases, easement rights end due to abandonment or condemnation of the property.
Property Rights vs. Easement Rights
Easements do place some restrictions on what the property owner can do with the land. You can’t block the easement owner’s access to the easement by building a fence or wall. For example, individuals who own beachfront property adjoining a public beach can’t put up a fence that prevents people from reaching the public land.
Solar easements also restrict vertical space on your property. If your neighbor has a solar easement, you may not be allowed to construct buildings or plant trees that interfere with the solar panels they use to produce energy. However, these easements usually include some form of compensation because they aren’t technically necessary.
How to Find Out If Your Property Has an Easement
Sometimes it’s easy to determine whether you’re property has an easement. If the easement is recorded, it should show up in a title search or on a survey of the property. You can also check directly with a utility company or the local land record office. Ideally, there should be some form of written agreement, even if it’s between two neighbors, to prevent misunderstandings.
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105 interesting property law topics for your paper.
Before you assess custom research topics in real estate, what is property law? You should even know the types of property law because they encompass what are considered legal properties. What is even legal property in property law?
Property law is a section of the law that oversees the legality of real property or personal property ownership. It evaluates and protects claims to resources as an object of legal rights. This extends to intellectual property laws also.
These laws are the engaging and intriguing parts of English common law that embrace possession of wealth collectively or individually. The two basic types of property law are real property and personal property.
Real property is an immovable property that could be land and anything found inside or on it. This could be an erected building or mineral resource. On the other hand, personal property refers to movable properties like stocks, money, notes, copyrights, patents, and other forms of intangible property. How do you structure your research after choosing a topic property law?
Outline Of A Good Property Law Research Paper
Selecting a topic is one of the most dreaded parts of research for students. However, your topic from these 105 topics must be potentially engaging. It should also be a topic you could perform your best on. It would help if you found an argument, defined your audience, and conducted research that could include:
- Introduction: Your introduction determines whether a reader will keep reading or drop your work. You must hook a reader with intriguing insights about property law and what you’ve set out to do with your research. You must also include your thesis statement, which is a brief analysis of what your research is about.
- Body: This is the main subject where you present your arguments. Facts must accompany your arguments. This makes your work more of high quality and scholarly work. You must, of course, consult reliable sources to back up the case studies you cite as well as the points you make.
- Conclusion: This is where you summarize your arguments. You get to state your most vital points, give a general overview, and state your resolution based on the facts you’ve considered. All these will help you create a well written paper or essay.
Now that you know what property law is and how to outline property law research, attempt any of these questions or topics from our best research proposal writing services :
Easy Real Estate Law Questions
Real estate is an essential part of entrepreneurial and academic fields. There are numerous research topics in real estate which concern the stages of progress in a country or how the value or properties have diminished or increased. Consider these good questions:
- Examine how real estate value can be protected during investment risks.
- Analyze the real estate policy framework of the previous century and how it affects this century’s policy.
- What is the basis of equity markets and institutional investors?
- What is the criticism of real estate policies from the Marxist view?
- What is the definition of real estate from the liberal lens?
- Examine the geography of finance and real estate.
- Examine the risks and opportunities associated with real estate in any country of your choice.
- What are the pillars financing real estate in any state of your choice?
- How do federal laws guide personal properties?
- What is the role of the internal revenue service of the UK in real estate?
- How does real estate help with alleviating the unemployment problem in the US?
- Examine the effect of a commercial advertisement for residential home sale.
- Why does property value diminish?
- Identify what a real estate transaction is, citing three case studies.
- Examine the legal requirements for mortgaging a property.
- Examine the safety practices for building in the US.
- Criticize the environmental contamination Regulations affecting real estate in the UK.
- What are the challenges facing rural real estate outfits?
- Examine the challenges of legal debt in real estate.
- What does estate law say in the construction of underground storage tanks?
Hot Topics Real Estate
Real estate encompasses land, buildings, natural resources, and other forms of immovable properties. As an interesting part of any society, there is a need for advanced topics on legal properties and what protects business owners. All these real estate law issues birth the following potential in depth research idea on the subjects:
- Examine the symbiosis between sales prices and building costs.
- Do housing regulators in real estate have any significance?
- What are the fundamental economic indicators for investment in real estate?
- Examine the scale of low interest in buying homes due to COVID-19.
- Examine in detail how COVID-19 affected real estate.
- Examine why homeowners are complaining about the rise of mortgage rates and what led to it.
- Analyze the factors to be considered when investing in a real estate company.
- Examine the ways interest rates and taxes affect real estate.
- Evaluate the importance of the environment in valuing a property.
- Evaluate the reasons why some buy homes rather than build theirs.
- Examine the factors that facilitate the rise of properties in recent times.
- Evaluate the implication of shortage of skilled workers in the US and how it affects real estate.
- Examine the impact of varied stocks on homeowners.
- Evaluate the growth of private housing units in the UK.
- Discuss the essence of real estate in a recession.
- Examine the future of real estate in the UK.
- Discuss the future of the real estate market in the US.
- Examine how real estate has boomed the economy of any country of your choice.
- Evaluate the role of the National Association of Home Building in real estate.
- Examine how real estate agents affect the industry.
- Evaluate the limitations of legal laws on real estate.
- Examine the professionalism feature of real estate practice.
- Examine the trends of the real estate market in any country of your choice.
- How do buyer choices impact real estate decisions?
- What are the professional ethics and legal practices in real estate?
Easy Research Topics In Real Estate
If you want to know more about the present and the future, conducting in depth research into real estate could help. Dissecting these advanced topics on real estate could get you the best grades in school. Attempt any of these legal property law topics:
- Project the future of real estate in the UK.
- Examine the current trends, give a review of the evolution of real estate.
- Examine the differences between real estate and personal property laws.
- Evaluate the reasons for the focus on urban centers.
- Do you think rural infrastructural development could help with rural real estate outreach?
- Give detailed research on how home prices affect buyer choices post-pandemic.
- What has led to the reduction in the construction of residential homes in any country of your choice?
- Examine the ways the Black Lives Matter movement affected real estate.
- Examine long term impending challenges over real estate.
- Examine how scammers maximize the real estate and their strategies.
- Discuss the latest technology and trends in real estate and how to maximize them.
- Examine the recent approach for home selling and buying.
- Analyze the tax shelter strategy as a real estate business owner.
- Discuss the concept of liability in real estate.
- Give a deep evaluation of mortgage lending discrimination.
- Assess how corporate companies invest in real estate.
- What are the factors that make an investment reliable?
- Examine the reasons why some investors avoid luxury real estate.
- Evaluate the role of active manageent and expertise in real estate.
- Analyze the Property markets filled by private and public investments in any country of your choice.
Intellectual Property Law Topics
Intellectual property is about the laws that protect the unauthorized use of human intellect by other people. This is a critical part of private and public use of intellectual properties. As a crucial part of the law, examine these topics:
- Compare and contrast the law guiding patent rights in Europe.
- Examine the process, in detail, of applying for a Patent.
- Evaluate what patent appeal encompasses.
- Give a thorough overview of patent infringement using three or five case studies.
- Examine the reasons for injunctions and restraining orders in patent.
- Examine the types of patent and analyze them According to the existing literature.
- Examine the processes of gaining licensing.
- Analyze the difference between royalties and taxes.
- Examine the role of royalties in licensing interventions.
- Give a thorough overview of what copyright infringement is all about in the UK.
- Give a comprehensive overview of what copyright infringement is all about in the US.
- Examine the process of registering copyright.
- How do trademark work?
- Examine the importance of architecture in copyright law.
- Examine the process of destroying copyrighted works.
- Evaluate the basis of the software development agreement.
- Choose any entertainment country of your choice and examine the intellectual property scandal against them.
- Examine the scandal between HBO and Dave Chappelle.
- Examine the intellectual property Agreements of Netflix with any entertainer or brand of your choice.
- Examine the ways through which officials manipulate people into signing bad deals.
Research Topics in Intellectual Property Law
Part of the law that refers to offering exclusive rights for certain creative activities protects an individual is intellectual property law. In other words, without the owner’s permission, a work can neither be used, copied, or rewritten/redone. As students, you may need to clarify this with advanced research. You can consider these topics:
- Examine how freedom operate in US law.
- How can an individual file a provisional patent application?
- Evaluate the essence of intellectual properties for social media influencers.
- Where is the place of content creators in intellectual property?
- Using examples, what are the ways to strengthen patents?
- Examine the critical features of copyright expiration.
- Examine what “works in public domain” means.
- How does playing in restaurants or stores could be tantamount to copyright infringement?
- What do arbitrary trademark and service marks encompass?
- Evaluate the registration process of trademark of any company of your choice.
- Choose three companies and assess their conflicts on an unregistered trademark.
- Evaluate nondisclosure agreements concerning intellectual properties.
- Discuss the role of nondisclosure agreements in securing trade secrets.
- Examine the strategies used by scammers to rob owners of Intellectual property rights.
- Discuss the evolution of copyright and patent in the English common law.
- Assess the nature of real estate companies and the essence of copyright laws.
- Attempt a guide to publishers of ebooks on how to retain copyright over their works.
- Discuss the factors that could lead to a loss of Intellectual ownership.
- Examine the trend in the law regarding social media content creators.
- Criticize any perspective you consider absurd in common about intellectual property rights.
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Lessons by Subject Outline - Property Law
- This Subject Outline allows you to search for terms of art that correspond to topics you are studying to find related CALI Lessons.
- The Property Law Index lists all CALI lessons covering Property Law.
- Distinction Between Real Property and Personal Property (PPL13)
- Historic Distinction
- Tangible Real Property
- Things In Between: Fixtures and the Like
- Ownership through capture
- Exception for trespassers
- Physical possession
- Intent to control
- Constructive possession
- Right of owner to transfer rights
- By natural growth
- Willful wrongdoer
- Innocent wrongdoer
- By trespasser to realty
- Addition of goods owned by another
- Bona fide purchasers
- Bailments (PPL65)
- Title remains in bailor
- Problems of fungible goods (ex. grain in an elevator)
- Distinguished from a sale
- Possession and physical control by bailee
- Intent to take possession and exercise control need not be voluntary
- Was bailment for the benefit of the bailor or the bailee or both?
