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Islamic Art Essays (Examples)
303 results for “Islamic Art” .
Islamic Art Descriptions of the
This is the biggest palace in Istanbul. (Retrieved from http://www.greatistanbul.com/topkapi_palace.htm) Alhambra Palace - The Alhambra Palace is so named for the Arabic "red castle," due to the surrounding environment. It was created in 1238. (Retrieved from http://www.andalucia.com/cities/granada/alhamhistory.htm) Masjid-i Shah - Also known as the Mosque of the 72 Martyrs, located in Mashad, Iran. It was built in 1451. (Retrieved from http://archnet.org/library/sites/one-site.jsp?site_id=10332) Chehel Sutun - The Chele Sutun (Forty Columns) located in Qazvin, Iran was built for the Shah Tahmasb I from 1524-1576. This served as a mansion for the Persian Safavid dynasty for several centuries. (Retrieved from http://www.oananews.org/content/photo/general/chehel-sotun-palace-northwestern-iran-0) Shahnama of Shah Tahmasp - The Persian "Book of Kings," with over 50,000 rhymes this book is considered a classic of Persian literature. It was completed in the year 1010 AD. (Retrieved from http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/shnm/hd_shnm.htm) Court of Gayumars - The court of Gayumars was done from 1525-1535 and depicts the legendary first king…
Zal Sighted by the Caravan - This painting is about the hero Rustam. It story shows a bird and a caravan telling Zal to find his father, Rustam. Painted from 1522-1530. (Retrieved from http://www.asia.si.edu/explore/shahnama/zal.asp )
Taj Mahal Agra - The Taj Mahal is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and the Taj Mahal was completed in 1632. It is about a man's love for his wife, and is found in India. (Retrieved from http://www.tajmahal.org.uk/history.html )
City of Fatehpur Sikri - This city was built during the 1550s by the Emperor Akbar in the Mughal Empire. The city includes one of the largest mosques in India, the Jama Masjid. (Retrieved from http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/255 )
Islamic Art Glorification of God
The emphasis on handicrafts also means that Islamic art does not have a focus on the output of individual artists like estern art. Prophetic sayings like "God likes that when you do anything, you do it excellently," have "provided the impetus for Muslims' embellishment and beautification of their places of worship, homes, and even of articles in common use in everyday life. The emphasis in Islamic art is on ornamentation rather than on art for art's sake; while the names of the producers of the finest works of Islamic art may not have survived, their works have become prototypes and models on which other artists and craftsmen patterned their works, or from which they derived the impetus for related work" (Siddiqui 2009). Islamic art is often characterized by the use of geometric patterns that "create the impression of unending repetition, which is believed by some to be an inducement to…
Komaroff, Linda. (2007). Early Islamic art. The Islamic Art Collection. Retrieved March 24, 2009 at http://www.lacma.org/islamic_art/eia.htm
Komaroff, Linda. (2007). Introduction. The Islamic Art Collection. Retrieved March 24, 2009 at http://www.lacma.org/islamic_art/intro.htm
The nature of Islamic art. (2001, October). In Heilbrunn timeline of art history.
New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. Retrieved March 24, 2009 at http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/orna/hd_orna.htm
Medieval Islamic Art the Transition
The result is that the minarets which are more probably rooted in the experiences, technologies and impulses of the now extinct Byzantines are part of the religious iconography of both ancient and modern Islamic culture. That said, the eventuality by which the Byzantine identity was erased from formal existence would have a significant bearing on the emergence of a yet more self-aware Islamic architectural philosophy. Garber indicates that we may draw a separation -- though it is not entirely clear where to draw this from a chronological perspective -- between the period of transition and the period by which the Islamic leadership had begun to seek out a more pointedly Islamic ideology. In other words, the goals of repurposing eventually began to recede as Muslim architects sought new ways of targeting its proposed functions. Accordingly, Grabar tells that of some of the artifacts left behind from succeeding generations of Umayyad…
Ettinghausen, R.; Grabar, O. & Jenkins-Madina, M. (2003). Islamic Art and Architecture 650-1250. Yale University Press.
Golombek, L. (1988). The Draped Universe of Islam. Colloquium in Memory of Richard Ettinghausen: New York University.
Grabar, O. (1964). Islamic Art and the Byzantium. Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 18, 67-88.
Ismail, O.S.A. (1968). The Founding of a New Capital: Samarra. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 31(1), 1-13.
Arabic Calligraphy in Islamic Arts
And aside from the lessons as well, the art behind the calligraphy strived to portray the symbolism in the holy book. The writings were created using various shapes and sizes of the letters and numbers and they led to the formation of pieces of art that combined the teachings of the deity with the comprehension capacity of the humans (Osborn, 2008). The Arabic calligraphy as such played a dual role -- on the one hand, it preserved the religious values; on the other hand, it, in its essence, represented a form of art and a representation revealing the religion, but also in the same time, being different from the messages it transmitted. In this setting, the calligraphy became sufficiently able to replace imagery in the Islamic arts. Yet, the complete elimination of imagery from the texts and works of art in the Islamic world was impossible at an exhaustive level.…
Caroll, B.J., Arabic calligraphy and Muslim art, World Religions Professor, http://www.world-religions-professor.com/arabic-calligraphy.html last accessed on February 14, 2012
Curtis, E.E., 2010, Encyclopedia of Muslim-American history, Vol. 1, Infobase Publishing, ISBN 0816075751
Hazen, W., 2002, Inside Islam, Lorenz Educational Press, ISBN 0787705268
Mubireek, K., 2000, Arabic calligraphy -- introduction, Islamic Art, http://www.islamicart.com/main/calligraphy/intro.html last accessed on February 14, 2012
African Versus Islamic Artifact Comparison
Artifact Comparison: An Islamic Rosary versus an African racelet One of the challenges of artifact comparison from the perspective of a cultural outsider is to locate the objects in their appropriate context, versus imposing the observer's Western or contemporary ideals upon them. This can be seen when gazing upon the pottery bead rosary necklace from the Asian ethnographic collection in the Museum of Natural History. The artifact was found in Messhad, Iran and is made of multicolored clay, dyed with pigment, and strung together with thread.[footnoteRef:1] From an outsider's perspective it might look like a Christian rosary even though that is not the case upon closer and more educated observation. [1: Pottery bead rosary necklace. Museum of Natural History. Catalog No: 70.2 / 2557. ] According to the Museum of Natural History's website, artifacts classified as costumes may include artifacts "carried for warmth, protection, embellishment, or for symbolic purposes," of…
Bracelet. African Ethnographic Collection. Museum of Natural History. Catalog No: 1 / 4475
"Costume." The Museum of Natural History. https://anthro.amnh.org/africa . (accessed April 15,
Pottery bead rosary necklace. Museum of Natural History. Catalog No: 70.2 / 2557
Islamic Art The two objects that I found on the website required to write this article are entitled Folio from the Tashkent Qu'ran" and "The Feast of Sada," Folio from the Shanama (Book of Kings) of Shah Tahmasp. There are a number of reasons as to why the former of these objects is perceived as part of Islamic art. The most salient of these relates to the title. This work of art is actually a page of written (calligraphic) text from what is regarded as the holy scriptures of Islam, the Koran. This book provides various details about the life and travails of Muhammad, as well as a number of the fundamental precepts of this religion. In addition to the content of the writing on this particular page, there are a number of faces regarding the actual writing itself that denote that it is Islamic art. Firstly, the page is…
Art Roman Islamic and Early
The artworks prevalent during the early Middle Ages in many ways stand between these two extremes. The art of this period was one that was both religiously inclined but also celebrated the human form and human nature that was to become so prominent in the enaissance. In many ways much of early Medieval art was similar to the abstract and decorative art that we find in Islamic examples. An example that has been chosen to represent this early period of European art is the Gerona Bible Master from Bologna, Italy, Figure 3. (Source: http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/m/middleages.html) This decorative example displays intricate artwork that emphasizes and enhances the Biblical context. The text or lyrics on the page refers to hymnal and religious phrases of praise, such as "Let us rejoice" (Art: Middle Ages). Note the way that the decorative images add depth to the aesthetics of the script and the manuscript as a…
Art and architecture of the Early Middle Ages. Retrieved from http://www.artandpopularculture.com/Middle_Ages
Art: Middle Ages. Retrieved from http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/m/middleages.html
Middle Ages. Retrieved from http://www.answers.com/topic/middle-ages
Roman art. Retrieved from http://www.artchive.com/artchive/R/roman.html Siddiqui E.
Islam Worksheet Rel 134 Version When Studying Islam
Islam Worksheet REL/134 Version When studying Islam, it is important to understand the essential elements of the faith, how they are practiced, and the distinctions among the three branches: Shiite Islam, Sunni Islam, and Sufism. Tawhid -- strict monotheism of God. There is only one, unsurpassable, omniscient God that cannot be visualized or reified in any which manner (although Sunnis do believe that God has some form of body). There are no intermediaries between God and creations. Mohamed might have come the closest to that. Mohammed, God's Prophet, is the closest to perfection that any human can be. Angels are a central part to Islam thought to intercede in all matters of a human's existence. The Quran was divinely revealed to Mohammed, via the archangel Gabriel, and is God's final revelation. Mohammed as one (presumably the most perfect) of God's messengers, all of whom -- human (Shiites believe they are…
Art Elkins James Stories of
All of these examples show that there is no linear narrative of art, rather the construction of even so-called periods between different nations and periods lies in the mind of the beholding academic, not in some universal truth of what is art's history. Critics also have their own abysses, and their own sands of what seems familiar and unfamiliar. Even art periodization is subjective as art, it is not a science, and thus periods should not be taught as absolute standards and markers of art history. Furthermore, other nations such as China have had different histories and different conceptions of what constitutes making art altogether, as well as different forms of periodization as a result. Western art's periods have been much more dynamic, and more characterized by seismic revolutions in aesthetics, as opposed to other nations. There is more blurring between what art is, and what has a practical religious…
Art Forms of Islam Include
178). For example, Sakkal reports that, "The measuring system of Ibn Muqlah is based on a circle with a diameter that equals the height of the letter Alef. It controls the correct proportions of the letters by comparing them to the circle, and by diagonal dots written with the calligraphy pen" (1993:9). In his analysis of Ibn Muqla's role in the standardization of the geometrical basis of Arabic writing, Ernst, citing an early treatise, illustrates the religious significance of the circle as being an integral part of these revisions to calligraphic script: "God (glory be to the Most High) created the world in a circular form. The master Abu Ali Muhammad ibn Ali ibn al- Husayn ibn Muqla the scribe (may God have mercy on him) realized that writing could be made circular. He transmitted that method of [round] Kufic in this fashion that is now current, so that it…
Brown, Keith, Anne H. Anderson, Laurie Bauer, Margie Berns, Graeme Hirst and Jim Miller.
Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Boston: Elsevier, 2006.
Blair, Sheila S. And Jonathan M. Bloom. 2003. "The Mirage of Islamic Art: Reflections on the Study of an Unwieldy Field." The Art Bulletin 85(1): 152-154.
Eaton, Gai. Islam and the Destiny of Man. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press,
Cultural and Construction History of the Islamic Golden Age
Islamic Technology Cultural and Construction History of the Islamic Golden Age Cultural Environment The Islamic Golden Age is also known as the Caliphate of Islam or the Islamic Renaissance. The term refers to a system of political, cultural, and religious authority derived from the teachings of the Prophet Mohammed in the early sixth century AD. At its high point under the Abbassid Dynasty (eighth to thirteenth centuries AD), Islamic civilisation experienced a flourish of art and culture that blended Arab, Persian, Egyptian, and European elements (Kraemer). The result was an era of incredible intellectual and cultural advancements (Wiet). At the height of its power, the Caliphate controlled all of the present-day Middle East, all of northern Africa and into Spain, and as far east as the Indus Valley, making it among the largest empires of all time and one of the few states ever to extend direct rule over three…
Islam Ibn Khaldun Conceptualized History in Terms
Islam Ibn Khaldun conceptualized history in terms of transformations of social and political power, leading to cultural changes. This was especially true for the expanding Muslim world, of which Ibn Khaldun was a part. During the Middle Islamic periods, scholarship and learning became entrenched throughout the Muslim world and would have a tremendous impact on the evolution of human consciousness and society. Art, architecture, science, medicine, math, and engineering all flourished during the Middle Islamic period. Although these were the primary external features of the Middle Islamic period, also referred to as a golden age, there were underlying political, socio-religious, and economic developments that caused and characterized changes taking place throughout the Mamluk, Mongol, and Timurid periods. Abbasid rule had a major impact on political, socio-religious, and economic developments. The Abbasid caliphates stressed schools of learning and formal modes of education that were rooted in Islam but which also transcended…
Egger, V.O. (2007). A History of the Muslim World. Pearson.
Art in Non-Western Society the
Turtle shell rattles have been used for countless centuries. Such rattles have been recovered from ancient sites in the southwest and in the Mississippian civilizations. The turtle rattle was also a musical instrument in ceremonial use. One of its most important functions was its significance in the False Face ceremonies. One of the most distinguishing features of the Iroquois belief system is the reliance on the mask for religious and ritual purposes. These masks are often designated as False Faces. This term refers to the first False Face and the mythical origins of protective and healing spirits. They are used in introductory and agricultural rituals. The turtle rattles play a significant part in these important rituals. In the various curing and healing rituals, the wearer of the False Face will juggle hot coals and use ash and is apparently immune to cold (see below), and he bears a turtle-shell rattle…
American Indian Education. http://www.osseo.k12.mn.us/special/stusupport/stuserv/AmInd/LilBuffalo/catalog.htm (Accessed April 30, 2005)
THE IROUK CHARACTER. http://www.icculus.org/~msphil/mythus/campaigns/aerth/irouk / (Accessed May 1, 2005) www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=21005756
Frank G. Speck, and Alexander General, Midwinter Rites of the Cayuga Long House (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1995), 70.
Islamic vs Christianity Islam and
In the Qur'an, music is presented as something that can bring pleasure to Muslims. Numerous prominent religious individuals in Islam have apparently claimed that music should not be present in Muslim houses. Even with that, Muslims are aware that Allah cannot possibly prohibit something that does not harm the individual or society in general. It is divisive whether or not Islam allows its followers to enjoy music, considering that the Qur'an can also be interpreted (Neusner, Chilton & Graham, 2002). Education is not an essential part of Islam, as Muslims are certain that it adds "nothing to the authenticity of the Holy Qur'an in terms of human knowledge" (Ryce-Menuhin, 1994, p. 123). In the present day, Muslims are reluctantly engaging in providing themselves and their children with education, seeing that it is the only way for them to keep up with the advancements performed in society. The need to integrate…
1. Ansari, S. "14 The Migration Factor: Comparing the Experiences of the Muslim and Jewish Communities of South Asia," Jung and the Monotheisms: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, ed. Joel Ryce-Menuhin (New York: Routledge, 1994).
2. Boullata I.J. "Arabic Oral Traditions." Retrieved August 05, 2010, from the Oral Tradition Web site: http://journal.oraltradition.org/issues/4i-ii/editors_column
3. Neusner, J. Chilton, B. & Graham, W. Three Faiths, One God: The Formative Faith and Practice of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2002).
4. Palm, D. "Oral Tradition in the New Testament." Retrieved August 05, 2010, from the Coming Home Journal Web site: http://www.chnetwork.org/journals/sola/sola8.htm
Islamic Monument Comparison Between the
Iconography: In many ways, the iconography left behind at the Dome of the Rock for our evaluation provides only partial insight into the events that inspired it. e are left to interpret this based on the historical knowledge and immediate evidence available to us. According to Rabbat, "Muslims around the world believe it was built to commemorate a decisive event in the Prophet Muhammad's mission, namely his Night Journey from Mecca to Jerusalem, and his subsequent Ascension from the Rock to Heaven, where he received from God the doctrinal principles of the new religion." It is this interpretation which is largely accepted by the world, marking the rock itself as the most important element of iconography in the structure. The Khirbat al-Mafjar, by contrast, offers a highly provocative mosaic in the main bath hall reserved from the prince-son of the caliph. This is considered the most important artifact left behind…
Behrens-Abouseif, Doris. "The Lion-Gazele Mosaic at Khirbat Al-Mafjar." (20
Khoury, Nuha N.N. "The Mihrab: From Text to Form." International Journal of Middle East Studies, 30(1998): 1-27.
Rabbat, Nasser. "The Meaning of the Umayyad Dome of the Rock." (20
Ruggles, D. Fairchild. "The Mirador in Abbasid and Hisapno-Umayyad Garden Typology." (20
Islamic Philosophy Abul-Waleed Muhammad Ibn Rushd: His Work and Philosophy Abul-Waleed Muhammad Ibn Rushd (1126-1198 C.E), also known as Averroes, is regarded by many as one of the foremost Islamic philosophers and a pivotal figure in the history of Andalusian philosophy. He is also deemed an important figure in the history of Western philosophy. An important contribution to Islamic culture and philosophy was his defense of Greek philosophy in the Islamic world as well as his emphasis on the philosophy of Aristotle. Ibn Rushd is credited with the introduction of "rationalism" into Islamic philosophy. A as Etienne Gilson has written in his Reason and Revelation in the Middle Ages, Rationalism was born in Spain in the mind of an Arabian philosopher, as a conscious reaction against the theologism of the Arabian divines, by whom he means the Ash'arite Mutakallimun. (Fakhry) In global terms it has been asserted that not only…
Allahhakbar. Net. Groundwork on Islamic Philosophy in the context of Modern Western Philosophy. 3 March 2004. www.salaf.indiaaccess.com/atheist/groundwork_on_islamic_philosophy.htm
Fakhry M. Averroes: (Ibn Rushd) His Life, Works and Influence. 4 March, 2004. www.oneworld-publications.com/books/texts/averroes-his-life-woks-and-influence-intro.htm
Hillier C. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 4 March, 2004. http://www.iep.utm.edu/i/ibnrushd.htm
IIDL. Abul Walid Muhammed Ibn Ahmed Ibn Rush. 4 March, 2004. http://iidl.net/index.php?ch=15&pg=64&ac=111
Pottery Making Art Islamic Civilization Please Illustrative
pottery making art islamic civilization. Please illustrative timeline. Please include outline beginning. Islamic pottery is an essential part of the Islamic culture Early beginnings of Islamic pottery Historical and geographical challenges Pottery as a necessity, not an art Islamic pottery transformed from an activity to an art The periods of the Islamic pottery Middle period Influences of Chinese pottery Color Materials Graphics Improvements of techniques and materials ole of calligraphy and technical discoveries Increase of the value of pottery for the Islamic culture The Islamic art is one of the most significant parts of the Islamic culture and of the world heritage. Islamic pottery has in this sense an important place in the structure of the Middle Eastern art. The history and development of Islamic pottery is representative for the development of Islamic art and reflects the influences of external cultures on the evolution of art in the region. Given…
Atwood, R. (2005) "Basra's Inventive Potters" in Archaeology, Vol. 58, No 2, March / April, available at http://www.archaeology.org/0503/reviews/basra.html
Grube. E (n.d.) "The Art of Islamic Pottery." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. Available at http://www.metmuseum.org/pubs/bulletins/1/pdf/3258167.pdf.bannered.pdf
Jenkins, O. (2000). "Emergence and Evolvement of the Islamic Tin-glazed Pottery," The 8th Research Seminar on the History of Middle Eastern Ceramics. Available at http://www.l.u-tokyo.ac.jp/IAS/HP-e2/eventreports/44ceramics8IM.html
Luter, J. (1974) "The Potters of Islam." Saudi Aramco World. Available at http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/197404/the.potters.of.islam.htm
Detroit Institute of Art
Detroit Institute of Arts is located on Woodward Avenue, at 5200, in Detroit Michigan. The Institute is open to the public from 9am to 4 pm, on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, from 9am to 10 pm, on ridays, and from 10 am to 5 pm, on Sundays. According to the museum's website, tickets for the general admission cost 8$ / person for adults, 6$ / person for seniors, 4$ / person for youth (6-17) and 5$/person for college students. Admission is free for those under 5. ree general admission is also provided for residents of the city of Detroit, each riday, and for everyone, on the second Sunday of each month. The museum's original building, designed by the architect Philippe Cret at the beginning of the 1920s and opened to the public in 1926, has suffered transformations throughout the years, through additions and alterations, but its Italian-Renaissance is still impressive…
For food and beverages there are CafeDIA and Cresge Court Coffe Shop that are available for those who want to take a break, find a meeting place or rest and enjoy a cup of coffee and a bite before immersing in the world of art again.
A visit at the Detroit Institute of Arts is overall a pleasant way of spending some time in the world of art, be it in the company of ancient, classical, modern or contemporary art or in pursuit of learning more about techniques, artists and their works of art or about how to become an artist. The stuff is helpful and knowledgeable and someone will always help you find your way around.
Detroit Institute of Arts, http://www.dia.org /, ©2013 Detroit Institute of Arts
Henri Matisse Art Is Life
He traveled to Africa, Spain, and Germany and even studied in Russia, where he was exposed to Islamic art. The Dance is one painting that captures a new direction and style of Matisse's painting. Here Matisse is focusing on a single act of humanity. The style is more compact in it use of color. The interplay of human activity is one of the most significant changes we see in Matisse's work. The colors in this piece seem to work more with each other as a whole than they do in the Open indow, Collioure. The shapes could also represent the Eastern influence that we see can be traced backed to the kind of style used in rugs or other decorative pieces. This paining looks as though it is complementing life itself. It is also worth noting that the Dance is completely focused on pleasure. In the Dance, we also see…
Flam, Jack. Matisse on Art. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1995.
Cultural Advances Made Islamic World Tenth Fifteenth
cultural advances made Islamic world tenth fifteenth centuries? eference Book: A History World Societies, Eighth Edition, Vol1 by: McKay, Hill, Buckler, Ebrey, Beck, Crowston, & Wiesner-Hanks The apogee of the Islamic world when considering cultural and scientific innovations took place between the tenth and fifteenth centuries A.D. Islamic art flourished during this period, as Muslims started to experience significant progress in creating artwork using ceramics, glass, and metals. Similarly, the intellectual segment experienced great developments as individuals started to write more and more manuscripts and as calligraphy progressed. In spite of the fact that philosophy was a field that Muslims were generally reluctant to address because it was believed to be accountable for inducing unorthodox thinking in individuals, many Muslims did not hesitate to express philosophical thought and were actually very successful in doing so. A great deal of Muslims focused on philosophical thought expressed during Antiquity and adapted it…
Marcinkowski, C., 2009, The Islamic World and the West: Managing Religious and Cultural Identities in the Age of Globalisation, LIT Verlag Munster
McKay, J.P., 2009, A history of world societies, 8th edition, Bedford / St. Martin's
Role of Islam as a Unifying Force
role of Islam as a unifying force Perhaps more than any other religion in the world, Islam has put to work its less obvious sense in order to unify the peoples sharing the same belief. Through its art, its common language and its judicial system that has the Koran teachings at its base, Islam was a unifying force among the Arabic peoples of the Arabic Peninsula, Northern Africa and the Middle East. There is a short discussion I would like to address here and that is to identify the differences between culture and civilization. This will help us see how religion LO is included in this set of concepts. From my point-of-view, religion LO can be considered an element of civilization through its cultural component. If we exclude Marxist ideology that argue that civilization is but a certain level that culture has attained and make no distinction between the two,…
Relation Between Culture and Dream and Use of Those Element in the Art Work
Culture, Dreams, And Artwork Dreams and artwork are two things that seem to provide an invitation for interpretation, and cultural perspective is almost always going to influence that interpretation. At first blush, this statement may seem to fly in the face of Jungian interpretation, since the collective unconscious and the enduring interpretation of symbols might suggest that symbols would not vary across cultures. However, such an interpretation ignores the fact that Jung acknowledges the impact that individual culture has on the interpreter. While symbols may retain a broader overall meaning across cultures, the details of those symbols are certainly influenced by the surrounding culture. Moreover, some symbols may be culturally specific. In fact, this paper will discuss the veil and its relation to Islam, and how the surrounding culture can color interpretations of the veil in art and in dreams. Because the symbols in dreams and artwork are influenced by…
Compare to Ancient Art Work
LACMA Artifacts One of the strengths of the collections at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art is collection of works from the ancient Near East. This paper examines two of those artifacts, discussing both their aesthetics properties as well as the historical, political and cultural context in which the two works were created. These works - although they provide only the barest glimpse into the complexities of cultural and religious dynamics of the region - nevertheless help us to understand the intimate and powerful way in which religion and culture are linked even today in the Middle East. (Images of the two works are appended to the end of this paper.) The first work is two leaves taken from the Koran, the holy book of Islam made during the Abbasid caliphate during the ninth or tenth centuries. Even for a viewer who cannot read Arabic and who knows little…
Peterson, Andrew. Dictionary of Islamic Architecture. New York: Routledge, 1995.
Wiet, Gaston. Baghdad: Metropolis of the Abbasid Caliphate. Norman: U. Of Oklahoma, 1971.