- Bailee must exercise ordinary care under the circumstances
- What "circumstances" do courts consider? Bailment that results from Contract
- Public policy considerations
- Demand by bailor
- Demand may be unnecessary if goods destroyed
- Wrongful termination of the bailment by the bailee
- Liability inferred in goods not returned
- Liability for conversion
- Right to possession and use
- Right to compensation and expenses
- Right to sue a third party
- Against bono-fide purchasers
- Against those who damage or destroy the goods
- Gifts I: Inter Vivos Gifts (PPL25)
- Elements of an Inter Vivos Gift
- Functions of "intent" and "delivery"
- Permissible types of delivery
- Delivery to a third party (escrow)
- Gifts of intangibles and undivided interests
- When delivery is excused
- Conditional Gifts
- Gifts II: Testamentary Gifts, Causa Mortis Gifts and Gifts of Future Interests (PPL31)
- Testamentary Gifts
- Causa Mortis Gifts
- Present and Future Interests
- Intent and Delivery Requirements
- Distinguishing Inter Vivos Gifts of a Future Interest from a Testamentary Gift
- Rights of possessor over all except the owner
- Abandoned when owner intentionally gives up rights
- Property lost when owner involuntarily parted with property
- Obligations of finders of lost property
- Goods found under the soil vs. treasure trove
- Goods found by trespasser
- Goods found by employee
- Mislaid property
- Wrongful Possession
- Transfer of ownership of an item
- Conversion of a chattel to a fixture
- Severance conversion of a fixture to a chattel
- Landlord and tenant rules
- Adverse Possession: An Introductory Lesson (PPL15)
- Statutory Interpretation (LCS03)
- Adverse Possession: Open and Notorious Possession (PPL11)
- Mechanics of Adverse Possession (Pt. II)---How Adverse Possession Operates
- The Function of the Open and Notorious Standard
- Applying the Standard to Boundary Encroachment Disputes---The Relevance (or Irrelevance) of The True Owner's Knowledge of the Encroachment
- Adverse Possession of Open Lands
- Adverse Possession: Color of Title and Constructive Adverse Possession (PPL22)
- Shortening the Limitations Period
- Constructive Adverse Possession
- Adverse Possession: Continuous and Exclusive Possession for the Statutory Period (PPL20)
- Exclusive Possession
- Transfers and Tacking
- Conduct that Interrupts the Statutory Period
- Tolling (Non-running) of the Statutory Period
- Adverse Possession: Hostile Possession or Possession Under Claim of Right (PPL10)
- The Significance of Permission
- The Majority (Objective) Approach
- Minority (Subjective) Approaches
- Adverse Possession: Review Questions (PPL32)
- Adverse Possession: Related Doctrines (PPL46)
- Easements Defined (PPL16)
- Negative Easements - In Contrast with Affirmative Easements (PPL17)
- Creation of negative easements
- Types of negative easements
- Easements Appurtenant and in Gross (PPL19)
- Distinguishing easements appurtenant from easements in gross
- Conflict between rights of easement users and owners of the servient tenement
- Express Easements (PPL18)
- Easements by Express Reservation and by Express Grant
- Implied Easements of Necessity (PPL36)
- Purpose of implying the easement
- Requirements for the implication of the easement
- Severance of the dominant and servient parcels
- Statutory aspects
- Prescriptive Easements (PPL37)
- Purposes underlying the easement's recognition
- Requirements to Support Acquisition
- Prescriptive use
- Easements Implied from Prior Existing Use (PPL38)
- Rights and duties of servient owners & easement holders --
- Termination of Easements (PPL50)
- Relation to an Easement
- Creation: Profits appurtenant or in gross
- Termination of profits
- Licenses Contrasted: Easements by Estoppel (PPL48)
- Types of licenses
- Reason for real covenants
- Termination of covenants
- Comparison between Restatement & Traditional Common Law rules
- Covenants, Equitable Servitudes and Restrictions 1: Creation (PPL55)
- Real Covenants and Servitudes of Land (Podcast) (PPL55P)
- Touch and concern
- Privity of estate
- Covenants, Equitable Servitudes and Restrictions 3: Who Has the Right to Enforce Covenants and Equitable Servitudes? (PPL57)
- Covenants, Equitable Servitudes and Restrictions 4: Against Whom May One Enforce the Promise? (PPL58)
- Covenants, Equitable Servitudes and Restrictions 5: Defenses to Enforcement (PPL59)
- Rights and duties of parties
- Burden and benefit
- Defense to enforcement
- Covenants, Equitable Servitudes and Restrictions 2: Determining the Validity and Scope (PPL56)
- The Estate System (PPL04)
- The Estate System: A Review (PPL62)
- Historical underpinnings of tenure explained
- Fee Simple Absolute (PPL14)
- Potential Duration
- Freehold vs. Non-Freehold Estates
- Characteristics of the Fee Simple Absolute
- Creation of a Fee Simple
- Estate in Fee Tail (PPL26)
- Historical Origins of The Fee Tail Estate
- Legal Characteristics of the Traditional Fee Tail Estate
- Modern Fee Tail and Fee Simple Conditional Estates
- Treatment of the Fee Tail Under Modern Statutes
- Interpreting the Language of Conveyances (PPL07)
- Rules of construction of language
- Relation to specified event
- Buzz words for creation
- Grantor's rights and relation to a specific event
- Statute of Uses
- Creation in third parties
- Defeasible life estate
- Defeasible non-freehold (estate for years)
- Life Estate (PPL30)
- Definition and Creation
- Characteristics of Life Estate
- Direct and Indirect Restraints
- Disabling, Forfeiture and Promissory Restraints
- Absolute Restraints on Fee Simple Estates
- Restraints on Fee Simple Estates Limited as to Time
- Restraints on Fee Simple Estates Limited as to Transferees
- Restraints on Fee Simple Estates Limited as to Manner of Alienation
- Rule Against Perpetuities 2: Reforms - Cy Pres and Wait-and-See Doctrines (PPL44)
- Basic Future Interests: The Concept of "Future Interest" - Lesson 1 (PPL05_01)
- Basic Future Interests: The Defeasible Estates and Their Future Interests - Lesson 2 (PPL05_02)
- Basic Future Interests: Fee Simple On Executory Limitation (and Executory Interests) - Lesson 5 (PPL05_05)
- Basic Future Interests: Fee Simple Determinable (and Possibilities of Reverter) - Lesson 3 (PPL05_03)
- Basic Future Interests: Fee Simple on Condition Subsequent (and Rights of Re-entry) - Lesson 4 (PPL05_04)
- Basic Future Interests: Reversions - Lesson 6 (PPL05_06)
- Basic Future Interests: Remainders - Lesson 7 (PPL05_07)
- Basic Future Interests: Kinds of Vested and Contingent Remainders - Lesson 8 (PPL05_08)
- Basic Future Interests: Executory Interests - Lesson 9 (PPL05_09)
- Basic Future Interests: Identifying Remainders and Executory Interests - Lesson 10 (PPL05_10)
- Future Interest Rules (PPL60)
- Rule defined
- Reason for the rule
- Relation to the doctrine of merger
- Today's view of the rule
- Doctrine defined
- Reason for the doctrine
- Relation to inter vivos conveyances
- Today's status of the doctrine
- Doctrine of Waste
- Rule Against Perpetuities 1: Common Law Rule Against Perpetuities (PPL34)
- Rule Against Perpetuities 3: Reforms - Uniform Statutory Rule Against Perpetuities (PPL42)
- Rule Against Perpetuities Podcast (PPL34P)
- Traditional CL RAP
- Initial modifications to RAP
- Joint Tenancy (PPL21)
- Landlord and Tenant: An Introductory Lesson (PPL23)
- Introduction & Definitions
- Right of Survivorship
- Unity of time
- Unity of title
- Unity of interest
- Unity of possession
- Recognition of joint tenancy today
- Tenancy in Common (PPL12)
- General Concepts
- No Right of Survivorship
- Different Estates
- Different Fractional Interests
- At Common Law
- Tenancy by the Entirety (PPL24)
- Relation to marital property in many states
- Status today
- Unity of Time
- Unity of Title
- Unity of Interest
- Unity of Possession
- Unity of Marriage
- Husband and wife must act together
- Relations Between Co-Tenants (PPL29)
- Right to Possession
- Accountability to Other Tenants; Contributions to Expenses
- CO-tenants Fiduciary Relationship
- Right to Partition
- Problems in Property Law Series I (PPL01)
- Problems in Property Law Series II (PPL02)
- Problems in Property Law Series III (PPL03)
- Types of co-ops
- Restrictions on sales
- Unitary financing
- Use and occupancy restrictions
- Legal organization
- Management rights
- Death or succession
- Types of estates
- Leasehold estates
- Functions of Leases
- Conveyance and Contract Theories
- Landlord and Tenant: Statute of Frauds (PPL28)
- Basic Principles
- Sufficiency of Writing
- Effect of Violation
- Short-term Lease Exception
- Landlord and Tenant: Tenancy for Years (PPL27)
- Choice of Length
- Certainty of Duration
- Lease to Commence in Future
- Method of Termination
- Renewal Terms
- Landlord and Tenant: Periodic Tenancy (PPL33)
- Express Agreement
- Implied Agreement
- Notice of Termination
- Timing Rules for Notices
- Hybrid Leases
- Landlord and Tenant: Tenancy at Will (PPL39)
- Landlord and Tenant: Tenancy at Sufferance (Holdover Tenants) (PPL40)
- Holdover doctrine
- Doctrine favors the landlord
- Rights of the subsequent lessee if tenant holds over
- Landlord and Tenant: Quiet Enjoyment (PPL41)
- Landlord and Tenant: Delivery of Possession and Title Covenants (PPL52)
- Tort liability of landlord and tenant
- Rules today vs. under common law
- Landlord and Tenant: Constructive Eviction (PPL53)
- Frustration of purpose
- Taking by eminent domain
- Destruction of the premises
- Eviction and constructive eviction: implied covenant of quiet enjoyment
- Voluntary waste
- Permissive waste
- Ameliorating waste
- No duty to repair
- Fitness of the premises & caveat emptor
- Commercial Leases
- Tenant's remedies
- Relation of parties common law and today
- Rights and liabilities of landlord and assignee/sublessee
- Covenants against assignment or subletting
- Fair Housing Act
- Water Law Basics: Riparianism (ENV23)
- Water Law Basics: Rights in Ground Water (ENV26)
- Water Law Basics: Prior Appropriation (ENV24)
- Water Law: Federal Reserved Rights (ENV28)
- Water Law: The California System (ENV30)
- Public trust doctrine
- Historical overview
- Takings and land-use controls as Takings
- Eminent domain/inverse condemnation
- Constitutional challenges
- Regulatory Takings (ENV48)
- Zoning Principles
- Zoning and development proposals/PUDs
- Administration of land control uses
- Subdivision regulation
- Historical and environmental
- Formal requirements under the Statute of Frauds
- Contract for Purchase and Sale 1: Formation and Terms (PPL43)
- Marketable Title Acts and Marketable Record Title Acts (PPL61)
- Types of deeds to be executed
- Warranty of marketability
- Purchase Options: Their Uses in Real Estate Transactions (RE07)
- Purchase Options: Problems Unique to Real Estate (RE08)
- Letters of Intent in Real Estate Transactions (RE09)
- Caveat emptor
- Affirmative misrepresentation
- Warranties of new home construction
- duties to disclose
- Risk of Loss
- Contract for Purchase and Sale 2: Remedies and the Merger Doctrine (PPL51)
- Specific Performance
- Equitable Remedies - An Overview (REM02)
- Financing Real Estate Transactions: A Basic Introduction (PPL45)
- Mortgages: Theories and Redemption (RE03)
- Installment land sale contracts
- Deeds of Trust
- Boundary disputes
- Delivery when the grantor retains the deed
- To the grantee
- To a third party
- Conditional Delivery
- Acceptance of the deed
- Three types of deeds
- Relation of deed to covenants granted
- Title Insurance Basics (RE05)
- Title Insurance Coverage (RE06)
- Covenants of Title and Types of Deeds (PPL63)
- Estoppel by deed
- Real Estate Brokerage Relationships (RE01)
- Real Estate Brokers: Commissions & Types of Listing Agreements (RE02)
- Recording Acts (PPL09)
- Title mechanics of recording
- Recording outside the chain of title
- Instruments that are subject to the recording acts
- Recording Act protects parties
- Results of a failure to record
- Reforms in recording acts
- Inquiry Notice
- Title insurance - (with Deeds)
- Method of title assurance
- Imputed Knowledge
- Actual Notice
- Adequacy of Notice
- Constructive Notice
- Judicial Notice
- Implied Notice
- Imputed Notice
- Record Notice
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Property Laws and Telecoms
Global Intellectual Property Law Discuss the impact of Global Intellectual Property Law upon the Telecom industry and upon businesses. One of the most fundamental issues in today's society is intellectual property rights. These are basic trademarks which are used to protect the ideas and innovations of both individuals and firms. In the last several years, technology has made it easier for anyone to steal them with very little repercussions or enforcement. (Denton, 2011) Evidence of this can been seen with observations from Denton (2011) who said, "Intellectual property rights provide the foundation upon which innovation is shared, creativity encouraged and consumer trust reinforced. But the digital world poses a new challenge -- how to manage the balance when the consumer is the creator, when the marginal cost of copying is zero, when enforcement of existing law is extremely difficult, and when 'free' access to information and content is considered by…
Denton, A. (2011). Intellectual Property Rights. ITW. Retrieved from: http://www.itu.int/net/itunews/issues/2011/07/38.aspx
Gokhale, A. (2004). Introduction to Telecommunications. Normal, IL: Illinois State University Press.
Zhao, M. (2005). Conducting R&D in Countries with Weak Intellectual Property Rights Protections. Management Science, 52 (8), 1185 -- 1199.
Patent and Intellectual Property Law
egulation of Technology Many people have active disdain for governmental and other regulation when it comes to aspects of life. Whether it be speech, movement, where one can live, how one can travel and so forth, there are many regulations that just annoy and inconvenience a lot of people. One of those things would be technology. Many might pose the question as to whether technology should be regulated and to what degree. Many hold that the free market should get most of the sway when it comes to what happens and why. Other still say that intellectual property and patent rights when it comes to technology are just a boon for the rich and hurt the less advantaged. Even if there is some disagreement about the subject, the regulation of technology needs to be done on at least some levels and not having that regulation present would be a complete…
Falksen, G. (2010). The Tesla Tragedy. Tor.com. Retrieved 9 November 2015, from http://www.tor.com/2010/11/01/the-tesla-tragedy/
Hirschauge, O. (2015). Are Driverless Cars Safer Cars?. WSJ. Retrieved 9 November 2015, from http://www.wsj.com/articles/are-driverless-cars-safer-cars-1439544601
Jansen, B. (2015). FAA approves Amazon drone research again. USA TODAY. Retrieved 9 November 2015, from http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/2015/04/09/faa-amazon-drone-approval-prime-air/25534485/
Morrow, S. (2009). legalzoom.com. legalzoom.com. Retrieved 9 November 2015, from https://www.legalzoom.com/articles/patent-squatters-is-it-possible-to-patent-an-invention-that-everyones-been-using-for-years
Importance of Intellectual Property Law
intellectual property? Why is it called "intellectual" property? Why is intellectual property such an important issue for entrepreneurial firms? Intellectual property specifically refers to "creations of the mind" which are the protected work of an individual or an organization ("What is IP," 2015). These include "literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce" ("What is IP," 2015). Intellectual property enables people and companies to financially benefit from what they create even if it is not a physical product and to self-identify by a unique image in the marketplace. The concept is important for entrepreneurial firms whose bottom line is dependent upon the creation of new ideas such as inventions and new processes. IP is protected by patents, copyright, and trademarks ("What is IP," 2015). Identify and briefly describe the three types of patents. The first type of patent is called utility patient which is used…
Copyright basics. (2012). U.S. Copyright Office. Retrieved from:
Stim, R. (2015). Measuring Fair Use: The Four Factors. Nolo. Retrieved from:
Community Property Law Promote Equity
Also in the case of divorce, the spouses have to bear the responsibility of proving what all falls under community property for ensuring equitable distribution. Hence we can see that community property law is effective and promotes equity, but, there are certain wrinkles which need to be ironed out for ensuring that the law is followed fairly and justly. eferences Abts, Henry W. (2002) "The Living Trust: The Failproof Way to Pass Along Your Estate to Your Heirs..." McGraw-Hill Professional. Gregory, John DeWitt; ichards, Janet; Wolf, Sheryl L. (2003) "Property Division in Divorce Proceedings: A Fifty State Guide" Aspen Publishers Online. Lawyers Attorneys. (2007, May) "Community Property Law" etrieved 17 April, 2008 at http://legalcatch.wordpress.com/2007/05/22/community-property-law/ N.A. (2008) "Family Law - Divorce Law - Community property" etrieved 17 April, 2008 from http://family-law.freeadvice.com/divorce_law/1community_property.htm N.A. (2008) "Married Couples: Who Owns What?" etrieved 17 April, 2008 at http://www.nolo.com/article.cfm/pg/4/objectId/70F6390D-B251-4CA7-A0B734844FB69A31/catId/F251EA55-13A9-4EE0-85D21CEB27636030/309/298/AT/ N.A. (n. d.) "The Ins and Outs…
Abts, Henry W. (2002) "The Living Trust: The Failproof Way to Pass Along Your Estate to Your Heirs..." McGraw-Hill Professional.
Gregory, John DeWitt; Richards, Janet; Wolf, Sheryl L. (2003) "Property Division in Divorce Proceedings: A Fifty State Guide" Aspen Publishers Online.