Zakiriya, Mohamed. The Calligraphy of Islam: Reflections on the State of the Art. Washington DC: Center for Contemporary Arabic Studies, 1990.
Allan, James. Islamic Ceramics. Oxford: Asmolean, 1995.
Fawaz A Gerges' America and Political Islam
Fawaz a. Gerges' America and Political Islam Fawaz A.Gerges' book, America and Political Islam, attempts to analyse the complex relationship between the United States and Political Islam. America and Political Islam provides a thoughtful insight into how American policy-makers, and media have responded to the political challenges posed by the Middle East. Ultimately, after his careful and meticulous analysis, Gerges argues that the American government and establishment have viewed Islam and Muslims based on inaccuracy, prejudice and ignorance, and that American foreign policy has been largely formed in the same inaccurate and prejudiced vein. Gerges carefully reviews the historical political situation, analyses the present relationship between the United States and the Islamic world, and dares to make recommendations on how this relationship can be managed, and hopefully, improved, in the future. Gerges' main thesis is that the United States political scene, and accompanying political, cultural, security, and historical issues, explain…
Gerges, Fawaz A.,. America and political Islam: clash of cultures or clash of interests?
Cambridge, U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Islamic Luster Wear the Area
The potter has complete control over the shape the pot takes by the pressure, how fast he spins the potting wheel, and the moisture and pressure he applies from inside and outside the pot. He can keep the pot short and stout by slowing the wheel decreasing the outside pressure, or by spinning it faster and pulling upward he can grow the pot taller. The bearing has to be maintained and kept lubricated, and the potter used animal fat to lubricate it. The bearing was made of stone, and could be replaced to keep the wheel in the best working condition. Other ways to create pots, even after the potter's wheel, was to coil the pot and shape it entirely by hand, smoothing out the coils and shaping it with just the artist's skills of hand control. Obviously, the wheel was an invention that much improved the process. Although there…
Grave, Peter, (Andrew S. Fairbairn, Sue O'Connor and Ben Marwick, Eds.) Melting Moments: Modelling archeological high temperature ceramic data, New Directions in Archeological Science (2009), Archeology and Palaeonthropology (University of New England, Armidale, Australia), Chapter 15, 215-232.
Memmi, Isabella Turbani, Pottery production and distribution: the contribution of mineralogical and petrographical methodologies in Italy, Periodico di Mineralogia, 73 (2004), 239-257.
Staubach, Suzanne, Clay: The History and Evolution of Humankind's Relationship with Earth's Most Primal Element (2005). Berkley: Berkley Hardcover Press.
Zaimeche, PhD Salah, Malagwa, Foundation for Science Technology and Civilisation (2005), June, 8.
Art of Ruling an Islamic Society It is the purpose of this paper to compare and contrast the ideologies of three prominent Muslim scholars in regards to the art of ruling an Islamic society. The scholars in question are Al-Farabi, Ibn Khaldun and Ibn Taymiyya. Al-Farabi was born in 870 in Turkmenistan. He became a renowned scholar, making significant contributions to mathematics, physics and philosophy. His great contribution to the political sciences came in the form of the Model City, a book that has been compared to Plato's Republic in its scholarship and profundity. Since his death in 950, he has become known by Muslims worldwide as the Second Teacher (the First Teacher being Aristotle). Ibn Khaldun was born in 1332 in Tunisia. Also a renowned scholar in his day, Ibn Khaldun's most notable work is the Muqqadimah. This book not only served as a world history up to his…
Islamic movements come to dominate the political landscape of Iran and Saudi rabia in the last thirty years? Why have democratic advances been so limited in these two countries? Is there any relationship between these two trends or are they independent of each other? In both modern Iran and modern Saudi rabia, over the past thirty years, two fundamental forces have dominated the discourse of these nations -- that of Islamic Fundamentalism and a hatred of Western, specifically merican intrusions of 'modernity,' in cultural and political forms. In the absence of the ability to compete, technologically with the West, or culturally on a global level, these nations have turned inward, and some historians might say 'to their pasts' and attempted to create Islamic rather than secular renditions of modernity. However, because of the corresponding lack of democratic structures within these referenced traditional Islamic political modalities, and the association of the…
After the Islamic revolution in Iran the new political structures that were instated ensured that fundamentalist Islamic point-of-view became synonymous with the new Iran. For instance, in 1982 Khomeini insisted that Iran's courts discard all secular legal codes and base their decisions solely on Islamic regulations. (Cleveland 423) To oppose Islamic fundamentalism in Iran was not only to stand against the new regime, it was to engage in an act of heresy. Democracy was decadent, and Western, and to adopt the Western political mindset was to disastrously weaken the nation.
In this text, Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam Gilles Kepel in Chapter 5 states that Iran, in the wake of the death of Khomeni, has since attempted to reform some of its strictures, instating democratic but still Islamic elections, for instance, that has created some semblance of what one might call 'democracy' in the nation. Even more recently, the arts have begun to be resurrected in Iran. There has even been a return to pre-Iranian cultural institutions, such as the presence of Western music and movies within the republic.
Likewise, nascent Saudi Arabian feminism has manifested itself as women have protested their inability to drive, or made use of mandatory 'all female' enclaves such as banks, to discuss and create sites of discussion and debate. The private/public dichotomy of female dress and both male and female behavior in both countries may hold the seeds of a kind of revolution or renegotiation of Islamic identity. But it will be a revolution on Islamic and Middle Eastern cultural terms, a negotiation rather than a revolution in the Western sense of uprooting the old entirely -- for what is Islamic in these nations is not really 'old' at all, as William Cleveland suggests. Rather, Islamic fundamentalism is more of a delicate negotiation, socially, politically, and economically, in both Saudi Arabia and Iran, in an effort for these nations to remain distinct in a world and even a region they see as increasingly dominated by American needs and influence.
Islam A Mosaic Not a
D., various rulers expanded the religion in what was known as the Golden Age of Islam. Muslims made huge advances in military might, the sciences, and the arts. However, the different factions of Islam haunted the religion, even in the Golden Age of its existence. Gregorian then goes to explore the territorial dispute which led to the centuries of fighting with Christian nations in what was known in the West as the Crusades. However, it was not the Christian Westerners who did the most damage to the Muslim strongholds but barbaric Mongols who eventually ended the Golden Age of Islam. The rise of the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century revived the greatness of the Muslim tradition. The modern era, with the culmination of the Industrial Revolution, later diminished the grandeur and power of the various Muslim empires in the Middle East and Asia. With this decline many empires which,…
Islamic Golden Age Was Open
The display of the various religious artwork effectively served to reinforce the fact that such faith was the governing power in the land, which the church itself reflected merely in its principle usage as a house of worship. The Hagia Sophia served a similar purpose, as it was built during one of the periods of devastation inflicted upon the Hagia Irene and was also viewed as a symbol of not only Christianity's reign, but also that of Emperor Justinian who commissioned the work. One of the most important professions which could be learned at the trade guilds which was that of master builder, which included several lengthy stages of work which could eventually take youths into the chief senior architects of the day. There is a substantial amount of evidence that can be seen regarding the Byzantine influence in the position of the master builder, who was called a mechanikos.…
Islam and Christianity
belief systems of Christians and Muslim, particularly in how they view angels. Both religions believe angels exist, and that they are an important part of their religious beliefs. They both believe angels can guide and support people here on Earth, and they are messengers of God or Allah. They also believe they can be vengeful and destructive, and angels play an important role in the stories of the Qur'an and the Bible. Angels are only one of the commonalities between these two religions, but they are an important link to two very diverse religions, and they show that many religions have core beliefs that link them together, whether they want to admit it or not. Comparing Angels in Islam and Christianity The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and analyze the topic of Islam and Christianity issues. Specifically it will compare and contrast the faith doctrine of angels…
Akbar, M.J. (2002). The shade of swords: Jihad and the conflict between Islam and Christianity. London: Routledge.
Ali, A.Y. The holy Qur'an. London, UK: Wordsworth Editions.
Gauss, J.A. (2009). Islam and Christianity: A revealing contrast. From Christian Broadcasting Network. Retrieved June 11, 2009 from http://www.cbn.com/spirituallife/BibleStudyAndTheology/perspectives/Gauss_Islam_Christianity.aspx .
Holy Bible (New King James Version). (2009). From Bible Gateway. Retrieved June 11, 2009 from http://www.biblegateway.com/ .
Jewish Christian Islamic Belief How Religions Compare
Jewish, Christian Islamic belief? How religions compare ? Talk discussion: Judaism: Creation Patriarchs Prophets Kings the Bible Literature Early Christianity, Islam, and Judaism are three of the most renowned religions in the world and this is reflected by the number of followers supporting each religious ideology and by their background. In spite of the fact that there have been many conflicts between individuals following these three religions, they have a lot of similarities. The concepts that they put across made it possible for numerous individuals to express interest in wanting to live in accordance with their laws and gradually made them three of the most important religions in the world. hile one might find it difficult to compare these religions due to their complex background, it is actually not very difficult to find correlations and differences between the three. Christianity, Islam, and Judaism are all monotheistic religions and they all…
Busse, Heribert, Islam, Judaism, and Christianity: theological and historical affiliations, (Markus Wiener Publishers, 1998)
Kleiner, Fred S. Gardner's Art Through the Ages: A Concise Western History, (Cengage Learning, 2010)
Ruthven, Malise, Islam: A Very Short Introduction, (Oxford University Press, 2012)
Von Harnack, Adolf, What is Christianity?, (Fortress Press, 1987)
Problems and Challenges of Catholicism Confucianism and Islam Between 1450-1750
Confucianism, Catholicism and Islam between 1450 and 1750. Three major religions, located at diverse axes of the world, Catholicism, Confucianism, and Islam, were faced with similar problems and challenges in the years between 1450 and 1750. Catholicism encountered a militant Protestant Reformation in the shape of Martin Luther King that espoused religion whilst criticizing the Pope. Confucianism, in the shape of the renowned philosopher and politician Wang Vangming, grappled with a future that threatened to challenge its traditional learning and way of life whilst Wahhabism introduced fundamentalist religion into an Islam that had gradually become more secular and detached from the Koran-simulated way of life. The following essay elaborates on their individual problems and challenges. Catholicism. Luther's Protestantism effectively ended the many years of sole religious monopoly that the Catholic Church had on Europe. At the same time, Catholicism was also threatened by the new Humanism that tentatively insisted, first…
Sources. (vol. 2) Bedford; New York, *.
1 Strayer, p.751
2 Strayer. p.755
Indian Art for Centuries Philosophers
Looking at one of Kulkarni's pieces, a Peasant in the City, oil on canvas done sometime in the 1960s, we see a trend in modern Indian art in which the protagonist is featured as a part of an abstract background. Literally, the piece is a snapshot of a man and a beast, at night in a large urban area. The man is downcast, downtrodden, with no discernible ethnicity or age. He is a mixture of gray, and his elongated facial features suggest that he is, or has been, weeping. The single animal by his side could be a dog, a cow, or a representation of simply an "animal." The animal's front leg is extended, ostensibly onto the fence in which the man is leaning. The houses are abstract, made up of geometric lines and some color, designed it seems to indicate that they are lit. The moon is full, but…
Datta, S. (2006). K.S. Kulkarni: Life of Form in Art. Kumargallery. Retrieved from: http://www.kumargallery.com/forthcomingexhibitions/kskulkarni/kskulkarnireview.htm
Krishna Shamrao Kulkarni -- Profile. (2012). Saffronart. Retrieved from: http://www.saffronart.com/artist/artistprofile.aspx?artistid=260&a=Krishna%20Shamrao%20Kulkarni
Indian Art In what ways are the form and function of the Buddhist stupa and Hindu temple similar to or different from the Islamic mosque? The Buddhist Stupa, the Hindu Temple, and the Islamic Mosque all have social, cultural, and religious functions. Their physical forms are more similar than they are different, in that each boasts tapered and often rounded edifices. However, Hindu temples are more likely to have angular features and involve the use of straight lines and parallel planes; both stupas and mosques prefer curvilinear elements and bulbous forms. Hindu temples and Muslim mosques will also have larger interior spaces devote to personal prayer. In what ways may the Quwwat al-Islam Mosque in Delhi be considered an Islamic (ate) building and an Indic one in terms of its construction and its design? The Quwwat al-Islam Mosque in Delhi is clearly Islamic because of the minaret, as well as…
Communication Islamic Countries Freedom in All Its
Communication Islamic Countries Freedom in all its forms is a highly contested topic across all areas of politics, not only in countries where freedom has been traditionally repressed, but even in the most democratic of states, such as the United States and the UK. When freedom extends to the press, the contestability of the topic gains an extra dimension. Some critics, for example, advocate freedom of the press only to such an extent as its ability to promote a peaceful existence and harmony among citizens and their government. Others, however, would see the press gaining complete freedom, regardless of its consequences for personal and collective peace. In Muslim countries such as Indonesia and the United Arab Emirates, freedom extended to the press and the media is yet further muddied by the importance of religious and state rule in these countries. In both environments, Islam remains the main ruling force in…
Article 19. (2005, Dec.). Freedom of Expression aand the Media in Indonesia. Alliance of Independent Journalists. Retrieved from: http://www.article19.org/data/files/pdfs/publications/indonesia-baseline-study.pdf
BBC News Middle East. (2012, June 15). United Arab Emirates Profile: Media. Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14704229
BBC News Middle East. (2012, June 15). United Arab Emirates: Overview. Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14703998
El-Baltaji, D. (2009, Fall). Emirates Press Law. Arab Media & Society, Iss. 9. Retrieved from: http://www.arabmediasociety.com/?article=727
Westernization -- European Art Music
To wit, there has been a "large-scale migration to the big cities, Pohlit explains, and that has "inclined the balance of power in cultural matters in favor of the poor and uneducated." Hence, the intellectual upper class now operates from a "narrow retreat, now itself a pariah," Pohlit continues. And that intellectual upper class of course has all the estern classical music it can possibly listen to, but it remains unable to uphold its esternized "Turkishness" with any degree of impact at all (Pohlit). Art Music Composers ilhelm Peterson-Berger (1867-1942) holds the highly respected position as the most popular art music composer in Sweden's history, according to Frederick Key Smith (Smith, 2002). Peterson-Berger thought of himself as more of a "symphonist and composer of agnerian operas than as a composer of miniatures," Smith explains. Peterson-Berger was raised in a home with a lot of culture; his father was fluent in…
Olsen, Dale A., and Sheehy, Daniel E. (2001). "Art Music." In The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: The United States and Canada / Ellen Koskoff, Ed., Oxon, UK: Taylor & Francis.
Pohlit, Stefan. (2010). Musical Life and Westernization in the Republic of Turkey.
Schismogenesis and Cultural Revisioning in Contemporary Music. Retrieved August 14,
2011, from http://www.stefanpohlit.com .
Understanding the Impact of Diversity in Adult Arts Education
Learning Objectives for Adult Education Managing and Exploiting the Impact of Classroom Diversity in Adult Arts Education As the American population becomes increasingly diverse, so goes classroom diversity (Cooper, 2012). By the end of the current decade, a White majority will no longer exist among the 18 and under age group. This rapid progression towards a plurality has already impacted primary schools, but the trend toward increasing diversity is beginning to affect adult education classrooms as well. If educators simply ignore this trend, not only will the academic success of students be harmed, but also the professional skills of educators. The solution, according to Brookfield (1995), is not the adoption of an innocent or naive attitude towards the diverse needs and abilities of racially and ethnically diverse students, but to engage in a process of critical self-reflection. Such a process would help educators uncover their own hidden motives and intentions,…
Berry, J.W. (1971). Ecological and cultural factors in spatial perceptual development. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 3(4), 324-36.
Brookfield, S.D. (1995). Becoming a Critically Reflective Teacher. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Brookfield, S.D. (2012). Teaching for critical thinking: Tools and techniques for helping students question their assumptions (1st ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Brookfield, S.D. (2013). Powerful techniques for teaching adults. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishing.
Christianity and Islam Expansion The Early Middle Ages
Expansion for Christianity and Islam in the Early Middle AgesThe death of Jesus on the wooden cross and the fallen fruit from the tree for Adam is symbols of both the religions that have become instruments of salvation for their respective believers. However, it was unbearable for the non-believers and against their status quo that they had been living in for years of ignorance that the advent of such religions came to obscure. They could not take it that some messengers of Christianity and Islam came to rule their world by saying they should obey one God and not do unholy things God has forbidden. Therefore, the thesis of the paper stands as: the expansion of Christianity and Islam in the early middle ages was harsh and intolerable for the non-believers.Development of IslamAfter the death of Justinian, the great builder who took hold of yzantines, the said empire was distorted…
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Analyzing Art From India
Artistic Overview of the Taj Mahal Though monumental tombs had a long history in the Islamic architecture in India, they were not a part of either the Buddhist or Hindu traditions. Numerous tombs were erected in India by the Delhi sultans but the Taj Mahal at Agra was incomparable in magnificence. Jahangir's son, Shah Jahan, as a memorial to Mumtaz Mahal, his beloved wife, constructed the huge tomb, though it ultimately ended up as the ruler's tomb too. The central block's dome-on-cube shape contains antecedents of earlier Islamic tombs and other Islamic structures like the Alai Darvaza located at Delhi, but the refinements and changes in Agra tomb's design have turned the earlier immense structures into a magnificent structure of sparkling white marble. The Taj Mahal appears to be magically floating above the tree-lined reflecting pools that punctuate the garden that leads to it (Art History 280 lecture notes). Taj…
Art History 280 lecture notes. (N.D). Late Islamic and Arabic Court Art. Retrieved from: http://www.public.iastate.edu/~tart/fall2003arth280website/arth280.html
Asher, C. B. (2009). Belief and Contestation in India: The Case of the Taj Mahal. ASIA Network Exchange, XVII (1), 8-25. Retrieved 21 June 2016 fromhttp://asianetwork.org/ane-archived-issues/2009-fall/anex2009-fall-asher.pdf
Begley, W. E. (2011). The myth of the Taj Mahal and a New Theory of Its Symbolic Meaning. The Art Bulletin. Retrieved 21 June 2016 from http://www.collegeart.org/pdf/artbulletin/Art%20Bulletin%20Vol%2061%20No%201%20Begley.pdf
Koch, E. (2006). The Taj Mahal: Architecture, Symbolism, and Urban Significance.128-149. Retrieved 21 June 2016 from http://archnet.org/system/publications/contents/5423/original/DPC2168.pdf
Dance and Music in Islam
Though the sema is performed for an audience, the main goal is not to entertain, but instead for the individual dancer to recognize his or her submission to God, to ultimately enter into a state of nirvana and to join together with the forces of nature and connect with God, and then to finally descend back to earth to the humble task of being a servant. It isn't about letting go of any kind of control, but it is designed to allow the practitioner to escape the mundane for a few moments, and to provide them with something to reflect on in prayer after the dance is complete. The Qu'ran states, "Say, 'ho prohibited the nice things God has created for His creatures, and the good provisions?' Say,' such provisions are to be enjoyed in THIS life by those who BELIEVE. Moreover, the good provisions will be exclusively theirs on…
The Holy Quran with English Translation and Commentary. Ed. Mahmud Ahmad
Bashiruddin. 5 vols. Tilford, Surrey: Islam International Publications, 1988.
Sadler, A. Mysticism and Devotion in the Music of the Qawwali. New York: Performing
Arts Program of the Asia Society, 1974.
Philosophy of Misleading the Art
Aristotle's elements of honor state: "The elements of honour are: sacrifices, memorials both in verse and without metre, rewards, sanctuaries, precedence, tombs, statutes, public maintenance, barbarian practices, such as genuflection and standing back, and gifts, which are valued by all recipients. Indeed, a gift is a surrender of property and an indication of status, which is why it is sought by the mercenary and the ambitious, providing as it does what they both seek, as the mercenary are after possessions and the ambitious are after status (Aristotle, Lawson-Tancred, p. 89)." The wars begun after September 11, 2001, have long ceased to be about bringing to justice the perpetrators of evil and destruction, and have become the mechanisms to obtaining possessions (material wealth) for politically aligned news media, and the elevation to status for the right and the left public officials who gain support and attention for saying the right things,…
Aristotle and Lawson-Trancred, H. (1991). The Art of Rhetoric, Penguinclassics.com,
Birenbaum, a. (1997). Managed Care: Made in America, Westport, CT., Praeger
Seeing Spirituality in Art
Greek sculptures, 'Veiled and Masked Dancer' and 'Hermes and the Infant Dionysos' dating back to the art periods, and their connection to the realm of spirituality. Is art linked to spirituality in any special way? One might find a number of reasons to answer in the affirmative; there, indeed, appears to be some sort of profuse series of links among the two. Art has always occupied a central position in religion. In religious rituals and houses of worship, one can witness sacred dances, sacred symbols, hymns, sacred pictures, tunes, and chants; these art forms have also been utilized as meditation and prayer aids by all religions. The above examples of art in religion alone make the former discipline appear to be intrinsic to connecting with or expressing the divine (Art and Spirituality 1). eligious art represents a superior art form in both Western medieval Christianity and Eastern Orthodox Christianity. Buddhists…
Ancient Greece - History, mythology, art, war, culture, society, and architecture. (n.d.). Praxiteles - Ancient Greek Sculptor. Retrieved October 16, 2015, from http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/People/Praxiteles/
Ancient Greece. History of Greece: Classical Greece. (n.d.). Retrieved October 16, 2015, from http://ancient-greece.org/history/classical.html
Garcia, A. (n.d.). Endnotes. Endnotes -- Statuette of a veiled and masked dancer this. Retrieved October 17, 2015, from http://mcuhistory.tumblr.com/post/60566947687/statuette-of-a-veiled-and-masked-dancer-this
History Canada -- Videos, TV Schedule & Watch Full Episodes Online. (n.d.). Hellenistic Greece - Ancient History - HISTORY.com. Retrieved October 17, 2015, from http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/hellenistic-greece
Rufaida The Pioneer of Nursing in Islam
Future of Nursing Education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia The primary objective of this book is to provide the reader with evidence-based nursing education and practice principles. The goal of this work is to help nursing educators and nurse practitioners develop evidence-based nursing education standards and curriculum while providing nurses with effective examples of patient-centered care that is both high quality and cost effective. Patients and family members in Saudi Arabia have needs and expectations that nurses should seek to meet and fulfill. To that end, this book aims to support nurses and nurse educators. The cultural values of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are also an important component of this work, as it is the culture of this country that supports and advances the aims of the nursing profession. This is seen in every aspect of the nursing profession -- from the earliest days of the first nursing…
Aldossary, A., While, A., Barriball, L. (2008). Health care and nursing in Saudi Arabia.
International Nursing Review, 55(1): 125-128.
Al-Hashem, A. (2016). Health education in Saudi Arabia. Sultan Qaboos University
Medical Journal, 16(3): e286-e292.
Olmec Although Scientists Found Artifacts and Art
Olmec Although scientists found artifacts and art objects of the Olmecs; until this century they did not know about the existence of the Olmecs. Most of the objects which were made by this community were associated with other civilizations, such as Mayan, Toltec or Chichimecan. The Olmec lived between 1600 B.C. And 1400 B.C. In South Mexico. The name of this tribe comes from an Aztec word "ollin" which means "land of rubber." At first they ate fish and they later start to farm, and that made it possible for them to "develop the first major civilization in Mesoamerica." (The Olmec Civilization) Thanks to the steady food supplies the Olmec population grew and some came to have other occupations. "Some became potters or weavers. Others became priests or teachers." (Ibidem) Once the population grew, so did their farming villages which developed into cities. The present-day city of San Lorenzo was…
1. The Olmec Civilization, Retrieved December 14, 2012, from the Pleasant Valley School website: http://www.pvsd.k12.ca.us/180120521134440680/lib/180120521134440680/11-2_SG_7th.pdf
2. Villeacas, Daniel, Mother Culture of Mexico: The Olmecs, Denver Public Schools, 2005, Retrieved December 14, 2012, from the Denver Public Schools website: http://etls.dpsk12.org/documents/Alma/units/MotherCultureMexicoOlmecs.pdf
3. Olmec -- Masterworks of Ancient Mexico, Retrieved December 14, 2012, from the Los Angeles County Museum of Art website: http://www.lacma.org/eduprograms/EvesforEds/OlmecEssay.pdf
4. Hansen, Valerie, Curtis Kenneth, Curtis, Kenneth R., Voyages in World History: To 1600, Volume 1, Cengage Learning, December 30, 2008
Romanesque Church Art in the
Churches represented the primary type of Romanesque architecture. Despite regional variations, Romanesque architecture shares a multitude of common characteristics such as harmonious proportions, stone barrel vault, round arches supporting the roof, thick and heavy walls and pillars, or small windows. Also, most Romanesque churches feature round arches used for exterior and interior decoration, a nave with side aisles though there is also a number of small, more modest churches which do not have an aisle), galleries above the side aisles, separated from the nave by a triforium, a transept, an apse and an ambulatory around the apse. Also, most Romanesque churches have multiples towers, as well as sculptured decorations on portals and capitals, and painted decorations throughout the interior. One of the most important structural developments of Romanesque architecture was the stone barrel vault which was intended as an alternative to wooden roofs which were prone to fires (Butt 162).…
Browne, Edith A. Romanesque Architecture. Kessinger Publishing, 2005.