Lawyers Attorneys. (2007, May) "Community Property Law" Retrieved 17 April, 2008 at http://legalcatch.wordpress.com/2007/05/22/community-property-law/
N.A. (2008) "Family Law - Divorce Law - Community property" Retrieved 17 April, 2008 from http://family-law.freeadvice.com/divorce_law/1community_property.htm
Property Chapter 1 Deals With
The delivery of the deed and the warranties of title are all notions being presented in this chapter. Chapter 11 discusses notions related to the title assurance, starting with the basic information pertaining to the recording system. The chapters introduces the basic, common law rule, which is that a grantee who was prior in time prevailed over one subsequent in time. The chapter continues by defining the several types of recording acts ("race" statutes, "notice" statutes, "race-notice" statues) and to the process of recordation, as well, as the effects of recordation and the requirements for this process. The second part of this chapter refers to title registration. This is a process that is separate from the recording system and is currently used only in a couple of states. This type of approach does bring several potential issues, mainly claims of defects in conclusiveness. This is argued both with the defect…
Property of Freedom in Property
Interestingly, the connection between private property ownership and political freedom developed in a roundabout way. As property owners grew richer from their commercial endeavors, the state sought to reap benefits via property taxation and this in turn helped to empower the people and Parliament. Pipes draws further connections between the evolution of the commonwealth, the British Empire, and burgeoning rights and freedoms for property owners. Chapter 4 addresses the history and evolution of property ownership in ussia. ussia's history is far different from that of England, especially with regards to property and its connection with individual rights and freedoms (or lack thereof, in the case of ussia). Pipes explains thoroughly the origin and impact of the patrimonial system in ussia, which established monarchs firmly as the property owners and precluded genuine private property ownership. Patrimony, ussian style, is clearly and simply defined as "the fusion of sovereignty and ownership," (p.…
Pipes, Richard. Property and Freedom. Vintage, 2000.
Property the Difficulty of Reforming
Although Daggett's proposal is harsh, the next governor should consider instating this measure, or a similar type of proposal. The reason for high property taxes in New Jersey is multifaceted. In theory, property taxes are supposed to be equal in the aggregate: "Equalization as between individual properties within a municipality is an ongoing function. It is an important concern since its aim is to stimulate a continuous striving to ensure each individual parcel of property bears its just share of the property tax burden," but the rise of high-cost properties in districts with a substantial middle class population have made this goal of proportionality elusive (Short and simple, 2009, NJSLOM). In recent years, the poor and middle class have assumed a disproportionately large burden of supporting local budgets relative to the value of their property in the state. hile a more equitable balancing of the tax burden by creating more…
Lu, Adrienne. (2009). Daggett says he'd cut N.J. property tax burden. Inquirer Trenton Bureau.
Retrieved October 4, 2009 at http://www.philly.com/philly/business/homepage/20090930_Daggett_says_he_d_cut_N_J__property_tax_burden.html
NY, NJ highest payers of property tax: Report ranks 775 counties by taxes paid; why are taxes increasing and what can you do about it? (2006, October 4). CNN Money.
Retrieved October 4, 2009 at http://money.cnn.com/2006/10/03/pf/property_taxes/index.htm
Laws Governing Business Entities Laws Governing Business
Laws Governing Business Entities Laws Governing Business Organizations Every business organization in a developed market is governed by laws, which are rather closely monitored to ensure the good fairing of the organization in the business market. Such laws provide for the standard form of the generally established legal entities in the worldwide economy. Such defined entities include, partnerships (general and limited), Limited Liability Company, cooperatives among others. This document outlines such laws and consequently defines their importance in performance of any organization or company established in a stable and developed business economy. Organization By-laws laws of most companies and organizations are articulated as below. This list provided below generalizes what is common and basic to most of the organizations or rather legal entities. Every business organization should specify its official name to ensure proper identification with the concerned legal authorities. Each company has its own specific name, which is considered…
Anders J. Persson. The Contract of Employment: Ethical Dimensions. Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 66, No. 4 (July, 2006), pp 407 -- 415.
Charles R. Geer. Counter cynical Hiring as a Staffing Strategy for Managerial and Professional Personnel: Some Considerations and Issues. The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 9, No. 2, (Apr., 1984), pp. 324 -- 330.
David E. Bowen, Gerald E. Ledford, Barry R. Nathan. Hiring for the organization not the job; The Executive, Vol. 5, No. 4 (November 1991), pp 35 -- 51.
Douglas Smith, Smith (1999). Company Law. United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis.
Law and the Legal Systems
11. The issued rose in this case is unauthorized use of a company vehicle, which resulted in an accident. Prater was told to bring the truck home over the weekend to work on the body only. His boss never gave him permission to use the truck for any other purpose. Besides, the insurance on the truck would probably only pay for the accident if it occurred on company time. Prater could be charged for stealing the truck and unauthorized use. The ruling in this case should be for the plaintiff. Prater should have to pay for the accident and repairs to the truck. Week 8 5. In this case, the city is still the rightful owner of the piece of restored artwork. It does not matter how long Hoeltzer had the artwork, it is still the property of the city. Therefore, the city has legal title to the artwork unless…
Laws and Corrections the Proposed
One of the additional oversights in the Proposed Consent Decree is that it does not address the sensitive matter of cell searches of two-person cells that are focused on one inmate. The cell search conducted by Officer Anderson and Sgt. Belker was conducted in an attempt to locate contraband cigarettes that had been sold by Joe Johnson; however, they were still able to search all of Jack Jones' materials. The Proposed Consent Decree is under-inclusive in that it does not make any mention of protecting the inmate who is not the target of the cell search. As it stands, it is still possible for the cell search to be conducted under the premise of implicating one of the inmates while instead focusing on a separate inmate. Ultimately, the Proposed Consent Decree fails to squarely address the situation, since it fails to protect the sheet of paper from being confiscated from…
Law Enforcement Is a Different
While it is a felony to flee the scene of an accident, a police office is ethically bound to report the issue if he himself is in such an accident. The same is with drunken and disorderly behavior or destruction of property. In "Choirboys" the police officers would congregate in a park after hours to engage in drunkenness, disorderly behavior and sexual orgies with women. And this park was supposed to be out of bounds and closed to the public after hours. Loyalty The introduction in this essay already alluded to the "blue wall of silence" that accompanies every police organization. This is an exclusive fraternity and officers are required to look after and out for each other. In fact, beat cops see themselves as removed from the detective squad, whom they refer to as suits. Certainly, most police hate the Internal affairs squad, though they were once beat cops…
BusinessWeek. (2004). Who will Fastow Implicate.
Retrieved April 22, 2008, at http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/jan2004/nf20040115_1433_db035.htm
Gilmartin, K.M., & Harris, J.J. (1998). Law Enforement Ethics: The Continuum of Compromise. Police Chief Magazine
Retrieved April 22, 2008, at http://www.rcmp-learning.org/docs/ecdd1222.htm
Law and Society
Law and Society Bowers v. Hardwick (1986) is a significant and highly controversial legal decision regarding Sodomy laws in which the U.S. Supreme Court by a 5-4 majority decision held that nothing in the Constitution "would extend a fundamental right to homosexuals to engage in acts of consensual sodomy." The decision meant that engaging in homosexual acts between consenting adults, even in the privacy of their homes, could be considered a criminal offence and the exercise of such law by certain states did not constitute a violation of one's fundamental rights or liberty under the Due Process Clause. The decision was incongruent with a number of court decisions on related matters and was widely considered to be a "mistake" by a number of jurists until it was finally struck down by the Supreme Court, 16 years later in Lawrence v Texas (2003). In this paper I shall discuss in the…
BOWERS v. HARDWICK, 478 U.S. 186 (1986). U.S. Supreme Court." Argued March 31, 1986. Decided June 30, 1986. FindLaw Website. April 4, 2004. http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?navby=search&court=U.S.&case=/us/478/186.html
GRISWOLD v. CONNECTICUT, 381 U.S. 479 (1965): U.S. Supreme Court." Argued March 29-30, 1965. Decided June 7, 1965 FindLaw Website. April 4, 2004. http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?navby=case&court=us&vol=381&invol=479
The right to be left alone
Law Enforcement Communications Interoperability of Emergency Service
Law Enforcement Communications Interoperability of Emergency Service Communications The number and scope of each individual emergency and public safety agency has resulted in an ad hoc patchwork of communication equipment. Routine daily needs within one agency for clear and concise communication fall short of readiness for large-scale emergencies involving either multiple services or jurisdictions. The current budgeting autonomy of each public service department has resulted in a many agencies with antiquated equipment, while others posses more modern tools, that may sufficiently serve current needs, yet is clearly inadequate for more common emergencies like large fires or traffic pile ups. However, interoperability, the capability to communicate across different gear, radio frequencies, and standardization, both limits and delays the response time, as well as effectiveness, of each individual. hen emergencies entail injuries and danger, timely command and communication of resources may be the difference between life and death. The video, "hy Can't…
U.S. Dept. Of Justice. (n.d.). Why Can't We Talk? When Lives Are At Stake. Retrieved 26 Oct., 2012, from Google Videos Web site: http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-6455322945171664950&hl=en
Law Enforcement - Dubious Value
Moreover, the risks posed by felons with known propensities (or stated intentions) to respond violently to law enforcement apprehension efforts are usually subject to judicially approved no-knock arrest warrants; therefore, they can be excepted from this particular element of analysis. However, a subject who is forewarned of officers' intention to breach his home's entrance by the amount of time required by knock and announce standards presents the worst case scenario for all involved: he may be insufficiently startled to preclude any response on his part in the manner of a subject who is completely surprised (or fast asleep) at the moment of entry; but he may have just enough time to reach reflexively for stowed or secreted weapon while at the same time being deprived of sufficient reaction time and/or cognitive awareness to perceive the inadvisability of doing so under the circumstances, with deadly results. Stated very simply, a startled…
Law of Demand States That
2). With certain luxury goods, the reverse of the law of demand holds true: the higher the price, the greater the perception of quality. A pair of Seven jeans or a pair of Sears jeans can be equally functional as clothing: but the greater social status given to the brand-name, designer jeans results in a higher price and greater demand for Seven jeans (Elasticity, 2009, Spark Notes, p.1). High prices can have a 'signaling' effect, justified or not, that the item is especially socially desirable or of higher quality (Thomas et al. 2004). High prices can also act as a form of screening of a 'certain type of customer:' the high rents in the Hamptons ensure that only very wealthy people can afford to rent or buy property in the area, making property in the region desirable because of its high price, although many other nice, seaside towns may be…
Elasticity. (2009). Spark Notes. Retrieved January 14, 2009 at http://www.sparknotes.com/economics/micro/elasticity/section1.html
Thomas, Manoj, Vicki G. Morwitz & Leonard M. Lodish. (2004, January 24). When do higher prices increase demand? The dual role of price in consumers' value judgments. Wharton.
University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved January 14, 2009 at http://marketing.wharton.upenn.edu/documents/research/When_do_higher_prices_increase_demand_2004.pdf
Law Enforcement - Physical Security
Specifically, perimeter security requires protocols for continuous monitoring of the entire perimeter, especially in conjunction with responding to potential breaches in any given sector (McGee 2006). Grounds and perimeter security also requires scenario-based training in conjunction with non-security-related emergency procedures. Specifically, periodic emergency drills involving building tenants and personnel may present a vulnerability where grounds and perimeter security procedures are not equipped to accommodate larger than normal volumes of foot traffic, such as typically associated with fire drills. Optimal grounds and perimeter security protocols must include procedures for accommodating the increased traffic necessitated by non-security-related emergency drills without compromising general grounds and perimeter security considerations. For the same reason, information detailing emergency drill schedules must be protected from unauthorized access or unnecessary dissemination in advance (Larson 2007). Technological Advances: The primary technological advances in physical facility, building, grounds, and perimeter security relate to computerization of relevant security information and its…
Larsen, R.J. (2007) Our Own Worst Enemy: Asking the Right Questions About Security to Protect You, Your Family, and America. New York: Grand Central Publishing
McGee, J. (2006) International Special Events; FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, Vol. 75, No. 1. (pp.10-18).
Reed. B. (2008) Future Technology in Law Enforcement; FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, Vol. 77, No. 5. (pp.15-21).