Butt, John J. Daily life in the age of Charlemagne. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002.
Bahram Gur and Azada's Representations
Bahram Gur and Azada's Representations The significance of Bahram Gur and Azad scene depiction is on artistic bowls of the medieval time. The bowls refer to ceramics, which illustrate different stories of Persian epic. This form of ceramic in modern times associate with Islamic ceramics, and it is a medieval enameling technique of Persia. These forms of enamel characterized by painting also relate to abundant figurative decorations. Few examples indicate that these paintings originate from the city of Kashan (Richard 25-31). The city was a leading manufacturing centre during the period. Decoration of minai', a painting, which uses both over glazed and unglazed techniques, was famous with the town of Kashan. Description of Appearance of the Bowls All minai bowls or vessels are typical white, but at times have turquoise. The technique of decoration is inglaze technique where decorations application is over unfired base, and during firing, the pigments sink…
Richard Ettinghausen, "BahramGur's Hunting Feats or the Problem of Identification," Iran
(17, 1979), 25-31.
Reuben Levy, "BahramGur and Azada," from The Epic of Kings, Shah-Nama the National
Epic of Persia (London, 1967), 298-301.
Using the Museum as a Medium How Museums Function as a Medium in Paris France
Museums in Paris The Louvre Museum can be categorized as one of the world's largest and most magnificent museums. It also marks a monument and an attractive sightseeing location for tourists from all over the world. Standing near the River Seine and stretching over 60,000 meters square, this museum has its own unique history. The museum was a transformation from the Louvre Palace, built as a fortress for King Louis XIV. He considered the Palace too small for his needs and then went on to making the Palace of Versailles. He left behind this beautifully structured monument to become the museum of beautiful art. The Louvre Museum was initiated in 1793 with initially just 537 paintings. Many of these were the confiscated church paintings and the others were donations from the prestigious and powerful people of the time. Slowly and gradually, the collection of the museum started increasing under Napoleon…
Danilov, Victor J. Museum careers and training: A professional guide. Greenwood Press, 194.
Dean, David. Museum Exhibition: Theory and Practice. Routledge, 1996.
Friedlander, Max J. Early Netherlands Painting: From Van Eyck to Bruegel. Phaidon Publishers, 1956.
Greenhill, Eileen Hooper. Museum, Media, Message. Routledge, 1995.
Orhan Pamuk's My Name Is
" But Pamuk's techniques force the reader to come to the conclusion that an artistic identity must fuse both past and present, have some flexibility and personal style, yet innovate with the demands of modernity terms of the way tradition is presented. This is the implied counsel of Pamuk's story. Learn from the past, as he urges readers to do by writing a historical narrative. However, do not slavishly follow or copy the past, or lock the self away from outside influences, including those influences of other religions and cultures. Pamuk suggests that a unilateral idea of estern selfishness is not sustaining, and he provides instruction for esterners how to view the concept of the self to understand Islam, but ultimately a modern artist cannot live blind like Osman, blind to the presence of other points-of-view, however beautiful Osman's art may have been. Utter self-annihilation in art and in life…
Pamuk, Orham. My Name is Red. Translated by Erdaq Goknar. New York: Vintage, 2002.
Orham Pamuk, My Name is Red, translated by Erdaq Goknar, (New York: Vintage, 2002), p.3
Progressivist Museums The progressivist philosophy of culture, which posits that advancements in science, technology, social, and economic development are crucial in the development of advanced societies, and that societies advance from a state of barbarism toward a more civilized state, is evident in the modes of display of some of the most popular museums in the world. These museums, The Louvre in Paris, Pitt Rivers in Oxford, and the Smithsonian in D.C., use the progressivist ideology to promote both a cultural theory and a strident nationalism rooted in the belief that its citizens are advancing towards the promise of a better tomorrow. This paper will show how these museums do so. As Andrew McClellan states, "the public for art is diverse and divided by interests and levels of knowledge." Appealing to and uniting these diverse interests is what a progressivist museum must do in order to guide its public to…
Coombs, Annie E. "Museums and the Formation of National and Cultural Identities."
Oxford Art Journal, vol. 11, no. 2 (1988): 57-68.
McClellan, Andrew. "A Brief History of the Art Museum Public." Art and Its Publics.
Oxford: Blackwell, 2003.
Impressions the Louvre the Louvre an Architectural
Impressions The Louvre The Louvre, an architectural masterpiece, has dominated central Paris since the late 12th century. The original structure was gradually dwarfed as the city grew. The dark fortress of the early days was transformed into the modernized dwelling of Francois I and, later, the sumptuous palace of the Sun King, Louis XIV. My online tour of the Louvre allowed me to take a virtual, self-guided, room-by-room tour of the museum. The web site allows navigation through exhibition rooms and galleries and allows one to contemplate the facades of the museum. The first thing one sees before entering the museum is the garden, a delight during any season of the year. It is the perfect place for a relaxing stroll and it offers a range of activities for visitors. There are more than ten sections in the museum for different kinds of art from all around the world including…
Empires in Early Centuries
Byzantine Empire in the Eastern Mediterranean that extended from Syria, Egypt up to and across North Africa is seen to have made significant contact with the emerging Islamic world in the period from seventh and ninth Centuries. The seventh century saw the vast territories in these regions being ruled by the Byzantine Empire from Constantinople, the now Istanbul. These Southern provinces or territories were greatly influenced by the Greco-oman traditions and formed the home of Coptic, Orthodox and Syriac Christians and Jewish communities. These regions were critical to the wealth and the power of the empire. Great centers for pilgrimage saw large numbers of faithful visit the place coming from as far off as Yemen towards the East and Scandinavia towards the West. There were also major trade routes that extended all the way to India in the South that saw ferrying of silk and ivories into the region, commerce…
Cunningham & Reich, (n.d.: Pp 162). Byzantium.
Rosenberg K., (2012). Ornate Links Tethering Cultures in Flux. Retrieved June 6, 2014 from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/16/arts/design/byzantium-and-islam-age-of-transition-at-the-met.html?_r=1& ;
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, (2012). Byzantium and Islam Age of Transition. Retrieved June 6, 2014 from http://www.metmuseum.org/exhibitions/listings/2012/byzantium-and-islam
Medieval Cultural Exchange Contrasting Medieval Religious Expression
Medieval Cultural Exchange Contrasting Medieval eligious Expression: An analysis across Christian and Islamic Civilization In Chapters 7, 8 and 9 of John McKay's A History of World Societies, the similarities and differences of medieval Christian and Islamic civilization across Europe, the Middle East and Africa are detailed as the rise and fall of political and religious actors are presented. One fascinating subject that stands out from such a tremendous amount of material and which returns the student of history to the human scale is how the two civilizations influenced each other in developing new perspectives on religious expression through art, ranging from architecture to calligraphy to even everyday objects such as religious clothing. An understanding of how these two civilizations influenced one another contributes to a more complete understanding of the broader issues of politics, religion and geopolitical competition that defined this historical epoch. One of the most prominent areas…
Goskar, T. (2011). Material Worlds: The Shared Cultures of Southern Italy and its Mediterranean Neighbors in the Tenth to Twelfth Centuries. Al-Masaq. Vol. 23, No. 3.
Hoare, T. (2005). Introduction to World Humanities. Johnson County Community College. Date Retrieved 12/27/11. URL: http://staff.jccc.net/thoare/145byz.htm
Mango, C. (1972). The Art of the Byzantine Empire. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
McKay, J.P. (2008). A History of World Societies: Volume A: From Antiquity to 1500. New York, NY: Beford Publishers.
Baghdad Importance in Abbasid Period as a
Baghdad (Importance in Abbasid Period as a Muslim Cultural Center) The Muslim world is comprised of various ethnic groups, nationalities, customs and traditions, languages and races. Muslims all over the world have a common belief in the Oneness and Supremacy of Allah, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), and the Holy Quran. On the contrary, they all have different versions and interpretations of their religion, Islam. Thus, the theological traditions they follow are dissimilar. The Muslim world possesses an extensive political, social, economic, and geographical landscape which signifies a "kaleidoscope of historical and cultural experiences." Despite of the differences, however, the contemporary Muslim world today has inherited a highly triumphant and exultant civilization. Muslims are the heirs of a successful civilization that was larger and more productive than the greatest empires in the history including Greek, oman, Byzantine, and Sassanid (Ahmad 2007). After the demise of the prophet Muhammad (peace…
Abbasid. 2009, In The Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed.). New York: Columbia University Press, Retrieved December 30, 2011, from Questia database: .
Ahmad, I. 2007 The Muslim World: Its Time, Continuity and Change, Social Studies Review, 46, 33+. Retrieved December 29, 2011, from Questia database: .
Background Note #3: The Philosophical/Scientific Contribution. 2007, Pattern in Islamic Art [online], accessed December 31, 2011 from: .
Baghdad. 2009, In The Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed.), New York: Columbia University Press, Retrieved December 30, 2011, from Questia database: .
History of Construction Technology of
Staircase ramps which are comprised of steep and narrow steps that lead up one face of the pyramid were more in use at that time with evidence found at the Sinki, Meidum, Giza, Abu Ghurob, and Lisht pyramids respectively (Heizer). A third ramp variation was the spiral ramp, found in use during the nineteenth dynasty and was, as its name suggests, comprised of a ramp covering all faces of the pyramids leading towards the top. Reversing ramps zigzag up one face of a pyramid at a time and would not be used in the construction of step pyramids, while lastly interior ramps that have been found within the pyramids of Sahura, Nyuserra, Neferifijata, Abusir, and Pepi II (Heizer, Shaw). Ancient Greece Ancient Greek architecture exists mainly in surviving temples that survive in large numbers even today and is tied into Roman and Hellenistic periods which borrowed heavily from the Greeks.…
Ackerman, J.S. "Architectural Practice in the Italian Renaissance." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians (1954): 3-11.
Alchermes, Joseph. "Spolia in Roman Cities of the Late Empire: Legislative Rationales and Architectural Reuse." Dumbarton Oaks Paper (1994): 167-178.
Allen, Rob. "Variations of the Arch: Post -- and lintel, Corbelled Arch, Arch, Vault, Cross-Vault Module." 11 August 2009. Civilization Collection. 5 April 2010 .
Anderson, James. "Anachronism in the Roman Architecture of Gaul: The Date of the Maison Carree at Nimes." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians (2001): 68-79.
Religion as a Positive Force
While art is certainly a part of culture, other cultural gifts to history mark religion as a positive force. Without the music, ceremony, poetry, and holy books of Muslim, Hindu, and Christian texts, the world would be without significant Beauty. In their own ways, each of these traditions shaped the cultures that would come after them in significant theological, intellectual, and cultural ways. Burhan writes that Islamic influence in the world has included charity, justice, and unity. Wade writes that even as Christianity is often vilified as a blight to mankind, it made great contributions to science, freedom, ethics and morality, medicine, etc. In conclusion, the ancient history of Eurasia would not have been the same without religion. While religious wars are certainly an important part of history, religion's contributions in the areas of art and culture suggest the positive role religion played in the shaping of contemporary society. eferences…
Burhan, R. "Islam's Contribution and Influence on the World." Institute of Islam and Arabic Studies.n.d. 26 July 2009.
Tourist Development Strategy and Policy
Over 90% of Qatari citizens live in Doha, the capital. (State of Qatar, 2007) The "Big" Picture Figure 3: Map Qatar, Middle East - From a Distance (Map of Qatar, 2007) Figure 4: Qatar, Middle East - From a Star's Distance (Map of Qatar, 2007) Figure 5: Qatar, Middle East - View from a Satellite (Map of Qatar, 2007) Figure 6: Qatar, Middle East - From the Clouds (Map of Qatar, 2007) Figure 7: Qatar, Middle East - From the Window of a Plane (Map of Qatar, 2007) Figure 8: Qatar, Middle East - Bird's Eye View (Map of Qatar, 2007) Figure 9: Qatar, Middle East - Mapping Where to Visit (Map of Qatar, 2007) Aims and Objectives Aim To utilize the literature research method to explore and examine components relating to tourist development strategy and policy in Qatar. To fulfill the aim of this thesis, this researcher set specific…
Neanderthal Cultural Complexity
Glimpse into Neanderthal Culture hen one thinks of the Humanoid genus Homo Sapiens neanderthalensis (HSN) they picture a very primitive creature, simplistic in nature with few social complexities. However, upon close examination of several Neanderthan archeological sites, one will find the Neanderthal man had all of the necessary elements for the beginning of the formation of modern society. It was once thought that these elements were only present after Neanderthan culture after contact with Home Sapiens (HSS). However, evidence now exists that suggests that Neanderthals were already well on their way to developing a formal, but rudimentary, culture well before contact with HSS. This research will examine these findings using evidence gathered from the Petralona, Larga Velhol, St. Cesaire, Shanidar, and Arago sites. This research will support the thesis that Neanderthals had the beginnings of an advanced society prior to contact with Home Sapiens and that the disappearance of the…
Bednarik, R.G. (1992). Palaeoart and archaeological myths. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 2(1): 27-43.
Chase, P. And Dibble, H (1987). Middle Paleolithic symbolism: a review of current evidence and interpretations. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 6:263-296.
A d'Errico, F. et al. (1998) "Neanderthal Acculturation in Western Europe? Current Anthropology, Supplement, 39:1-44, p. 3 in Morton, G. (1998) Neanderthan Culture. Internet Discussion. September 7, 1998. http://www.asa3.org/archive/evolution/199809/0121.html Accessed July, 2003.
Fagan, B. (1990) The Journey From Eden, (London: Thames and Hudson) in Morton, G. (1998) Neanderthan Culture. Internet Discussion. September 7, 1998.
Hazal Emre Looking at art and historical artifacts can tell us immense amounts of information regarding the society and culture from which these objects came from. Art can be revealing and informative in the same manner that books can tell readers about history and cultural conventions, many times providing specific details about its origin. These details can then provide viewers with an informed and comprehensive view of cultures and societies. Art is a reflection of not only the artist which creates the piece, but also a reflection of the atmosphere in which the artist lived. These reflections through art can point to specific themes and subjects that were important during the times that these artists lived. Power and Status are themes that can be considered universal in virtually all cultures regardless of their respective geographical location or historical era. The intention of this essay is to provide the historical background…
"Bis Pole, Arts of Africa, Oceania and The Americas." MetMuseum.org. The New York Metropolitan Museum. Web. 21 Apr. 2011.
Stone, Richard E. "A Noble Imposter, The Foothil Ewer and The Early 19th Century Fakery." Metropolitan Museum Journal 32 (1997). Print.
Designers During the Second Half
New theories and esthetic visions brought a violent change in popular taste, bringing a fascination for the fantastic, the mythical, the exotic, taking inspiration from eastern civilizations (Japanese, Islamic), naturist ornamentation such as flowers and vegetal designs, waving lines that would induce motion and symmetry. The new art style became a commercial kind of work, since it was aimed towards the masses and the every day life. The industrial design was dictated by fashion and the public taste, that was rapidly changing as the speed of modern life brought new ideas almost constantly and commercial tools, such as films and advertising, influenced in that change. The difference between the Arts and Crafts and the Art Nouveau movements was mainly the approach towards the creation itself. While the Art Nouveau was promoting the use of mechanical techniques to create art objects that would be used in common life, the Arts and…
Art Nouveau, available at: http://artchive.com/artchive/art_nouveau.html
Howard, J., 1996, Art Nouveau: international and national styles in Europe, Manchester
Ryan, D., Art Nouveau in Europe, available at http://www.artsmia.org/modernism/e_ANE.html
The Arts and Crafts movement, available at http://char.txa.cornell.edu/art/decart/artcraft/artcraft.htm
Artists Be Given Free Rein in the
artists be given free rein in the producing and displaying of works that are offensive, objectionable, or disparaging of certain people's beliefs and values? What responsibilities do artists have to their society? What responsibilities does the society have to its artists? The job of artists is to hold up a mirror to society and comment on both the beauty and ugliness that exists in the real world. It is easy to showcase things that are beautiful. The museums of the world are full of pretty pictures which depict landscapes and lovely people in fancy dresses. However, there are also works of art in museums or galleries which are controversial, unsettling, and perhaps even downright ugly. Some works of art show things that most people do not want to see, such as material which is offensive, or objectionable, or even disparaging of the beliefs and values of others. Such works are…
History - Israel
This is the biggest palace in Istanbul. (Retrieved from http://www.greatistanbul.com/topkapi_palace.htm) Alhambra Palace - The Alhambra Palace is so named for the Arabic "red castle," due to the surrounding environment.…
The emphasis on handicrafts also means that Islamic art does not have a focus on the output of individual artists like estern art. Prophetic sayings like "God likes that…
The result is that the minarets which are more probably rooted in the experiences, technologies and impulses of the now extinct Byzantines are part of the religious iconography of…
Mythology - Religion
And aside from the lessons as well, the art behind the calligraphy strived to portray the symbolism in the holy book. The writings were created using various shapes and…
Artifact Comparison: An Islamic Rosary versus an African racelet One of the challenges of artifact comparison from the perspective of a cultural outsider is to locate the objects in…
Islamic Art The two objects that I found on the website required to write this article are entitled Folio from the Tashkent Qu'ran" and "The Feast of Sada," Folio…
The artworks prevalent during the early Middle Ages in many ways stand between these two extremes. The art of this period was one that was both religiously inclined but…
Islam Worksheet REL/134 Version When studying Islam, it is important to understand the essential elements of the faith, how they are practiced, and the distinctions among the three branches:…
All of these examples show that there is no linear narrative of art, rather the construction of even so-called periods between different nations and periods lies in the mind…
178). For example, Sakkal reports that, "The measuring system of Ibn Muqlah is based on a circle with a diameter that equals the height of the letter Alef. It…
Drama - World
Islamic Technology Cultural and Construction History of the Islamic Golden Age Cultural Environment The Islamic Golden Age is also known as the Caliphate of Islam or the Islamic Renaissance.…
Islam Ibn Khaldun conceptualized history in terms of transformations of social and political power, leading to cultural changes. This was especially true for the expanding Muslim world, of which…
Turtle shell rattles have been used for countless centuries. Such rattles have been recovered from ancient sites in the southwest and in the Mississippian civilizations. The turtle rattle was…
In the Qur'an, music is presented as something that can bring pleasure to Muslims. Numerous prominent religious individuals in Islam have apparently claimed that music should not be present…
Iconography: In many ways, the iconography left behind at the Dome of the Rock for our evaluation provides only partial insight into the events that inspired it. e are…
Islamic Philosophy Abul-Waleed Muhammad Ibn Rushd: His Work and Philosophy Abul-Waleed Muhammad Ibn Rushd (1126-1198 C.E), also known as Averroes, is regarded by many as one of the foremost…
pottery making art islamic civilization. Please illustrative timeline. Please include outline beginning. Islamic pottery is an essential part of the Islamic culture Early beginnings of Islamic pottery Historical and…
Detroit Institute of Arts is located on Woodward Avenue, at 5200, in Detroit Michigan. The Institute is open to the public from 9am to 4 pm, on Tuesday, Wednesday…
He traveled to Africa, Spain, and Germany and even studied in Russia, where he was exposed to Islamic art. The Dance is one painting that captures a new direction…
cultural advances made Islamic world tenth fifteenth centuries? eference Book: A History World Societies, Eighth Edition, Vol1 by: McKay, Hill, Buckler, Ebrey, Beck, Crowston, & Wiesner-Hanks The apogee of…
role of Islam as a unifying force Perhaps more than any other religion in the world, Islam has put to work its less obvious sense in order to unify…
Culture, Dreams, And Artwork Dreams and artwork are two things that seem to provide an invitation for interpretation, and cultural perspective is almost always going to influence that interpretation.…
LACMA Artifacts One of the strengths of the collections at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art is collection of works from the ancient Near East. This paper examines…
Fawaz a. Gerges' America and Political Islam Fawaz A.Gerges' book, America and Political Islam, attempts to analyse the complex relationship between the United States and Political Islam. America and…
The potter has complete control over the shape the pot takes by the pressure, how fast he spins the potting wheel, and the moisture and pressure he applies from…
Art of Ruling an Islamic Society It is the purpose of this paper to compare and contrast the ideologies of three prominent Muslim scholars in regards to the art…
Islamic movements come to dominate the political landscape of Iran and Saudi rabia in the last thirty years? Why have democratic advances been so limited in these two countries?…
D., various rulers expanded the religion in what was known as the Golden Age of Islam. Muslims made huge advances in military might, the sciences, and the arts. However,…
The display of the various religious artwork effectively served to reinforce the fact that such faith was the governing power in the land, which the church itself reflected merely…
belief systems of Christians and Muslim, particularly in how they view angels. Both religions believe angels exist, and that they are an important part of their religious beliefs. They…
Jewish, Christian Islamic belief? How religions compare ? Talk discussion: Judaism: Creation Patriarchs Prophets Kings the Bible Literature Early Christianity, Islam, and Judaism are three of the most renowned…
Confucianism, Catholicism and Islam between 1450 and 1750. Three major religions, located at diverse axes of the world, Catholicism, Confucianism, and Islam, were faced with similar problems and challenges…
History - Asian
Looking at one of Kulkarni's pieces, a Peasant in the City, oil on canvas done sometime in the 1960s, we see a trend in modern Indian art in which…
Indian Art In what ways are the form and function of the Buddhist stupa and Hindu temple similar to or different from the Islamic mosque? The Buddhist Stupa, the…
Communication - Journalism
Communication Islamic Countries Freedom in all its forms is a highly contested topic across all areas of politics, not only in countries where freedom has been traditionally repressed, but…
To wit, there has been a "large-scale migration to the big cities, Pohlit explains, and that has "inclined the balance of power in cultural matters in favor of the…
Learning Objectives for Adult Education Managing and Exploiting the Impact of Classroom Diversity in Adult Arts Education As the American population becomes increasingly diverse, so goes classroom diversity (Cooper,…
Expansion for Christianity and Islam in the Early Middle AgesThe death of Jesus on the wooden cross and the fallen fruit from the tree for Adam is symbols of…
Artistic Overview of the Taj Mahal Though monumental tombs had a long history in the Islamic architecture in India, they were not a part of either the Buddhist or…
Though the sema is performed for an audience, the main goal is not to entertain, but instead for the individual dancer to recognize his or her submission to God,…
Black Studies - Philosophy
Aristotle's elements of honor state: "The elements of honour are: sacrifices, memorials both in verse and without metre, rewards, sanctuaries, precedence, tombs, statutes, public maintenance, barbarian practices, such as…
Greek sculptures, 'Veiled and Masked Dancer' and 'Hermes and the Infant Dionysos' dating back to the art periods, and their connection to the realm of spirituality. Is art linked…
Future of Nursing Education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia The primary objective of this book is to provide the reader with evidence-based nursing education and practice principles. The…
Olmec Although scientists found artifacts and art objects of the Olmecs; until this century they did not know about the existence of the Olmecs. Most of the objects which…
Churches represented the primary type of Romanesque architecture. Despite regional variations, Romanesque architecture shares a multitude of common characteristics such as harmonious proportions, stone barrel vault, round arches supporting…
Bahram Gur and Azada's Representations The significance of Bahram Gur and Azad scene depiction is on artistic bowls of the medieval time. The bowls refer to ceramics, which illustrate…
Museums in Paris The Louvre Museum can be categorized as one of the world's largest and most magnificent museums. It also marks a monument and an attractive sightseeing location…
" But Pamuk's techniques force the reader to come to the conclusion that an artistic identity must fuse both past and present, have some flexibility and personal style, yet…
Progressivist Museums The progressivist philosophy of culture, which posits that advancements in science, technology, social, and economic development are crucial in the development of advanced societies, and that societies…
Impressions The Louvre The Louvre, an architectural masterpiece, has dominated central Paris since the late 12th century. The original structure was gradually dwarfed as the city grew. The dark…
Byzantine Empire in the Eastern Mediterranean that extended from Syria, Egypt up to and across North Africa is seen to have made significant contact with the emerging Islamic world…
Medieval Cultural Exchange Contrasting Medieval eligious Expression: An analysis across Christian and Islamic Civilization In Chapters 7, 8 and 9 of John McKay's A History of World Societies, the…
Baghdad (Importance in Abbasid Period as a Muslim Cultural Center) The Muslim world is comprised of various ethnic groups, nationalities, customs and traditions, languages and races. Muslims all over…
Staircase ramps which are comprised of steep and narrow steps that lead up one face of the pyramid were more in use at that time with evidence found at…
While art is certainly a part of culture, other cultural gifts to history mark religion as a positive force. Without the music, ceremony, poetry, and holy books of Muslim,…
Over 90% of Qatari citizens live in Doha, the capital. (State of Qatar, 2007) The "Big" Picture Figure 3: Map Qatar, Middle East - From a Distance (Map of…
Glimpse into Neanderthal Culture hen one thinks of the Humanoid genus Homo Sapiens neanderthalensis (HSN) they picture a very primitive creature, simplistic in nature with few social complexities. However,…
Hazal Emre Looking at art and historical artifacts can tell us immense amounts of information regarding the society and culture from which these objects came from. Art can be…
New theories and esthetic visions brought a violent change in popular taste, bringing a fascination for the fantastic, the mythical, the exotic, taking inspiration from eastern civilizations (Japanese, Islamic),…
artists be given free rein in the producing and displaying of works that are offensive, objectionable, or disparaging of certain people's beliefs and values? What responsibilities do artists have…
Free Islamic Art Essays and Papers
Islamic Art Islamic art is perhaps the most accessible manifestation of a complex civilization that often seems enigmatic to outsiders. Through its brilliant use of color and its superb balance between design and form, Islamic art creates an immediate visual impact. Its strong aesthetic appeal transcends distances in time and space, as well as differences in language, culture, and creed. Islamic art not only invites a closer look but also beckons the viewer to learn more. “The term Islamic art may
Progression Of Islamic Art
three basic components of traditional Islamic art: calligraphy, geometric patterns, and floral and vegetal motifs. These three stylistic tools are beautifully rendered and masterfully integrated into complex works of art, but there is no question that artistic expression is severely limited under these categorizations. However, this limitation stems from Islamic theology and concept of art. The main reason for the limitation imposed on visual art is the Islamic theological prohibition of figural imagery
Roman and Islamic Art and Architecture
city, you may notice that the architecture and art look similar to other works. Many of these designs have changed along the course of history and time whilst others have not. The designs that many people still see in society and day to day living is from two of the many cultures of the old civilizations, Roman and Islamic. The art and architecture forms from the Islamic and Roman cultures have many comparisons and contrasts between them. They, the Islamic and Roman nations, have both adopted from other
Is Calligraphy An Islamic Graffiti Art?