Will and Estates Law in Australia
Australian Property and Trust Law The objective of this study is to examine a specific scenario. That scenario involves the writer of this work as solicitor for the Goldstone City Council, a fictional authority in Queensland, Australia and head of the property law division of the Council under the direction of the Head Legal Counsel. The Head Legal Counsel has asked the writer to provide a written response to her in regards to the following matter: In 2014, a wealthy local citizen, Mr. obert Kennedy, died. Clause 5 of his Will provides: "I GIVE AND BEQUEATH the sum of FIVE HUNDED THOUSAND DOLLAS ($500,000.00) to my trustee, the said James Stewart, to establish a fund for the intercultural education of my grandchildren within the Asia-Pacific region AND I DECLAE that the fund so created shall be utilized towards the costs of travel and accommodation within that region and the costs…
Preece, AA (2000) The Impact of the Law of Inheritance on the Family. Paper delivered at the 7th Australian Institute of Family Studies. Conference Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Darling Harbor Sydney, 24-26 July 2000. Retrieved from: http://www.aifs.gov.au/conferences/aifs7/preece.pdf
Types of Testamentary Trusts (nd) Moores. Retrieved from: http://www.moores.com.au/images/uploads/files/Types_of_Testamentary_Trusts.pdf
Wills and the Legal Effects of Changed Circumstances (2010) Alberta Law Reform Institute. Edmonton, Alberta. Retrieved from: http://www.law.ualberta.ca/alri/docs/fr098.pdf
Wills: The Anti-Lapse Rule: Supplementary Report to the Standing Committee of Attorneys General. National Committee for Uniform Succession Laws. Retrieved from: http://www.qlrc.qld.gov.au/reports/r61.pdf
Gilbert's Summaries Contracts the Law
Not all offense levels are entitled to a jury trial and each jurisdiction has its own standard in this regard. As a general rule, however, any offense involving the possibility of incarceration as a sanction is entitled to the benefit of a jury trial. This same standard is applicable, as well, to the right of every defendant to be represented by counsel. In all cases, regardless of the seriousness of the offense, the rules of criminal procedure grant the defendant the right to confront any and all witnesses involved in the formation of the charges against him. This right includes the right to cross-examine all such witnesses and to require their attendance at trial through the use of a subpoena. The distinguishing factor that separates criminal trials from civil ones is the burden of proof. Criminal Procedure in all U.S. jurisdictions requires that guilt in the criminal court is based…
Canadian Business and the Law Does Canada
Canadian Business and the Law Does Canada have too much business law? This is paper is based on the Canadian business law and all the information so mentioned are related to the book titled "Canadian Business and the Law" which is written by authors Dorothy DuPlessis, Steven Enman, Sally Gunz and Shannon O'Byrne. This text forms the single source of reference for this study. Two topics will be discussed based on what this paper is about, and they will include; the most important aspects of the Canadian legal system for businesses operating there and secondly the relationship between business ethics and the law in business in the Canadian context. Important aspects of the Canadian legal system for business It is always an important topic when discussing about doing business in Canada; the legal system has a very huge impact on commerce in the country and generally it influences on how…
DuPlessis D., Enman S., Gunz S., O'Byrne S., (2011), Canadian Business and the Law, Nelson Education Ltd., pp 5-110
Business Law the Paris Convention Is One
Business Law The Paris convention is one of the Intellectual Property Treaties administered by World International Property Organization (WIPO). It was first signed in Paris in 1883 by 11 countries to provide international harmonizing and streamlining of intellectual property laws. It has been revised many times and its current language includes patents, trademarks and industrial designs. Major fundamental principles of the treaty include (World International Property Organization, 2013); Anti-discrimination policy: each member country is obliged to give other member country nationals, the same protection and advantages it gives to its nationals. Framework of priority: an invention can be protected from the same point, in time in various countries. The patent applicants are granted the date of their first filling; as the active application date for the patent applications in all member countries, for up to 12 months after filling the original application. Berne Convention; it is also referred to as…
World International Property Organization, (2013). Paris Convention
for the Protection of Industrial Property. Retrieved September 3, 2013 from http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/paris/trtdocs_wo020.html
The United States Patent and Trademark Office, (2013). Madrid Protocol. Retrieved September 3, 2013 from http://www.uspto.gov/trademarks/law/madrid/index.jsp
Cornel University Law School, (2013). Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (Paris Text 1971). Retrieved September 3, 2013 from http://www.law.cornell.edu/treaties/berne/5.html
Ethical and Legal Considerations Intellectual property and product'safety
Business operations are deemed viable of they succeed in establishing conditions that guarantee safety for its product consumers. Specified standards are applied by business entities to attain such viability. These considerations are critical in product safety, intellectual property, and marketing in general. If a company or business entity violates any of the aspects mentioned, it stands a high risk being caught in a web of ethical and legal complications that might destroy it. PhamaCARE finds itself in such a precarious predicament owing to its blatant violation of a number of legal and ethical standards. There were both ethical and legal problems that impacted on its clients and businesses. Investigating behavior is paramount in uncovering issues related to legal and ethical problems of any business entity. Pursuant to the scenario above, identify three (3) legal issues and problems PharmaCARE has in relation to marketing and advertising, intellectual property, and regulation of…
Crimes against Property
The common characteristics of all property crimes Property crime can encompass aspects of burglary, theft, or motor vehicle theft and this also includes attempted as well as completed crimes. In accordance to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (2010), property crime comprises of the wrongdoings of motor vehicle theft, larceny-theft, burglary, as well as, arson. In particular, the object of the theft-kind transgressions encompasses the taking of money or property, however with the lack of force or threat of force against the victims. Imperatively, the property crime classification takes into account arson for the reason that the offense consists of the destruction of property. Nonetheless, arson victims may be subjected to force. There are two crime measures in the United States with regard to crimes against property. One is the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) by the Bureau of Justice Standards (BJS), which encompasses reported and unreported crime from the perspective…
Real Property Is Often Restricted
(California EPA Land Use Regulations and Covenants NP) Without such covenants and restriction there is a clear sense that ignorance would drive selfish decisions about property use that could have lasting effects on the property and the whole region. Thomas Jefferson, would have been unlikely to have experienced the extreme nature of environmental devastation that can be caused by overuse or poor use of land and property. In Jefferson's time questions regarding individual rights were the questions of the day. Questions regarding how toxic substances leech into groundwater was limited to urban human waste not complicated chemical agents. Additionally, there is a clear sense that individuals and agencies are far more informed today about environmental issues and their long-term impacts on the earth than ever before. This information and the abuse of it has broad implications on the earth as well as future planning and development. One example of the…
Glossary of Real Estate Abbreviations, Terms and Phrases, http://www.texasbest.com/real_estate_info/REglossary.html#C
California EPA Department of Toxic Substance Control LAND USE COVENANTS REGULATIONS, http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/SiteCleanup/upload/SMBRP_FS_LUCREGS.pdf
Property Law for Dummies, http://www.lucs.org/files/UECA.pdf
Threats to Copyright and Ownership of Intellectual Property
Threats to Ownership and Copyright of Intellectual Property The intellectual property (IP) is defined as an original creative work, which may be tangible or intangible form legally protected by law. (aman, 2004). The intellectual properties include the rights to scientific, artistic and literary works. Moreover, IP covers the invention of human endeavor, scientific discoveries, and industrial design. A current revolution of information technology has made IPs the greatest assets of assets. In the last few decades, there has been a rapid growth of digital discoveries where the IPs of the digital products are in electronic format. However, hackers have taken the advantages of the digital form of IP products by invading and stealing their IP in order to produce the counterfeited products and later sell them online. (Zucker, & Nathan, 2014). IP theft refers to an infringement of patents and copyright through counterfeiting of digital theft. Counterfeiting is an imitation…
Barker, D. M., (2005). Defining the Contours of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act: The Growing Body of Case Law Surrounding the DMCA, 20 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 47.
Guess, R., Hadley, J., Lovaas, S., & Levine, D.E. (2014). Protecting digital rights: Technical approaches. In Bosworth, et al. (Eds.), Computer Security Handbook (6th ed., pp. 42.1-42.23). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
IP Center (2011). Intellectual Property Rights Violations: A Report on Threats to United States Interests at Home and Abroad. National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center.
NIPRCC (2011). Intellectual Property Rights Violations: A Report on Threats to United States Interests at Home and Abroad .National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center.
Law and Business When Glenn
During this Diaspora, the African Slave Trade transferred 9-12 million people from one continent to another with major repercussions on cultural and political traditions in the New World. There have been a number of modern Diasporas based on the post-Cold War world in which huge populations of refugees migrated from conflict, especially from developing countries (Southeast Asia, China, Afghanistan, Iran, Latin America, South American, Rwanda, etc.). Part 1.2.1 - Civil Law is a legal system inspired by Ancient Roman law. In Civil law, laws are written into a codified collection that is a group of ideas and systems that work in tandem to help organize societies without the need for judicial interpretation. Overall, civil law is in place to formulate general principles and to distinguish substantive rules from procedural rules, and is based on the tenet that legislation is the primary source of law. Conceptually, civil law is a group…
Properties of Light
Properties of Light Light is one of the most basic physical phenomena. It is observed by most people on a daily basis, and even people who lack formal understanding of the properties of light have some understanding of its properties. For example, most people have seen mirrors, rainbows, and know that glasses can improve vision, though they may not understand that reflection of light explains how mirrors work, that dispersion explains the formation of a rainbow, or that refraction of light is used to form optic lenses. This paper will describe the various properties of light and explain how it acts in various mediums. It will discuss: the nature of light, which is a particular but behaves like a wave; color; velocity; refractive index; reflection; refraction; dispersion; total internal reflection; diffraction; and interference. Taken together, these various properties help explain how light functions. Light is a form of electromagnetic radiation.…
Nelson, Stephen. "Properties of Light: Reflection, Refraction, Dispersion, and Refractive
Indices." Tulane University. N.p. 29 Oct. 2002. Web. 12 Nov. 2012.
Physics Planet. "Properties of Light." Physics Planet. N.p. 12 Nov. 2012. Web. 12 Nov. 2012.
Trevor-Jones, Andrew. "The Properties of Light." Reefkeeping Magazine. N.p. 2008. Web.
Law That There Must Be
" In this case the part of Dozey was complete as he had recovered the cat, and was in the process of returning the cat to the owner Cindy. By the logic of the Carbolic smoke ball case the contract was complete and Cindy could not withdraw the offer and therefore was bound to pay the sum. Thus the revocation even in the newspaper may not have much significance because it would not have been complete against Dozey as per the Carlil case. Secondly in the instant case Cindy tells Dozey that the offer is withdrawn after he has performed his part of the offer. Therefore the revocation did not happen because the conditions of the offer have been fulfilled before revocation and hence Cindy would have to honour the offer. eferences E-Law esources. "Dickinson v Dodds (1876) 2 Ch D. 463." etrieved 8 November, 2012 from http://e-lawresources.co.uk/Dickinson-v-Dodds.php England and…
E-Law Resources. "Dickinson v Dodds (1876) 2 Ch D. 463." Retrieved 8 November, 2012
England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions. "Carlill v. Carbolic Smoke
Ball Company   2 QB 484 EWCA Civ 1. Royal Courts of Justice. 7th December 1892 Before: LORD JUSTICE BOWEN, LORD JUSTICE LINDLEY, LORD JUSTICE a.L. SMITH." Retrieved 8 November, 2012 from http://www.bailii.org/ew/cases/EWCA/Civ/1892/1.html
Law in China
China The current state of the Chinese legal system is in flux. To instate a system similar to that in the United States or Western Europe means undoing thousands of years of cultural norms. Confucianism and Communism are currently entwined to influence the ways disputes have been settled. Mounting pressure to develop a "fair and transparent framework of laws" stems directly from the fact that China is inextricably engaged with foreign businesses that need the rule of law in order to operate efficiently and effectively in the Middle Kingdom. Economic development is prompting overhauls of China's key political and social institutions: and the judiciary is one of the most fundamental such institutions to receive attention. Although some progress has been made already and continues to be made, it is slow and sometimes painful. As the PBS Wide Angle series presents, "the transformation" of China's judiciary from a traditional Confucian/Communist one…
"The Legal System in China." World Savvy Monitor. June 2008. Retrieved online: http://worldsavvy.org/monitor/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=113&Itemid=176
"The People's Court." PBS Wide Angle. 11 July 2011. Retrieved online: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/episodes/the-peoples-court/introduction/162/
Law Clerk's legal Analysis of Landlord and tenant
Part 1 One of the key issues that landlords together with property managers face is the issue of whether to return the security deposit subsequent to evicting a tenant. It is imperative to note that a tenant that is evicted does not automatically lose the security deposit that he or she paid at the start of the lease agreement. The clause that the firm’s client is considering inserting into a lease is allowable. The tenant has a general right to be given back the security paid at the start of the less with interest, less any damages that are rightfully withheld within a period of 45 days of leaving the property. This is imperative because the tenant is allowed to sue up to three times in terms of damages and attorney’s fees. However, in effect of being evicted from the premises, this particular provision is not applicable to the tenant.…
Law Help Protect the Environment and What
law help protect the environment and what steps can citizens take to ensure that the law accomplishes this goal? Protection of the environment is important for our health, but humans affect the system through various means such as through polluting water and atmosphere with toxic gasses, with oil, with car fuels, and with debris that is plunked into the waters as well as depleting the fisheries and filling the air with smog and the earth with pollution. It is for this reason that legislation is put into effect to curb our destruction and to teach us how to look after the environment in better ways. The state employs its own regulations, but it needs a synthesis of both state, business and citizen involvement to safeguard the environment, and motivation from both business and citizen is not always forthcoming. The following essay discusses policies that have been implemented to help protect…
Amos, W. (2011) Development of Canadian Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling: Lessons from the Gulf of Mexico RECIEL 20 (1)
British Columbia v. Canadian Forest Products Ltd.,  2 S.C.R. 74, 2004 SCC 38
Bruce, JP (2011) Protecting Groundwater: The Invisible but Vital Resource C.D. Howe Institute
DeMarco, Jerry V;Valiante, Marcia;Bowden, Marie-Ann (2005) Opening the Door for Common Law Environmental Protection in Canada Journal of Environmental Law and Practice 15, 2
Laws and Court Decisions Related
Another case illustrates how important proper investigation can be to the outcome of a case. Various authors cite the case of a fire in a home that killed two children. The children's mother had left them in the care of her boyfriend, who left them alone and left the residence. A small fire was seen burning outside the home after he left. The authors note, "The suspect was arrested and charged with arson and murder. Law enforcement authorities claimed that accelerant was detected on the suspect's clothes and in fire debris sampled outside the dwelling" (Various authors, 2003, p. 127). In fact, the accelerant found outside the home was completely different from that found on the suspect, (which was gasoline), and eventually the charges were dropped. The defendant worked as an automobile mechanic, which explained the presence of gasoline on his clothing. This indicates how a botched investigation can lead…
Bellilse, M. (2007). Moore avoids death penalty with plea bargain. Retrieved 24 Feb. 2009 from the Reno Gazette Journal Web site: http://www.rgj.com/article/20070119/NEWS/70119007 .
Drake, J. (2001, February 20). Arson unit's powers stripped. The Washington Times, p. 1.
Editors. (2009). Arson. Retrieved 24 Feb. 2009 from the Insurance Information Institute Web site: http://www.iii.org/media/hottopics/insurance/test1/ .
Lynch, P.A. (2007). Michigan court recognizes rule that arson cases can be proven. Retrieved 24 Feb. 2009 from the Interfire.org Web site: http://www.interfire.org/features/legalview.asp?date=12142007 .
Law Enforcement Response and Other Family Violence Related Crimes
Federal and State Legislation Domestic Violence Legislation at the Federal and State Level Domestic violence is considered any violent act taken against someone involved in an intimate or family relationship (Eulich, 2013). It is a serious problem with countless victims each year. In 1994, Congress passed the United States Crime Bill which gave power to the federal government to help combat domestic violence, in particular violence against women and children. Specifically, the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) was created to address this problem which is considered to not only hurt victims, but also damage families, children and society as a whole (Eulich, 2013). The Act mandates that such crimes may be prosecuted by the Department of Justice and that the Gun Control Act (that existed as part of the federal Crime Bill) be extended to include issues related to domestic violence crimes. This VAWA gives the federal government a platform…
Eulich, W. (2013, February 13). In U.S., big strides in reducing domestic violence. Christian Science Monitor. p. N.PAG.