Is Calligraffiti Art? Calligraphy is an ancient writing form that was used to write the Qu’ran and is the basis for the first written alphabet. Graffiti is the art of writing, drawing, or painting on a wall for the public to view. Calligraffiti is the combination of both of these and is also a new term that encompasses the ancient handwriting art of calligraphy with the new age art of graffiti. Calligraffiti is Islamic Graffiti that was created by the Islamic people that usually discusses political
Islamic Art: The Pair Of Minbar Doors
carpets and rugs to beautiful works of calligraphy, Islamic Art has been one of the biggest impacts on art since the 7th century. Well-known Islamic works include the Taj Mahal, Dome of the Rock, and the Ardabil Carpet. Originating in the areas in present-day Syria, this style of art and even the architecture has been passed down by many skilled Muslim artists. It also introduced to us many fascinating, one-of-a-kind techniques and forms to the world of art. Because of its lengthy history and existence
The Qur’an The Quran is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God. It is widely regarded by Muslims as the finest piece Literature in Arabic Language. Muslims consider the Quran to be the only book that has been protected by God from distortion or corruption. However, some significant textual variations and deficiencies in the Arabic script mean the relationship between the text of today's Quran and an original text is unclear. Quran chapters are called
What features in Islamic Art, and Architecture make it distinctively different from previous cultures.
Islamic Art and Architecture often featured, lush gardens and garden motifs, as a symbolic representation of the Muslim paradise, the garden has been talked about in the Quran, no fewer than 130 times. Some of the great feats of Islamic architecture would be the Great Mosque, Cordoba, with its white marble and red sandstone, or, The Dome of Rock, which was the earliest, Islamic sanctuary. There were three primary dominating motifs, which exist, Geometric, Floral, and Calligraphic. It is interesting
Islamic Architecture: The Islamic Art Of The Islamic World
Islamic Art Today, the term Islamic art describes all of the arts that were produced in the lands where Islam was the dominant religion. Islamic art spans over some 1,400 years, covers many lands and populations, and includes a range of artistic fields. The term Islamic art is not only used to describe religious art or architecture, but applies to all art forms produced in the Islamic world. The artists of the Islamic world adapted their creativity to evoke their inner beliefs in a series of abstract
Islamic Art Influence
influence of the Islamic Empire is demonstrated through the similarities of the arts and architecture from the Umayyad to the Ottomans. The issue is the museum website refers to all the art as Islamic Art, which is not the case. Depending on the observer, one can interpret whether all the art as Islamic or not. For instance, an orthodox Muslim might find only the art that contains calligraphy, geometry, and vegetal designs as Islamic. On the hand, a secular Muslim might find the all the arts including figural
The Origins of Islamic Art
Islamic art was born in the Arabian Peninsula, the Umayyad dynasty in the years 661-750, and at the same time through their representatives they went scattering to the conquest of Persia, Egypt, North Africa, and even the Iberian Peninsula. Islamic art is an original, which has managed to reinterpret the various influences that were received during the process of their formation, such as classical, Byzantine arts or different traditions of those nomadic peoples. The Koranic prohibition of representing
Calligraphy In Islamic Art
The visual arts developed since the 7th century by people within the Muslim cycle encompasses the Islamic art. It is a reflection of the culture, beliefs, and traditions of the Islam. Some of the ways the Islamic art has been portrayed is calligraphy as well as interlacing patterns. Islamic art had forbidden depictions of living creatures (Grabar, 1964); therefore pictures were not used due to their staunch faith in worshiping no other gods which were a practice associated with idolatry. Instead
Difference Between Art And Islamic Art
Culture or Islamic culture can be defined as written works of myths in literature and forming new ideas. The works of theology or “Quran Exegesis” are the elements and concepts in Islam. Islam can be compared most to religion than culture. In the reading we need to know what is Islamic culture and how does Islamic make a connection with Islam. Between religion and culture there is a question that is asked. Is Islamic art a real thing and if it is what is Islamic about it? The issue of where to discover
Geometric Patterns In Islamic Art
Islamic Geometric and Vegetal Patterns Introduction In Islam, art and beauty have been given value since early times, specially the moral beauty. Muslim artists and architects reflected this value through their works. They projected different Islamic messages in their art works, such as building, mosques, interior and exterior environments, and in their daily used items such as books, coins, boxes and ceramics and etc. The main way that the artists used to present the art was in using different
The Influence Of Religious Islamic Art
Islamic religions and traditions differ greatly from the western world. One example of this is the tughra. The tughra was created by Orhan the First and was used continuously throughout the Ottoman Empire. These were symbols often used by the Ottomans, or rulers of the Turks. They were often featured on letters as a genuine signature of the Emperor. Although each were different, certain guidelines were made. Each of the ancient emblems had two loops on the side, three vertical lines in the middle
The Qatar Islamic Arts Museum
- 9 Works Cited
Qatar's Islamic Arts Museum. It is beyond questioning that I have chosen such an organization for various reasons. It is deeply related to the tourism, hospitality and leisure industry. Besides this, it is a major contributor to the current development of the cultural and entertainment sector in the state of Qatar. Furthermore, QIM is meant to bring in more tourists into Qatar. One more thing, Qatar's Islamic Arts Museum is considered as home to the World's largest collection of Islamic art. To cut
Differences Of Egyptian And Egyptian Art And Islamic Art
Professor Meyer Art History 1 9 April 2014 Writing Assignment 2 Human life on this planet constantly evolves and changes. Art is a beautiful way for historians and students to see how our people evolved. From each time period to the next, one can spot the differences that made each art style different and special. Some examples that art is a product of its own context are from Egyptian art to Islamic art, and all the way to the Romanesque Europe art period. The way each of these art styles differ
Characteristicism And Symbolism: The Definition Of Islamic Art
The Definition of Islamic Art Islamic symbolization is a puzzling class that seems to envelop a solid assortment of workmanship and construction modeling. While the viewer must be mindful of the unfathomable land territory and long and differed history that the term spreads, he or she should additionally recognize certain shared traits that support this shallow compartmentalization. It is troublesome to characterize the novel and brought together characteristics of Islamic workmanship in light
The Madina Collection of Islamic Art at the LACMA
- 1 Works Cited
Collection of Islamic Art at the LACMA Introduction The Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) announced recently that it had acquired “the remarkable Madina Collection of Islamic art. The collection contains works of various media dating from the late 7th through 19th centuries from the vast areas that comprise the Islamic world, from Southern Spain to Central Asia” (Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 2005). While the museum already had quite an extensive collection of Islamic art, this particular
A Comparison of Christian and Islamic Architecture in Spain
- 4 Works Cited
A Comparison of Christian and Islamic Architecture in Spain By the 6th century a Germanic tribe called the Visigoths, converts to Arian Christianity, had established themselves as the aristocratic elite. The Christians built many monumental basilica-plan churches. The Santa Maria de Quintanilla de las Vinas, Burgos, Spain and San Juan de Banos de Cerrato are two such churches that still remain today. In the beginning of the 8th century Islamic Muslims conquered Spain and ended Visigothic rule
Islamic Age of Scientific Learning: Caliphs and the Arts
When looking at the Abbasid caliphate, the mere thought of an Islamic age of scientific learning characterizes the time period with several caliphs endorsing the arts passionately. These caliphs, specifically Al Mansur and Haroun Al-Rashid, all looked at the arts with an intense, burning awareness in that their values, priorities, and personality traits that distinguish their reigns differ quite significantly. Despite Haroun Al Rashid’s brief glimpses of rage that changes the view of the audience
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Essays on Islamic Art
Analysis of the chosen artists’ contribution to islamic art, a report on islamic art: architecture, ancient islam view of gender roles, a reflection on visiting the islamic calligraphy exhibition at the metropolitan museum of art, feeling stressed about your essay.
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106 Islam Research Topics & Essay Examples
📝 islam research papers examples, 👍 good islam essay topics to write about, 💡 essay ideas on islam, ❓ islam research questions.
- Religion Comparison: Judaism, Buddhism, Islam and Hinduism This essay seeks to establish the similarities and differences between the religions in terms of origin, issue of salvation and creation, and their perception of God.
- Same-sex Marriage as a Religious Issue Same-sex marriage is viewed as one of the most controversial social issues facing the world today, probably due to the many legal and social factors involved.
- Al-Ghazali Philosophy Al-Ghazali philosophy was focused on the concept of God and his relationship with the world and his creation.
- Immigrant’s Experiences in America The essay presents the findings of the research on the immigrant’s experiences in terms of religion, adaptation, gender roles, racial discrimination, morality, education, marriage, and family.
- The 9/11 Attack and the Arab World The 9/11 attack led to the creation of the department of homeland security, which has become a big threat to the survival of Muslims and Arabs in the United States.
- World Religions Studies and Key Concepts Religion can be defined as beliefs and practices that underscore the relationship between people and their God.
- The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria Terrorism The paper analyzes the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), which is a terrorist group that operates in Iraq and Syria, to illustrate the extremes of terrorism in the contemporary times.
- Radical Islamic Terrorism Threats in East Africa The presence of Al-Qaida in the East African region is a threat to governments and the interests of the United States in the region owing to their ability and methods of operation.
- Moses in Christianity, Judaism and Islam The paper at hand aims at investigating the portrayal of Moses in the three Abrahamic traditions as well as pointing to specificities of his life and impact on the development of religions.
- Human Rights and Violation in Islamic Countries The main hypothesis in this study is that Islam does not have a significant impact on the institution of human rights among other problems.
- Women in the True Islam Perception In the West, there is a general perception that the Muslim woman is inferior in the eyes of their male counterparts and is seen as male property.
- Western World's View on Muslim Women Middle East countries view Muslim women in accordance with the Quran. The paper explores stereotype on Muslim women by the western world and compares with that of the Middle East.
- English, Islamic and the Saudi Property Laws This paper compares the English Property Law, the Islamic Property Law, and the Saudi Property Law, discussing charitable trusts, mortgage, and private inheritance.
- Tort Law: English, Islamic, and Chinese A Tort Law is a collection of rights that are applied in court proceedings that are utilized to provide relief to people that have suffered from the wrongdoings of others.
- Common Law System in the United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates had become used to the common law system and many experts believed that it was serving the purpose needed of a proper legal system.
- Crusades from a Christian Viewpoint This essay looks into the purpose of the crusades from a Christian viewpoint. Additionally, the aftermath and relevance of the crusades will be highlighted.
- Women Status in the Arab Gulf Countries Women according to Koran are not blamed for Adam’s first mistake. Both were jointly wrong in their disobedience to God, both repented and both were forgiven.