Law and Society Are Intertwined and How
law and society are intertwined, and how social conflict can actually aid in creating criminology. I also have a much deeper understanding of the many different theories on criminology and society, and how each of them has merit, at least in one form or another. Just about all of this information was new to me because sociology is not my strongest interest, and yet the information here was informative and interesting. I did not know there were so many different perspective theories pertaining to the legal and criminology community, and I did not know the ideas of each one. I knew that Marxist philosophy and criminology had many commonalities, but I did not know the extent of them until I read this chapter. I also did not know about "radical" criminology. It was surprising to me that so many criminologists have studied these social causes of crime, and made such…
Chapter Nine: Sociological Theories III: Social Conflict.
Chapter Eleven: Crimes Against Property.
Law and Economics
life we are always faced with situations where the rights on one individual overlap those of another, causing a legal conflict that is often decided upon in the court of law. In many cases, these are private rights, but we are sometimes in a situation when the rights delimitation is imposed by the government, as is the case with the tobacco industry and smoking regulations and delimitations. The problem with smoking in public places bares much resemblance in Canada, Europe or the United States. The right of smoking individuals to smoke in public places was gradually and constantly diminished to the degree that nowadays smoking in restaurants, offices or any closed locations. The movement against smoking in public places seems to have started in Canada in the early 1990s, when the City of Toronto emitted a series of by-laws, referred to as The Workplace Smoking y-law. This law "requires all…
1. H. Demsetz, "Toward a Theory of Property Rights," American Economic Review, Vol.57 (May, 1967).
2. R.Coase, "The Problem of Social Cost," Journal of Law and Economics, Vol.3 (October 1960).
3. Impact of Workplace Smoking Restriction - Compliance Issues. On the Internet at http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hecs-sesc/tobacco/facts/workplace/part3_compliance.html
Impact of Workplace Smoking Restriction - Compliance Issues. On the Internet at
Law Enforcement Is Not an
The officer can even help a community organize a neighborhood watch. A policeman must show that he or she is part of the community, not an adversarial pressure upon the community. The police oppose criminals and crime, not all civilians: this must be communicated clearly in the officer's demeanor and manner. Not all of the individuals a policeman encounters are potential defendants. The officer's ability to function depends on his or her qualities of sensitivity and intelligence, rather than enforcement principles alone: a policeman must be able to mediate between two warring neighbors, give aid to a victim after a crime, and know how to preserve a crime scene so that valuable evidence can be collected. Even when dealing with a suspect, a police officer may need to use various levels of force to act in a just fashion: when apprehending a suspect who is nervous and not likely to…
Law in Schools
Trenton School The environment at School1, were I am employed revolves around the many different standards of behavior and conduct. While much of this conduct is derived by local customs and habits, the imposing of law and order also significantly contributes to what is and what is not allowed. The purpose of this essay is to explore the relationship with both state and federal laws and School 1. This essay will explore the law and its applications to my school by examining key points and relevant issues related to these interactions. Background Of Trenton School District It is important to understand the starting point of this discussion in order to see the bigger influences that state and local governments have on the school district. According to the districts website, the mission of this school district is " All students will graduate with a vision for their futures, motivated to learn…
Laws and International Trade
Intrenational Business Governing Language Governing Law and Forum Selection Arbitration Boilerplate Language in International Contracts USA-Brazil Trade: ules of Trade Other Important Agreement and Laws Governing U.S. and Brazilian Trade Comparison of Arbitration in South Carolina and Brazil Conflicts arising out of contracts between international trading parties are on the increase with the rise and increase in international business and international trade. The courts that would hear and decide matters related to business conflicts between trading partners would look to the express terms of the contract as well as the applicable law within which the contracts have been formed and agreed upon by the two parties belonging to two different countries when one party considers the other party's actions to be a breach of the contract. The legal contract and the contents of the contract would be the basis on which courts would decide in arbitration cases and in cases…
Ahmadi, Maryam, and Leila Ahmadi. 'Intellectual Property Rights Of Nanobiotechnology In Trade Related Aspects Of Intellectual Property Rights Agreement (TRIPS)'. j bionanosci 6.1 (2012): 56-64. Web.
Bacc-ga.chambermaster.com,. 'News - Brazilian-American Chamber Of Commerce Of The Southeast (BACC-SE)'. N.p., 2015. Web. 3 Nov. 2015.
Bahmani-Oskooee, Mohsen, Hanafiah Harvey, and Scott W. Hegerty. 'Brazil -- "U.S. Commodity Trade And The J-Curve'. Applied Economics 46.1 (2013): 1-13. Web.
Berger, Klaus Peter. Private Dispute Resolution In International Business. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2006. Print.
Law of Christ
ender to Ceasar the Things That Are Ceasars ender unto the Caesar the Things that are Caesar's "ender unto Caesar what belong to the Caesars" is the beginning a phrase ascribed to Jesus in the synoptic gospel, which fully reads, "ender unto the Caesar what are Caesar's, and unto God what belong to God." This phrase has been a widely quoted and controversial summary on the relationship between the contemporary secular authorities and Christianity. The origin of this message was from the response posted to a question on how lawful it was for the Jews to pay taxes to the Caesar. This phrase gave rise to all possible and multifaceted interpretations (obert & Miller 1995, 421) concerning the conditions under which it could appear desirable for Christians to earthily commit themselves to earthly authorities. All the three synoptic gospels elicit a group of hostile questioners who tried to trick Jesus…
Alfred, Luis & Tennyson, Maurice. (1994). Not in vain the distance beacons: Singing hymns of the living tradition. Boston: Beacon Press.
Anne, Sidneys & Desmond, Elias. (1993). Titus silence and courage: Income taxes, war and Mennonites. MCC Occasional Paper, 16: 34-39.
Brown, Levis & John, Derrick. (1839). The law of Christ respecting civil obedience, especially in the payment of tribute. London: William Ball.
Calvin, Huningtone., George, Festus & Kennedy, Moreno. (1986). The Prophet-hood of all believers. Boston: Beacon Press.
Law Enforcement Priorities and Public Sector Leadership
Undocumented Immigrants in Gainesville The city of Gainesville has a population of about 54,000 and of these, approximately 3,200 are illegal aliens. The law enforcement community in this city is charged with protecting these undocumented aliens on the one hand and enforcing illegal immigrant laws on the other. To the extent that undocumented residents are afraid that the police will enforce the latter may be the extent to which they are discouraged from seeking help from the law enforcement community when they need it, exacerbating existing crime levels. Conversely, the extent to which law enforcement authorities fail to enforce illegal immigration laws may be the extent to which they are viewed as being malfeasant in the prosecution of their official duties. To determine the optimal course of action for law enforcement authorities faced with these conflicting priorities, this paper reviews the relevant literature including a discussion of so-called "sanctuary cities"…
Armajani, B. (2007, August). What transformational leaders do. Government Finance Review, 23(4), 79-83.
Bahn, S. (2013, April 1). Transformational leaders? The pivotal role that supervisors play in safety culture. International Journal of Training Research, 11(1), 17-21.
Bambale, A. & Jaafaru, S. F. (2012, May 1). Servant leadership as employee-organization approach for performance of employee citizenship behaviors in the Nigeria's electric power sector. Journal of Marketing and Management, 3(1), 1-5.
Berger, T. A (2014, Fall). Servant Leadership 2.0: A call for strong theory. Sociological Viewpoints, 30(1), 146-150.
Laws Governing Taxation Have Long
..individuals are taxed in their total annual income minus their net new additions to savings, which equals annual consumption (eiler). Both forms of consumption tax are not without their troubles and for the most part there is no consensus on the benefits of either alternative. Overall, the quest to reform the current system of taxation rages on. It will be very difficult to reform the current progressive tax system of because it is so steeped in bureaucracy and tradition. Conclusion The purpose of this discussion was to examine the progressive income tax. e found that the this tax system operates by taxing a certain percentage of individual income excluding certain deductibles. The investigation detailed the history of progressive taxation and clearly defines progressive taxation. The investigation revealed that the implementation of such taxation was controversial since its inception which came as a result of an amendment to the constitution. In…
Boyd T. 2002. Guide to the Tax Act of 2001: The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001. Review of Business. Volume: 23. Issue: 1. Page Number: 33+.
Creedy J., Gemmell N. 2002. The Revenue Responsiveness of Consumption Taxes. Contributors: - author. Journal Title: Economic Record. Volume: 78. Issue: 241. Page Number: 186+.
Fougere M.., Ruggeri Giuseppe C. 1998. Flat Taxes and Distributional Justice. Review of Social Economy. Volume: 56. Issue: 3. Page Number: 277+.
Fratantuono Michael J. The Great Tax Wars: Lincoln to Wilson -- the Fierce Battles over Money and Power That Transformed the Nation. Contributors: - author. Journal Title: Parameters. Volume: 33. Issue: 4. Publication Year: 2003. Page Number: 168+.
Innovative Methods for Obtaining Funding for a Law Enforcement Organization
Law Enforcement Funding Police departments, along with other urgent and vital agencies like fire departments and other public safety divsions, enjoy the luxury of being among the last departments to be cut when funding is tight due to the necessity of keeping fire and crime prevention agencies in full effect. That being said, police departments can absolutely use other means other than tax dollars to fund their efforts, and often at the expense of criminals. While there can be limits, it is entirely possible and practical to fund police activities and duties without using public dollars and many are already in full effect in many departments. One quick and easy to fund police activities is to seize assets used in the commission of felonious behavior and auction it off to the highest bidder. The proceeds can then be used to fund police activities. Examples of items that can be seized…
O'Brien, Tim. "Speeding ticket plea plan on fast track." Times Union. N.p., 23 Jan. 2013. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. .
O'Matz, Meagan. "Cops. Cash. Cocaine. How Sunrise police make millions selling drugs. - Sun Sentinel." Sun Sentinel. N.p., 29 Nov. 2013. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. .
Petke, Craig. "Fleets of sleek new police cruisers roll in to replace Crown Vic." Central Kentucky News. N.p., 28 June 2013. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. .
U S Laws Americans Have Been Gathering Together
U.S. Laws Americans have been gathering together to make laws since the colonial times. This process is continued today in order to maintain a well-regulated society. Even though specific procedures for creating law have developed over time, democratic law-making remains marked by a necessitate to have the approval of the people, a system of checks and balances, and public policy elasticity matched to the problems of time and place (Bakken, n.d.). This everyday law-making process is part of a historical development that is English in origin. When English colonists in colonial America put into practice the law-making heritage that they brought with them, they made definite changes to suit their new surroundings. The King of England granted charters to individual landowners and joint stock companies of entrepreneurs for the various colonies affording varying degrees of law-making power, but all English colonists had law without current charters and colonial statutes. They…
Bakken, G.M. (n.d.). The Creation of Law in a Democratic Society. Retrieved from http://www.ait.org.tw/infousa/zhtw/DOCS/Demopaper/dmpaper5.html
Common Law. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.answers.com/topic/common-law
Description and History of Common Law. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.radford.edu/~junnever/law/commonlaw.htm
Role and Functions of Law in Business
ole and Functions of Law in Business and Society The relevance of law and order in both business and society cannot be overstated. In this text, I address both the functions as well as the role of law in business and society. In so doing, I will also state the primary role played by law in my present job industry. In basic terms, law permeates almost every facet of our daily lives. To properly highlight the role law plays in business and society, there is a need to first define the term law. It is important to note from the onset that law as a term does not have an assigned definition. In that regard, scholars and legal experts have over time attempted to define law by floating various definitions of the same. One of those who have attempted to define law is William Blackstone. According to Mann and oberts…
Mann, R. & Roberts, B.S. (2012). Essentials of Business Law and the Legal Environment (11th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning
Melvin, S.P. (2011). The legal environment of business: A managerial approach: Theory to Practice. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Functions of Due Process in the Criminal Law System
Criminal Law Due Process Due process is an essential guarantee of basic fairness for citizens based on law. It has two basic goals; to produce accurate results through fair procedure to prevent wrongful deprivation of interests and to make people feel the government treated them fairly by listening to their side of the story (Procedural Due Process). Due process requires fair procedures when governments take actions against citizens, whether it is the federal government or a state government that is taking action. Due process is divided into two categories, substantive due process and procedural due process (Due Process of Law - Substantive due Process, Procedural Due Process, Further Reading, 2013). Substantive law creates, defines, and regulates rights. Substantive due process makes the laws that give rights to citizens by due processes. Procedural law enforces those rights or seeks redress for violation of those rights. Evidence presented against a citizen will…
Criminal Procedure. (2010, August 19). Retrieved from Cornell University Law School: http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/criminal_procedure
Due Process of Law - Substantive due Process, Procedural Due Process, Further Reading. (2013). Retrieved from JRank: http://law.jrank.org/pages/6315/Due-Process-Law.html
Fifth Amendment. (n.d.). Retrieved from Cornell University Law School: http://www.law.cornell.edu/we/fifth_amendment
Procedural Due Process. (n.d.). Retrieved from University of Missouri: http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/proceduraldueprocess.html
Stand Your Ground Law 'Stand Your Ground'
Stand Your Ground Law 'Stand your ground' laws To inform tand your ground' laws are extremely controversial pieces of legislation. Attention-getter: 'A man's home is his castle.' How often have we heard this phrase? This concept is at the foundation of the right to defend yourself by using deadly force against an intruder who invades your home. However, recent laws have expanded the 'castle doctrine' and other, existing self-defense laws. Many of these new laws are called 'stand your ground' laws, the most liberal of which exists in Florida. It is important to gain a historical perspective on 'stand your ground' laws to understand the controversy tand your ground' laws are extremely polarizing pieces of legislation. Credibility statement: My interest in this topic arose during the George Zimmerman murder trial, in which Zimmerman (a member of a neighborhood watch) was accused of killing an unarmed teenager named Trayvon Martin. Zimmerman…
Block, M. (2012). A history of 'stand your ground' laws. NPR. Retrieved from:
Botelho, G. & Yan, H. (2013). George Zimmerman found not guilty of murder in Trayvon
Martin's death. CNN. Retrieved: http://www.cnn.com/2013/07/13/justice/zimmerman-trial/index.html
Wills Outline of Gilbert Law
E. Revival of revoked wills. In most cases, a revoked will is not revivable unless it is reexecuted or revived by codicil; however, if a revoked will was destroyed, it cannot be revived in this fashion. F. Dependent relative revocation. These are mistakes of law made by the testator concerning the disposition of property that can be disregarded in the administration of a will. Components of a Will A. Integration. This term refers to the collation of various sheets of paper into a cohesive whole which constitutes a single, entire will which is executed via a single act. B. Incorporation by reference. A majority of states allow documents that were not integrated into the single, entire will to receive the same force and effect by referencing them in the will. C. Facts of independent significance. This term refers to the description of intended beneficiaries or bequests in a will that…
Zoning Laws and Disabilities
Open Fence The objective of this study is to research cases in which U.S. citizens were denied their right to privacy and safety by either a city or country within their own property line by being told what type of fence they either can or erect in their own yard to ensure safety and privacy and where this decision was overturned in the favor of the city. The case in question involves a realtor who assured a new homebuyer that they could erect a fence that was similar to other wood fences in the neighborhood. The California Codes: Health and Safety Code Section 115920-115929 states that swimming pool fencing enclosures on pools in residential areas are required to have the following characteristics: (a) Any access gates through the enclosure open away from the swimming pool, and are self-closing with a self-latching device placed no lower than 60 inches above the…
Fleming & Curti (2001) American with Disabilities Act Overrides Local Zoning Rules. Elder Law Issues, 5 Nov 2001. Vol. 9, No. 19. Retrieved from: http://www.elder-law.com/2001/Issue919.html
Fences (nd) City of Redding California. Development Services Department. Retrieved from: http://www.ci.redding.ca.us/pmtctr/graphics/planningPDF/pln111.pdf
Standler, R. (1997) Privacy Law in the United States. Retrieved from: http://www.rbs2.com/privacy.htm
California Codes: Health and Safety Code (nd) Section 115920-115929. Retrieved from: http://www.cdph.ca.gov/HealthInfo/environhealth/water/Documents/RecHealth/SwimmingPoolSafetyAct.pdf
Contract Law Voidable Contracts
VOIDABLE CONTRACTUnit 3 A1: Mutual AgreementFrom the onset, it would be prudent to note that a voidable contract could be conceptualized as an agreement whose enforceability, from a legal standpoint, could be affected by several reasons or factors (Turner 137). The said reasons, according to Turner, could be inclusive of, but they are not limited to; undue influence, duress, mistake, misrepresentation, fraud, etc. (137). There are numerous voidable contract cases that have been heard and determined in the past. One such case happens to be einberg v. Baharav, 553 S..3d 131 (2018). In essence, this particular case leans on duress and undue influence.According to Blum, in the case highlighted above, einberg alleged that he had been induced to enter into an agreement to pay investors in his real estate business by a threat from the investors (454). More specifically, einberg made an observation to the effect that the said investors…
Works CitedBlum, Brian A. Examples & Explanations for Contracts. New York, NY: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, 2021. Print. McKendrick, Ewan. Contract Law: Text, Cases, and Materials. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2020. Print. Turner, Chris. Contract Law. New York, NY: Routledge, 2013. Print
Business Law - 6 Case
com" from an Internet host in Maryland to a host in New York. The New York host turned out to be merely an intermediary of a Canada-based company (Tucows). Tucows eventually turned over the domain name to the Alabama authorities upon their request. Thereafter, Novak appealed the decision in the Alabama case successfully and then filed an action against Tucows for illegally depriving him of his property by conversion. Tucows' defense to the action relied on a clause in their contract with Novak that specified a Canadian forum to resolve any disputes but Novak argued that an automatic process of "clicking through" a contract could not hold him to a forum selection clause that was not negotiated specifically. Legal Issue: Is a party to a contract held to a forum selection clause when that clause was not subject to a negotiation? Decision: The process of "clicking through" is commonly accepted…
Business Law the Author of This Report
Business Law The author of this report has been asked to answer regarding several different legal and/or ethic cases or questions. Those cases/situations are Wrench LLC vs. Taco Bell, California & Hawaiian Sugar Company vs. Sun Ship Inc., the general legal cases and practice of cybersquatting and general ethics. While these cases are controversial and the topic of many scholarly conversations, the outcomes that should have happened are quite clear. egarding the Wrench LLC vs. Taco Bell case, it is clear that Taco Bell used the Wrench idea and just the idea that Chait/Day saying that they figured out the concept on their own was an obvious lie. Taco Bell did not act ethically as they took the idea offered to them by Wrench LLC and used as their own using Chait/Day as a proxy. egarding whether Taco Bell entered an implied-in-fact contract, they really did. The reason this is…
Nolo. (2014, November 29). Force Majeure | Nolo's Free Dictionary of Law Terms and Legal Definitions. Retrieved November 29, 2014, from http://www.nolo.com/dictionary/force-majeure-term.html
Nolo. (2014, November 29). The UCC and Sales Contract Formation | Nolo.com.
Retrieved November 29, 2014, from http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/the-ucc-sales-contract-formation.html
Nolo. (2014, November 29). Cybersquatting: What It Is and What Can Be Done About It
Business Comparative Law and Business a Company
Business Comparative Law and Business A company has decided to expand its operations to another nation. The company is involved in information technology (IT) and is headquartered in Malaysia. The desire is to grow assets by beginning operations in Thailand. The fact that these are two separate countries makes the transition difficult, but it complicated by the fact that the two nations have different sets of laws which govern aspects of the transfer, and of the continuing operation of a Malaysian company in Thailand. Of primary concern is the contract law which exists in Thailand, and how those statutes direct a foreign company within Thai borders. It is the wish of the Malaysian company to maintain control in Malaysia not only for the company, but also for the settling of disputes. Since there are two different sets of laws that may govern a dispute, it is imperative that any potential…
X Arner, D.W., Booth, C.D., Lejot, P., & Hsu, P.F.C. (2007). Property rights, collateral creditor rights, and insolvency in East Asia. Texas International Law Journal, 42(3), 515-559.
CLW Malaysia. (2006). Laws of Malaysia: Contracts Act of 1950.
X Colon, R. (2011). Choice of law and Islamic finance. Texas International Law Journal, 46(2), 411-456.
X Davis, G.B., Ein-Dor, P., King, W.R., & Torkzadeh, R. (2006). IT offshoring: History, prospects and challenges. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 7(11), 770-792.
Learn How the Law Works by Memorizing
learn how the law works by memorizing a set of rules or theorems. A misconception lies in the commonly asked question, "What is the law?" -- since it presupposes that it's all laid out somewhere on great stone tablets. The truth is that the answer often is, "It depends." As you'll soon discover the legal system basically is a method of applying abstract rules or social policy to concrete situations. To comprehend its workings, you have to get involved in the process -- it's a little like learning to swim in that you've got to jump in and splash around a bit. It's not an unpleasant sensation, but it may seem little strange until you get used to it and learn to keep your head above water. You'll discover it's a bit like peeling an onion in that as you strip away one layer of complexity you find another one…
Carter, L.H. (1979) Reason in Law.
New York: Little Brown & Co.
Dershowitz, A.M. (2002) Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age.
Disobeying the Law Have Always
By developing military weapons that can hurt a large percentage of people if deployed, what the country is doing is the exact opposite of what it is required to do. If I am not getting the benefits I expect, this means I can disobey the law if the moral need to do so arises. Gratitude then becomes a vague term. I am grateful to the state for something such as property on which I live, rights that I have had, access to education and healthcare I have enjoyed. In exchange for these, I am expected to obey the law. Fair enough! But if obedience of law hurts my rights or rights of some other person, should I still follow the law? This is the question that we need to ask ourselves. There is more than one case where we might actually end up hurting the moral rights of someone while…
Rawls, J., 'Legal obligations and the duty of fair play,' S. Hook ed., Law and Philosophy (New York: N.Y.U. Pr., 1963)
Hart, H. 'Are there any natural rights,' Philosophical Review 64 (1955)
Ross, W. The Right and the Good (Ox! ford: Oxford U. Pr. 1930).
Paralegal Specialties International Law Paralegals in This
Paralegal Specialties International law: Paralegals in this field may work for government agencies that deal with international trade or multinational firms. Expertise in foreign languages is preferred. Corporate law: Paralegals in this field assist "with employee contracts, shareholder agreements, stock-option plans, and employee benefit plans. They also may help prepare and file annual financial reports, maintain corporate minutes' record resolutions, and prepare forms to secure loans for the corporation" (Paralegals, 2009, BLS). Criminal law: In criminal law practice, paralegals are often given the task of identifying "appropriate laws, judicial decisions, legal articles, and other materials that are relevant to assigned cases" (Paralegals, 2009, BLS). They may depose witnesses, keep track of evidence, or more generally monitor the progress of cases through the criminal justice system. Litigation: Litigation paralegals "analyze legal material for internal use, maintain reference files, conduct research for attorneys, and collect and analyze evidence for agency hearings. They…
Bevans. (2009). Tort law for paralegals. New York: Aspen
Paralegals. (2011). Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Retrieved February 24, 2011 at http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos114.htm
Dumb Laws in US
Dumb Laws Most people think about the laws of their country, state or city as being there for their own good and to protect either them or those who cannot protect themselves, such as children and animals. However, a look at some of the laws still on the books in our states and cities makes the reader wonder what the lawmakers were thinking when they passed those laws. These "protective" laws may not have actually protected many people or animals from very much. Some laws are more understandable than others. A number of archaic laws involve what is and is not appropriate clothing, and others govern what is and is not acceptable language. While today we know that in the great majority of cases, both clothing and language are protected under the Constitution, there was a time when lawmakers thought it necessary to restrain both how people dressed and how…
Business Knowledge of the Law
This is a most important question today, for it is sometimes said that the pursuit of profit ought not to be the primary and dominant goal of a business firm but rather must be balanced by concern for customers, employees, or society. In order to see what the standards for proper managerial conduct might be, we need to understand what is meant by "free market society." Management Goals Within a free market society, it is generally thought that the primary goal of a business organization is the attainment of profit. Though businesses often consider other objectives (service to customers, employee needs and well-being, assistance to the needy) it cannot be denied that the attainment of profit is the overall and guiding objective of the business organization. Thus, the first question that managerial ethics should consider is whether or not it is ethically proper to make the attainment of profit the…
DuPlessis, Enman, Gunz, O'Byrne (2011). Canadian Business and the Law. Nelson Education.
Shepard, J.M., Shepard J., & Wokutch, R.E. (2005). The problem of business ethics: oxymoron or inadequate vocabulary? Journal of Business and Psychology, 6, 9-23.
Organizational Law the First Source
It covers a specific device or process and it protected by the Patent Act. A patent can be enforced through the legal system. By contrast a trade secret more difficult to protect through the legal system. A trade secret is not generally known to the public whereas a patent is publicly viewable. A trade secret can be protected in states that subscribe to the Uniform Trade Secrets Act, but typically cannot be protected once the secret has been revealed. There are a number of common encumbrances on title. Some examples are liens, mortgages, judgments, unpaid taxes, clouded title, easements and other restrictions. A sole proprietorship is a form of business wherein the individual proprietor bears all liability for the business -- the business is not a distinct legal entity. Sole proprietorships are simple and inexpensive to set up and administer. However, the proprietor faces unlimited liability and pays taxes at…
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Kevin Golden v. Town of Collierville 06a0062n.06; 167 Fed. Appx. 474; 2006 U.S. App. Plaintiff firefighter appealed a decision of the United States District Court for the estern District of Tennessee, which granted summary judgment in favor of defendants, a town, its administrator, a fire chief, and an assistant fire chief, on his procedural due process and equal protection claims under 42 U.S.C.S. § 1983. The district court also dismissed the firefighter's claims for civil conspiracy under state law. The firefighter, who was white, claimed that he was offered but then denied a promotion to the position of fire lieutenant because of his race. Instead, another firefighter who was black was promoted to the position. Defendants argued that the black firefighter was promoted because he ranked above the white firefighter in the testing and interview process. On appeal from the district court's decision, the court held: the district court properly…
Biondo v. City of Chicago 2002 U.S. Dist.
Columbus Civil Service Commission v. McGlone 82 Ohio St. 3d 569; 1998 Ohio 410; 697
N.E.2d 204; 1998 Ohio
Gary L. Knapp et al. v. City of Columbus 06a0472n.06; 192 Fed. Appx. 323; 2006 U.S. App.
First Initial Law Political Science
Political Science: First InitialQuestion 2The interest groups try to affect the judicial system in three ways: lobbying on judicial confirmations, filing amicus curiae briefs, and sponsoring litigation[footnoteRef:1]. Lobbying on the judicial confirmations includes knowing who would become the court judge to influence the court case and their decisions could be made. Appointing a suitable judge on this position costs millions of dollars to those who want to have their judge of interest. Although the process is a routine one but demands time and money. Public campaigns are run for this purpose, and interest groups spend large money amounts for their judge of interest. [1: James A. Morone and Rogan Kersh. y the People: Debating American Government, rief Edition, Oxford University Press, 2018, p. 303.]The second way in which interest groups could influence the judicial system is filing amicus curiae, which refers to the invitation of the interest groups related to…
BibliographyBallotpedia. Obergefell vs. Hodges. n.d. https://ballotpedia.org/Obergefell_v._Hodges (accessed December 17, 2021).Barnes, Robert. Supreme Court Declines to Review Same-Sex Marriage Cases, Allowing Unions in 5 States. October 6, 2014. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/courts_law/supreme-court-declines-to-review-same-sex-marriage-cases/2014/10/06/ee822848-4d5e-11e4-babe-e91da079cb8a_story.html (accessed December 17, 2021).Fidler, David P. President Biden’s Foreign Policy and National Security Approach to Global Health Comes into Clearer Focus. March 11, 2021. https://www.thinkglobalhealth.org/article/president-bidens-foreign-policy-and-national-security-approach-global-health-comes-clearer (accessed December 15, 2021).Legal Information Institute. United States v. Windsor. n.d. https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/12-307 (accessed December 16, 2021).Morone, James A., and Rogan Kersh. By the People: Debating American Government, Brief Edition. Oxford University Press, 2018.National Conference of State Legislatures. Redistricting and the Supreme Court: The Most Significant Cases. September 14, 2021. https://www.ncsl.org/research/redistricting/redistricting-and-the-supreme-court-the-most-significant-cases.aspx (accessed December 15, 2021).Overfield, Cornell. Biden’s National Security Strategy is Starry-Eyed about US Allies. May 14, 2021. https://foreignpolicy.com/2021/05/14/biden-national-security-strategy-us-allies-partners/ (accessed December 15, 2021).Oyez. Obergefell vs. Hodges. n.d. https://www.oyez.org/cases/2014/14-556 (accessed December 17, 2021).—. United States vs. Windsor. n.d. https://www.oyez.org/cases/2012/12-307 (accessed December 16, 2021).Sasakawa USA. Soft Power and Morals in US Foreign Policy. June 10, 2021. https://spfusa.org/event/soft-power-and-morals-in-u-s-foreign-policy/ (accessed December 15, 2021).Smith Gambrell Russell. The Sweeping Effect of the Windsor Decision. n.d. https://sgrlaw.com/ttl-articles/the-sweeping-effect-of-the-windsor-decision/ (accessed December 16, 2021).United States Courts. Supreme Court Procedures. n.d. https://www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/educational-resources/about-educational-outreach/activity-resources/supreme-1 (accessed December 15, 2021).US Supreme Court Notes. n.d. https://media.okstate.edu/faculty/jsenat/jb3163/supremecourt.html (accessed December 17, 2021).
Damages the Law of Damages
Under tort law, injured parties are entitled to compensatory damages which include both general damages for pain and suffering and disfigurement and special damages which include payment for loss of past and future earnings and past and future medical expenses. The awarding of compensatory damages is totally within the discretion of the jury. Under the common law, the plaintiff is entitled to a single lump sum payment. Some states have begun to limit the amount that plaintiffs can receive as a result of a personal injury or wrongful death due to the present political unpopularity of personal injury actions. Other affected by the losses caused by personal injury actions are also entitled to seek recovery. Some examples of such individuals include spouses, children, employers of the injured party. The damages available for such individuals vary depending on the circumstances of the relationships and how the relationship is affected. VIII. Fraud…
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Home » Blog » Dissertation » Topics » Law » Property Law » 21 Property Law Topics You Can Choose to Write Your Dissertation
21 Property Law Topics You Can Choose to Write Your Dissertation
By Liam Jan 22, 2018 in Law , Property Law | No Comments
Property law topics are diverse, having been academically researched since a long time. A more trending topic relates to intellectual property law and dissertation topics in this discipline are gaining prominence. The following is a list of dissertation topics in property law to help you choose a relevant topic for your paper: 1. What is […]
Property law topics are diverse, having been academically researched since a long time. A more trending topic relates to intellectual property law and dissertation topics in this discipline are gaining prominence.
List of property law topics:
The following is a list of dissertation topics in property law to help you choose a relevant topic for your paper:
What is intellectual property law? A paper on the antecedents and boundaries of intellectual property in the UK.
A review of intellectual property law through the antitrust principle.
A systematic review of the UK property law and its practical implementation.
A global perspective on intellectual property law.
What does the law guide regarding intellectual property- perspectives from the US.
A systematic review of the rationale for personal property rights of immigrants to the UK.
The representation of data in intellectual property laws- review of literature.
The economic context of intellectual property law- a review.
Intellectual property law in the digital community- a review.
A review of the tribal property rights in the US.
The context of foundationalism in intellectual property law- a systematic review.
Agricultural property rights in the UK- a review.
Intellectual property of plant cultivations and biotechnology in the UK.
A comparative legal aspect of the practice of coding versus hacking in the UK.
A review of the rights of women to hold property across three geographical territories.
Intellectual property of criminals- what does the UK IP law guide?.
Using property law for heritage site protection- perspectives from the UK.
A systematic review of intellectual property licensing under UK law.
A review of intellectual property under European law.
Unification of intellectual property laws across borders- a necessity?
An argument on welfare- in general or consumer terms?
There you go. Use the list well and let us know if you have any comments or suggestions for our topics related blog posts for the future or looking to get help with dissertation writing , send us an email at [email protected] .
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- Introduction To Property Law
Introduction To Property Law - Assignment Example
- Subject: Law
- Type: Assignment
- Level: Undergraduate
- Pages: 12 (3000 words)
- Downloads: 2
- Author: hesselshaun
Extract of sample "Introduction To Property Law"
Basically, it states that an occupier of land who brings onto it anything likely to do damage if it escapes and keep that thing on the land will be liable for any damage caused by an escape (3.0).(c) Explain the various methods by which an easement may be acquired. The law recognizes five basic categories of affirmative easements: (1) express easements; (2) easements implied from prior existing use; (3) easements by necessity; (4) prescriptive easements; and (5) irrevocable licenses or “easements by estoppels.
” Certain negative easements are also recognized (32.01).(d) What is the significance of the DEED in land law transactions? Give examples of situations where it is required. The deed is the basic document used to transfer an estate or other interest in the land during the owner’s lifetime. One who transfers title by deed is a grantor; one who receives title is a grantee. The general warranty is a type of deed. It contains six specific covenants of title that warrant against any defect in the grantor’s title.
For example, the covenant against encumbrance’s warrants that there are no mortgages, easements, liens or other encumbrances on the property at the time the deed is delivered.2〉 The Foxshire Trust, a charity which aims to conserve the heritage of the county of Foxshire, owns the Foxhill Estate comprising a stately home and many acres of land. The Estate is open to the public upon payment of a £10 admission charge made at a kiosk at the car park entrance. Above the kiosk is a sign which reads, ‘THE FOXSHIRE ESTATE DOES NOT ACCEPT ANY LIABILITY FOR LOSS OR DAMAGE SUSTAINED ON THESE PREMISES.
’ Recently, the following incidents have occurred. Answer the question which follows each incident. All parts carry equal marks.(i) Adam, a boy of 14, visited the estate with his parents. Adam’s parents left him to explore on his own while they went for a coffee in the café. Adam decided to climb one of the very old and large cedar trees.
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Top 20 Land Law Dissertation Topics Trending in the Year 2021
- June 18, 2021 July 15, 2021
There is a famous quote by Ralph Waldo Emerson, “If a man owns land, the land owns him”. This statement of popular American writer deems suited well enough to establish the connection between a man to his land and vice-versa. The ownership of a safe piece of land is as important as food and water for subsistence. The ownership of own piece of land can open new avenues of progress and prosperity for the owner. Apart from shelter, a considerable piece of land can always be put into agriculture, lease, or commercial utility.
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Additionally, the crisis associated with lives can also be resolved by trading off a piece of land with the ‘right to transfer of property’ clauses made in the society by the law. Simply speaking, land is an asset like gold; its value may rise or fall with the passage of time but shall never turn out to become a ‘liability’. Understanding the significance of the land and the properties built over it, the local governing bodies pass regulations to safeguard the rights of the actual owner(s) of the land.
Prior to the scrolling of a detailed list of the land law dissertation help topics that are preferably imbibed lately, let us have a brief insight what the land laws are all about and why they are indispensable.
The land law is classified into the categories of rules and regulations enforced by legal governing bodies to authorise the ownership and the right to use the land. It always alienates or exclude the individuals and parties that do not have direct and indirect association with that concerned piece of land. Most of the rules, regulations, sections, and clauses are in some way related to land use agreements, such as renting.
Most of the sections that we feature to study the land law somehow performs as the point of intersection between property and contract law. The transfer of property comes from the voluntary decision of the actual (and present) owner of the land due to encumbrance on the rights of the land to constitute the legal land right to another in exchange for the price both the parties consented upon.
The experts offering law assignment help do not deal with the requested topic in layman’s terms. They define the answers to all the questions asked in the assignment with same legal terminologies and sections of the law that are anticipated to appear on the page by the evaluators. For example, the General Clauses Act renders the definition to the immovable properties. All the regulations belong to an immovable property such as land, the benefits arising out of that land, all the things that are attached to the earth, as well as the things permanently fastened to everything that is attached. The experts recite the assignment work by defining the term ‘land’ which would incorporate everything that is present on, under or above the land.
Why the Land Laws are Important?
The land laws are dedicated to the protection of both evident and concealed assets of the land. These laws govern all the tangible and the intangible components belonging to the piece of land. Here, all the evident assets would include the periphery of the land, natural rock, the quality of the soil, all the trees, buildings, walls, and other forms of constructions. When it comes to the concealed assets, then it shall include oil, treasure, and other kinds of resources that lay beneath the surface of the concerned land before they eventually get discovered. The prevailing laws always prevent the aggressive takeovers from unrighteous parties, offering an unbiased standpoint to defend or fight over the land disputes, safeguarding the demarcation of the actual land boundaries as mentioned in contractual agreements, etc.
The land laws are basically meant to enforce the property rights of the owner with respect to the legal ownership of the land and its resources. The protection of the interests are always backed by the legal systems and its bodies through basic execution of law and order.
Learn about some of the latest business law dissertation topics explored by law fraternity in the year 2021 at the below link to stay updated!
Must read: top 20 business law dissertation topics trending these days, what we are expecting from the land law topics discussed below.
When students submit their land law dissertations with the help of assignment help offered by a professional agency, then things are executed by the masters of the field. Right from topic selection to immaculate editing and proofreading of the final work, the whole job is handled by the experts who know the drill. Unfortunately, the same luxury is not accessible to the students who decide to finish the land law dissertation at their personal magnitude. Their problems start gushing in right from the choice to pick the right topic.
Here, our prima-facie motto is to help such needy law students with their dissertation topic dilemma. Indeed, with the help of a comprehensive, well researched list of topics, we are here to help them pick their favourite topic as per convenience. It helps them to frame the blueprint of their dissertation draft with the latest happenings in the field of legal affairs. And with that, let us look at the list of land law dissertation topics that we believe are worth your time.
Get familiar with the latest topics discussed in tort law curriculum to stay ahead of your colleagues by going through the below informative blog –
Must read: top 20 tort law dissertation topics trending in 2021, top 20 land law dissertation topics for the law students in the year 2021.
While covering an all-inclusive list of land law dissertation topics, we have ensured to list the topics revolving around the enforcement of the regulations and acts indigenous to certain nations and regions worldwide. It makes the list comprehensive enough to cover the requirements of students studying in nearly all parts of the world.
- History, scope, objective, applicability, and the salient features of the Right to the Fair Compensation and the Transparency in the Land Acquisition, the Rehabilitation, and the Resettlement Act, 2013
- The procedure of the determination of public purposes and social impact of fair compensation to the indigenous of the tribal land
- What are the provisions of notification and acquisition of land under government schemes in the Québec province of Canada?
- Discuss some of the talked about cases of rehabilitation and resettlement award under land reform act 2013
- Elaborate the classes and powers of the revenue offices under Community Empowerment (Scotland) Act, 2015 and Land Reform (Scotland) Act, 2016
- How Dawes Severalty Act or General Allotment Act affected the landholdings of the native Americans within the United States?
- How the second land reforms under the Great Leap Forward destroyed the property rights of peasants in China? What could have been a suitable alternative to egalitarian principle of distribution to ensure better results?
- A review of the property law through the antitrust principles of the United States
- A systematic analysis of the property law in the UK and its practical implications
- An in-depth analysis of the rationale for private property rights of the immigrants to the UK
- The classification of the land and property law in the digital community across the globe.
- A review of the tribal land rights of the aboriginal Australians
- Discuss in detail the agricultural property rights in the State of New South Wales, Australia
- Give a discourse of the rights of women to acquire and hold land across any three geographical territories
- The application of land and property law for the protection of heritage sites in Europe. State the course of discussion with the heritage sites of five different countries of the European Union.
- Unification of land and property laws across the borders- a necessity?
- Are the provisions for the prevention of harassment and eviction are effective enough to safeguard the rights of the tenants?
- Is the Homelessness Reduction Act (HRA) 2017 is sufficient to curtail the growing homelessness in the UK?
- Discuss “knowing receipt” and “knowing assistance” and their ramifications under the English trusts law doctrine.
- To what degree does an adverse possession an essential right to forestall the rise in the number of vacant properties?
The topics enlisted above are well suited for the land law dissertation help requirements of the students. But the good news is that the students expecting topics of the law for different other assignment writing formats like case study help , essay help , research paper writing help or thesis help . We can customise the writing as per any given topic to suit any writing format meant for the legal assignment submission.
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Must read: top 50 taxation law dissertation topics hotly trending in 2021.
The familiarity with the legal studies of the land law can open the doors to an immense numbers of career opportunities. Now, there is always a possibility of successfully finishing the given land law dissertation assignment at your personal efforts and we as a responsible agency would be gladder of your accomplishment. But in case, you are feeling the heat of submitting your next land law dissertation assignment with proximity of deadline, then also you are in safe hands.
Your reasons can be associated with an incomplete assignment, pressure of upcoming exams, attending important co-curricular activities of your law school, lack of conceptual clarity of the given land law topic or simply no interest in finishing the assigned homework. Just let our service representative know about your requirements by visiting land law assignment help and get your assignment requests attended by the finest academicians of law in the industry. We feature the most revered team of 500+ assignment writers with a lasting track record of submitting 10,000+ assignments in the last 15 years.
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Major Treatises by Topic
- Administrative Law
- Admiralty and Maritime Law
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This section pertains to real property (i.e., land). There is a separate section for intellectual property.
Ebooks and Online Resources accessible to Case Law Users Only .
John A. Borron, Jr., The Law of Future Interests (3d ed., 2002-date). Online: Westlaw . (4 volumes).
Michael T. Madison, Jeffry R. Dwyer, & Steven W. Bender, The Law of Real Estate Financing: With Tax Analysis, Planning, and Forms (Rev. ed., 1994-date). Online: Westlaw . (2 volumes).
Richard R. Powell & Michael Allan Wolf, Powell on Real Property (1949-date). Online: Lexis .
Julius L. Sackman et al., Nichols on Eminent Domain Online : Lexis .
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ABA Real Estate & Property Law. Online: ABA Law
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Property Law Essays
Property law and leasing.
191893 Delivery Time :Standard – 5 Days per 5000 words Title: QUESTION: PART A (i) Leslie plc, by deed, granted a ten-year lease of certain premises to Target Ltd from 1st November 2000. The lease included covenants by Target Ltd. not to assign or sub-let the whole or any part of the premises without the landlord’s consent, to keep the premises in repair and to pay the quarterly rent. There was a proviso for re-entry in the event of breach […]
Property Law Assignment
Property Law Assignment Part 1 In this scenario, Raj has allowed his sister-in-law, Joyce, to live in his property. The question is whether Joyce enjoys the rights of a tenant, or if she is actually a mere licensee. There is, in English property law, a crucial distinction between the tenant and the licensee; the former enjoying significantly greater and more secure rights than the latter. It is often not, however, a clear cut distinction. In the present case, the terms […]
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A Problem Question in Intellectual Property Law
It is 1st essentially to know who should own the copyright’s title of the manifesto with 4 persons Al (A), Bill (B), Cal (C) and Dina (D). But before discussing about the owner, we must first established the category of such manifesto by s 1(1) of Copyright, Designs and Patents Act (CDPA) 1988 as a literary work since it was in written form. It is also note to know that the originality requirement has to be assessed that the work […]
The Trespass to Property Act Essay Online for Free
Assignment: Tresspass to Property Act Ontario Powers of Arrest/Search The Trespass to Property Act has proven to be a very viable provincial law. It has been used countlessly to protect the interest of owners in charge of property, and has been used to apprehend those who have committed misconduct in relation to that property. Needless to say, the Trespass to Property Act has opened a gateway to legal authority over individuals who are citizens and not peace officers, in order […]
The Concept of Property in English Law
The Roman law first divided the property into real and personal property and it has been stuck in the English property law ever since. Property may be either real or personal. In England, real property has superior value than personal property. The real property is owned in England in complete ownership. This means that it is assumed that the real property is owned in perpetuity and passed on to the legal heir in case of intestate case. However, personal property […]
Property Rights and the Constitution
Property rights and the Constitution This essay will discuss the plain packaging laws for tobacco in the Commonwealth of Australia. A recent High Court of Australia’s judgment in the case of JT International and British American Tobacco v Commonwealth of Australia has upheld the righteousness of the tobacco plain packaging laws. However, the manufacturers have argued that such laws constitute hostile acquisition of intellectual property. This paper reviews such claims of manufacturers and whether intellectual property rights are indeed endangered […]
The Law of Unregistered Land
Although registration of land is not compulsory the Government have tried in recent times to encourage the registration of land by offering incentives to those who are in possession of unregistered land. Generally speaking land that is unregistered only becomes registered when the owners of that land sell it to another. All land purchased since the Land Registration Act 1925 should be registered as the Act made it possible for land sold after this date to be registered. Concern has […]
The Law on European Construction Projects
Project Outline For the purpose of this assignment, the company that I have chosen will be preparing to buy a piece of land in the north of France and build houses upon it. The land already bares a barn and is from a private owner. The processes to buy, plan and develop the project will be described and compared to the system adopted by the UK. The intension is to sell the property for profit. The limited company is a […]
English Land Law
English Land Law (a) For conveyances completed on or prior to 27 September 1990, a valid contract of sale of land was governed under s 40 of the Law of Property Act 1925. Any land contract could be either oral or written but, if oral, evidence via a written document or an act or part performance was required to facilitate enforceability. For post 27 September 1990 conveyances, the rules under s 2 of the Law of Property (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act […]
Beneficiaries of Clubs Law
192596 Title: Captain Ahab died in 2005. His will included, inter alia, the following two gifts to the ‘Midlands Whale Watching Club’: a) ‘My house, Moby Villa, to be used as a headquarters for the Club; and b) A£160,000, to enable members to go on trips to watch whales in Antarctica.’ The Midlands Whale Watching Club is a non-charitable unincorporated association whose rules consist of the following clauses: 1) The main object of the club is to promote knowledge of […]
Equity and Trust Law
Brief : 189084 Delivery Date : 18/08/06 Title: “There is no single convincing explanation for the operation of the resulting trust..” Discuss ANSWER Introduction It is submitted that the resulting trust is a form of implied trust that is created by the inference of the law in circumstances in which the actions of the parties concerned and the characteristics of the transaction between them suggests a legal intent to establish a trust relationship. Resulting trusts resemble express trusts from many […]
Formalities – Perfect/Imperfect Trust Essay
Formalities – Perfect/Imperfect Trust Introduction The question in this case refers to the creation of a trust, i.e. the formalities that are required. In the case of Serena, she has created a trust that holds the property in trust for Alice for life and then the remainder goes to Alice’s children. On the death of Serena, there is a valid will where Alice gets all of the property and there is no interest for Alice’s children. Therefore, the following advice […]
An Application of the Law on Trusts
INTRODUCTION A trust is an equitable obligation, binding a person (called a trustee) to deal with property owned by him (called trust property, being distinguished from his private property) for the benefit of persons (called beneficiaries or, in old cases, cestuis que trust), of whom he may himself be one, and any one of whom may enforce the obligation [or for a charitable purpose, which may be enforced at the instance of the Attorney-General, or for some other purpose permitted […]
Equitable Rights to a Property
A) After considering the concern you have raised during our meeting I have prepared a summary of the law and advice. Although there is not any reference to notice or restriction on the property there are equitable rights which can bind the purchaser of a property even if there is not any reference to them on the register. Martin has stated that he has paid half the purchase price of the property when he and Penelope purchased the property. When […]
Impact of COVID19 on Real Estate Market
The COVID19 outbreak had terrific repercussion on the real estate market in UK. This deadly virus is spreading and at fast rate across the globe and thus, effecting global economy including real estate sector. The UK real estate market has observed a massive dip in the business. It is tough time for everyone – Tenants, Landlords, Real estate agents, Brokers, Negotiators; all are facing challenges regarding rental properties and its maintenance. Read all latest information and updates on Corona virus […]
Why did the Industrial Revolution Began in England and the Rest of UK
The Industrial Revolution of eighteenth and the nineteenth century directed the change from assembling of items utilizing high quality devices in provincial regions, to utilization of particular hardware in processing plants in metropolitan regions. The occasion that occurred in Europe and America saw a huge shift and advancement of economies to improve things. By and by, history has recorded its beginning to be from England in view of different reasons. First was the development of populace. The development of the […]
Intangible Creations of the Human Intellect
Purpose of intellectual property: To encourage the creation of a large variety of intellectual goods. Gives economic incentive for their creation, Stimulates innovation and contribute to the technological progress of countries History: 1624- Origins of patent law – The Statute of Monopolies 1710- Origins of copyright – British Statute of Anne Firmly established the concept of intellectual property. 1769- First known use of the term intellectual property Jewish law includes several considerations which are similar to modern intellectual property laws […]
Hypothecation: Under this mode of security, loans are provided against the security of movable property, usually inventory of goods. The goods hypothecated, however, continue to be in the possession of the owner of these goods (i. e. , the borrower). The rights of the lending institution (hypothecatee) depend upon the terms of contract between the borrower and the lender. Although the lender does not have physical possessions of the goods, it has legal right to sell the goods to realize […]
TRADEMARK PROTECTION: an INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE
Trademarks are signs and combinations that identify goods and services of a particular individual offered in a market. Today the trademark is a way to attract the public. Consumers look at trademarks to choose goods and services, which increases the role of trademarks in global marketing. Trademarks are important in the sense that most of the consumers rely on the symbols, letters, or labels that the company attached with its products in order to buy them. Often, consumers are deceived […]
The Rules Relating to Implied Grant of Easement
The rules relating to implied grant of easements have been described as “strange [and] magic-like” (Sexton and Bogusz, Land Law: Text, Cases and Materials, 2013, 3rd edn, OUP, p 565). Disregarding easements created by prescription, explain these “magic-like“ rules. Do the rules differ in the case of implied reservation of an easement and why is this the case? INTRODUCTION An easement is a right to do something on someone else’s land, falling short of a right to possession. More specifically, […]
The Effects of the Land Registration Act
The system of land registration inaugurated by the Land Registration Act 1925 was a laudable and important step in simplifying the way title to land was recorded and conveyed. In time, however, significant defects began to emerge.” What were those defects and to what extent has the Land Registration Act 2002 provided a cure? Prior to the introduction of a system of land registration, the only way to establish a seller’s right to dispose of a property was from title […]
The Elements of a Trademark
1.0 Introduction Intellectual property is what the mind creates. Through imagination in the mind, one creates literary and artistic works. The mind creates names, symbols, and images. There are inventions and designs, which are all part of intellectual property. The three main types of intellectual property are patents, copyright and trademarks. Patent is the exclusive right to market invention; whereas, copyright is the exclusive right to the author of the original work of the authorship. Trademark is the name, word, […]
Milroy V Lord
“….There is not equity in this court to perfect an imperfect gift”- Turner LJ in Milroy v Lord (1861)- How accurate is this statement in current English law? In order to assess the accuracy of Turner LJ’s statement, it is first necessary to consider the context of it, and discuss briefly what it refers to. It refers to trusts, which become fully set up or constituted when the trust property is in the hands of a person who is properly […]
Leasehold Reform Act 1967
1. What were the material facts in the case? The Leasehold Reform Act 1967 provides tenants the right to purchase the landlord’s freehold interest of a property. There is no requirement for the tenant to occupy or have occupied the property. The property was subject to a lease. The appellant was the tenant under the lease. The appellant wanted to acquire the freehold of the property. The property was originally built as a single private residence and had subsequently been […]
Living and Testamentary Trusts
Answer The subject matter contained in this question emanates from the study of living and testamentary trusts. A living trust or trust inter vivos trust can be defined as a declaration made by a Settlor, during his/her life-time, to transfer some interest in real or personal property to a trustee to hold in favour of a beneficiary or beneficiaries. A will on the other hand is primarily a document, legal in nature, which purports to speak from the death of […]
Issue of Interests
The issue of interests which are unknown to the purchaser of land have long been a problem to less cautious buyers. This essay will examine the way in which title of land has not been indefeasible through registration due to the existence of overriding interests and will seek to explain how the new provisions of the Land Registration Act 2002 limits the scope of these interests and pursues the aim of a register which mirrors interest in title. As Gray […]
Equity and Trusts Advice Style Answer
This paper seeks to establish whether Bill had any rights either in real or personal claim over the said estate located in Luneborough. It would identify the type of remedy, if any generated consequent to the breach of Bill’s rights. It would also identify the type of enacted that recognizes the right afforded to Bill, that is if any and provide the remedies available for the protection of the rights. The next requirement would be apply the law to the […]
Prerequisite for Comprehensive Revelations in Biotechnology Patent Application
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A Simple Definition of a Trust
‘It is simply not possible to formulate a single, simplified definition of ‘a trust.’ “The word ‘Trust’ refers to a duty or aggregate accumulation of obligations that rests upon a person as a person described as a trustee. The responsibilities are in relation to property held by him or under his control. He will be compelled by a court in its equitable jurisdiction to administer that property in the manner lawfully prescribed by the trust instrument… As a consequence the […]
Memorandum on a Trust Deed
MEMORANDUM From: (Associates) To: (Partner) Re: Betty Bennett’s Trust Deed Date: January 09, 2013 I. INTRODUCTION The memorandum is prepared for the meeting with Betty Bennett, a client who intends to set up a trust for the welfare of her grandchildren. In the following analysis, each provision in the proposed trust deed is discussed in order to identify legal issues and problems which need to be solved or avoided. The relevant suggestions are provided, and other considerations which include questions […]
The law is important because it serves as a norm of conduct for citizens and residents. It acts as a guideline for acceptable behavior, and ensures equality within communities and social groups by an outline for the consequences of law viol...
When you own a piece of property, it’s common to think that no one can tell you what to do with any part of it. You can paint it any color you want. You can put in a pool with an entertainment deck. You can build your kids the play area of ...
In the context of property law, perpetual easement is used to describe the rights entitled to a landowner to make limited use of his neighbor’s land, such as crossing it to reach his own property, according to Dictionary.com.
Property law is a section of the law that oversees the legality of real property or personal property ownership. It evaluates and protects
Subject Outline · Possession and Transfer of Personal Property. Distinction between Real Property (land) and Personal Property or Chattels · Adverse Possession.
View and download property law essays examples. Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for your property law essay.
Property law research topics are diverse, having been academically researched for a long time. Get dissertation writing help on property law dissertation
TL;DR: The Comedy of the Commons: Custom, Commerce, and Inherently Public Property Energy and Efficiency in the Realignment of Common Law Water Rights
Research Papers/Topics in Private and Property Law · An Analysis of the Process of Ascertainment and Application of Customary Law in the
Critical analysis of movable & Immovable property. SHRI VILE PARLE KELAVANI MANDAL'S. JITENDRA CHAUHAN COLLEGE OF LAW. II LL.B. PROJECT TOPICS.
CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Introduction To Property Law · Sale of Property · The Breach of Confidentiality · The Difference between Joint Tenancies and Tenancies in
The land laws are basically meant to enforce the property rights of the owner with respect to the legal ownership of the land and its resources.
Major Treatises by Topic · Native American Law · Patent Law · Prisoners · Products Liability · Property Law.
Property Law Assignment Part 1 In this scenario, Raj has allowed his sister-in-law, Joyce, to live in his property. The question is whether Joyce enjoys the