- Judaism Concepts The religion Judaism is basically followed by the Jewish people. Their basic principles are personified in the Bible.
- Women in Religion: Discussion This paper compares and contrasts the views of Christianity and Muslim of the woman. It analysis some fundamental differences and similarities in the way the woman is portrayed by the authority books.
- Islam and Its Influence on the World Society Those who on the lee of Islamic religion work out the system of paralleled beliefs intended to destruction are the real trouble for humanity.
- Afterlife in Different World Cultures Most modern religions including atheists do not believe in the existence of an afterlife. Atheists do not believe in a supernatural God.
- Islam in Today’s World This paper describes the true teachings of Islam and doctrines that are followed as well as explaining the pillars of Islamic faith.
- “Mercy the Stamp of Creation” and “One God, Many Names” Comparison The articles "Mercy the Stamp of Creation" and "One God, Many Names" are written by Abd-Allah Umar Faruq; they both look into the religion of Muslims.
- Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Hinduism Origins and the Eschatology Each Creates People all over the world engage in worshiping God, the world’s major religions which include Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Judaism share their origins.
- Jesus & Mohammed: Comparison and Contrast Jesus and Mohammed are the two people who promoted the widely spread religions in the world. Jesus led to the spread of Christianity, while Mohammed initiated the Islam religion.
- Islamic Civilization: Religious Practices The unity of Muslims and the values of devotion and obedience to God that are adopted in Islam may have influenced this religion to become one of the most global and widespread.
- Women in Muslim Societies: The Kingdom of Strangers The empirical social science study of Muslim societies in multiple geographic regions suggests that the number of women in Muslim has grown voluminous in the past two decades.
- Human Rights From the Perspective of Islam This paper will examine the human rights from the perspective of Islam and the status of women according to this religion.
- Judaism, Christianity, and Islam This paper examines the characteristics of these faiths and determines that despite their dissimilarities, they have resemblances that are based on their joint background.
- The U.S. Health Law: Organ Donation Organ donation involves harvesting healthy tissues and organs from an individual. This paper explores the US health law as it governs the practice of organ donation.
- History of Islamic Art and Architecture Islamic architecture derives its style from the foundation of Islam and shows a broad range of both religious and secular styles.
- Saudi Arabia. Country Study The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the largest Arab country in Western Asia. The culture of Saudi Arabia has several vital elements.
- Islam and War: True Meaning of Jihad Post-9/11 jihad has caught popular imagination strongly. This paper endeavors to understand the true meaning of jihad.
- The Role of Islam in Saudi Arabia This essay is concerned with the role of Islam in the foreign policy of Saudi Arabia, it also examines some aspects concerning the Islamic beliefs that exist in Saudi Arabia.
- Comparison of Jewish and Muslim Experiences The paper aims to establish the existence of similarities and differences between Jewish and Muslim experiences in Europe.
- Islam, Terrorism, and the Spiral of Violence This paper seeks to critically examine the uncertainty of religious dogmas and their role in violent misconceptions.
- The Work of Kübler-Ross’ Grieving Process The paper compares and contrasts the grieving process as defined by Kübler-Ross and the story of Job with that of Islam.
- Researching of Malcolm X’s Life Malcolm X was a Black Nationalist, African American preacher, and advocate for civil rights. He has challenged black people to protect themselves from white brutality.
- India Independence Act 1947 and Its Failure This paper aims to conduct the main research on the reasons and consequences of the Indian Independence Act 1947 failure.
- A Conversation About Religion: Islam and Christianity Islam began to take shape much later than other world religions, by that time, the tenets of Christianity, has taken shape almost wholly.
- The Attitudes of Islam to Help Infertile Couples Have Children
- Comparison Between Christianity and Islam
- Major Differences Between Islam and Judaism
- Women’s Rights Under Islam With a Particular Focus On Sharia Law
- Islam’s Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Religion
- Birth Rituals, Judaism and Islam
- Arab Life Before Islam
- Muslim Women During Classical Islam
- Biblical Theological Tensions Between Islam and Christianity
- Critical Thinking About Arabian Nights Magic and Islam
- Islam Spread Document Lands Expansion
- The Strong Impact Slavery Had on the Spread of Islam
- Jihad and the Conflict Between Islam and Christianity
- Islam Faith Around the World
- Black Muslims and Orthodox Islam
- Daily Rituals and Mohammad’s Importance in Islam
- Islam Views on the Creation of the Universe
- Conflict Between Sunni Islam and Kurdish Nationalism
- Belief Systems: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
- The Two Main Reasons for the Rapid Spread of Islam
- The United States Foreign Policy Toward Islam
- Political Islam and the Islamic Islam
- United States Aggression Against Islam
- The Spread of Islam Into Southeast Asia
- Elements of Monotheistic Religion Islam
- Islam’s Manifesto Against Racism
- Women’s Rights and Islam: Sunni vs. Shia
- Conflict Between Islam and Judaism
- Black Community and the Nation of Islam’s Lack of Impact
- Finding the Bridge Between Hinduism and Islam
- World History Before 1500: The Rise of Islam
- Extreme Islamic Terrorist Groups in Comparison
- Challenges Facing Islam and the Muslim Ummah
- Comparison Between Two Historical Approaches of Early Islam
- The Christian Church Before the Invasion of Islam
- The Conflict Between Islam and the United States
- Marginalization of the Views of Muslims Throughout the History of Islam
- Negative Stereotypes Against Islam
- Islam: Religious Attitude Towards Marriage and Divorce
- Rise of Islam in Malaysia
- How Was Muhammad Called to Be a Prophet of Islam?
- Does the Media Correctly Portray Islam?
- Why Did Islam Spread So Quickly?
- Does Islam Need Reformation, or Do Islamic Societies Need?
- Does Violence Stem From Islam?
- Does Islam Cause Violence in the Middle East?
- How Has Islam Become a Prominent Religion?
- Did Islam Spread Due to Force?
- What Does Unity Mean in Islam?
- Are Islam and Democracy Compatible?
- Why Has Islam Become So Popular Among Arabs?
- How Are Islam and Christianity Alike and Different?
- What Are Some of the Major Challenges Facing Muslims in the World Today?
- How Did Classical Islam View Jews and Christians?
- How Did Islam Reject or Transform the Values and Attitudes of the Jahili Arabs?
- What Were the Main Factors in the Spread of Islam After Muhammad’s Death?
- What Has Been the Role of Maslaha in Islamic Law?
- Does Islam Encourage Conflict and Terrorism?
- What Does Islam Say About Terrorism?
- What Did Medieval Europe Learn From Islam?
- What Figures Have Shaped the Development of Islam in the United States?
- Did Islam Spread Throughout Africa With the Use of Force?
- How Has Art Affected Islam?
- How Did Islam Influence Ghana Literature?
- Are Christianity, Islam, and Judaism Male-Chauvinist Institutions?
- What do Non-muslims Say About Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam?
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- Islamic Art
Islamic Art - Research Paper Example
- Subject: Architecture
- Type: Research Paper
- Level: Undergraduate
- Pages: 9 (2250 words)
- Downloads: 3
- Author: xmoore
Extract of sample "Islamic Art"
The main topic of the essay "Islamic Art" is the profound analysis of islamic architectural style and mosques in particular. For example, The Selimiye Mosque (1569-75), an Ottoman mosque in the city of Edirne in Turkey, has been one of the most magnificent illustrations of Islamic architecture and the mosque was commissioned by Sultan Selim II. Selimiye has been the most important monument in the historic city of Edirne, which was the capital of the Ottoman Empire before the conquest of Istanbul.
In conclusion the author considers that, a reflective exploration of the various processes in the construction of the Selimiye Mosque in Edirne confirms that it is one of the most magnificent illustrations of Islamic architecture in general and Ottoman architecture in particular. It is the masterpiece by the celebrated Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan who has been effective in both outdoing the size and grandeur of the venerable Byzantine monument and in continuing a dialogue with his own Suleymaniye Mosque that was built twenty years earlier.
In a profound understanding of the architectural and technological quality of this magnificent mosque, one comes to recognize why most modern historians regard it as the culminating achievement of Sinan’s distinguished fifty-year career as the chief architect of the Ottoman court. In short, the Selimiye Mosque can best be considered as the most important mosque in the city of Edirne which is well-known for its mosques, the elegant domes and minarets.
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Visiting The Met?
Masks are strongly recommended.
Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History Essays
The nature of islamic art.
Tiraz Textile Fragment
Bowl with Arabic Inscription
Capital with Acanthus Leaves
Spherical and Biconical Gold Beads
Bifolium from the "Nurse's Qur'an" (Mushaf al-Hadina)
Mounted Hunter with Cheetah
Mosque Lamp for the Mausoleum of Amir Aydakin al-'Ala'i al-Bunduqdar
Basin with Figural Imagery
Confronted Animal Rug
Opening Folio of the 26th Volume of the "Anonymous Baghdad Qur'an"
- Ahmad ibn al-Suhrawardi al-Bakri
Pair of Minbar Doors
Architectural Tile with Partial Inscription
Stand for a Qur'an Manuscript
Zain(?) Hasan Sulaiman Isfahani
Tympanum with a Horse and Rider
Helmet with Aventail
'Star Ushak' Carpet
Velvet with Figural Imagery
recto: "Portrait of Raja Suraj Singh Rathor", verso: Page of Calligraphy. Folio from the Shah Jahan Album
Painting by Bishan Das
Tughra (Insignia) of Sultan Süleiman the Magnificent (r. 1520–66)
Pierced Window Screen
Fragmentary Loom Width with Wavy-Vine Pattern
Dish with Bird, Rabbit, and Quadruped Design
"Calligraphic Composition in Shape of Peacock," Folio from the Bellini Album
Fragments of a Carpet with Lattice and Blossom Pattern
Department of Islamic Art , The Metropolitan Museum of Art
The term Islamic art not only describes the art created specifically in the service of the Muslim faith (for example, a mosque and its furnishings) but also characterizes the art and architecture historically produced in the lands ruled by Muslims, produced for Muslim patrons, or created by Muslim artists. As it is not only a religion but a way of life, Islam fostered the development of a distinctive culture with its own unique artistic language that is reflected in art and architecture throughout the Muslim world.
The lands newly conquered by the Muslims had their own preexisting artistic traditions and, initially at least, those artists who had worked under Byzantine or Sasanian patronage continued to work in their own indigenous styles but for Muslim patrons. The first examples of Islamic art therefore rely on earlier techniques, styles, and forms reflecting this blending of classical and Iranian decorative themes and motifs. Even religious monuments erected under Umayyad patronage that have a clearly Islamic function and meaning, such as the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, demonstrate this amalgam of Greco-Roman, Byzantine, and Sasanian elements. Only gradually, under the impact of the Muslim faith and nascent Islamic state, did a uniquely Islamic art emerge. The rule of the Umayyad caliphate (661–750) is often considered to be the formative period in Islamic art. One method of classifying Islamic art, used in the Islamic galleries at the Metropolitan Museum, is according to the dynasty reigning when the work of art was produced. This type of periodization follows the general precepts of Islamic history, which is divided into and punctuated by the rule of various dynasties, beginning with the Umayyad and ‘ Abbasid dynasties that governed a vast and unified Islamic state, and concluding with the more regional, though powerful, dynasties such as the Safavids , Ottomans , and Mughals .
With its geographic spread and long history, Islamic art was inevitably subject to a wide range of regional and even national styles and influences as well as changes within the various periods of its development. It is all the more remarkable then that, even under these circumstances, Islamic art has always retained its intrinsic quality and unique identity. Just as the religion of Islam embodies a way of life and serves as a cohesive force among ethnically and culturally diverse peoples, the art produced by and for Muslim societies has basic identifying and unifying characteristics. Perhaps the most salient of these is the predilection for all-over surface decoration. The four basic components of Islamic ornament are calligraphy , vegetal patterns , geometric patterns , and figural representation .
Department of Islamic Art. “The Nature of Islamic Art.” In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History . New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/orna/hd_orna.htm (October 2001)
Bloom, Jonathan M., and Sheila S. Blair. The Art and Architecture of Islam, 1250–1800 . New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.
Ettinghausen, Richard, Oleg Grabar, and Marilyn Jenkins-Madina. Islamic Art and Architecture, 650–1250 . 2d ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.
Additional Essays by Department of Islamic Art
- Department of Islamic Art. “ The Art of the Almoravid and Almohad Periods (ca. 1062–1269) .” (October 2001)
- Department of Islamic Art. “ Turkmen Jewelry .” (August 2011)
- Department of Islamic Art. “ The Art of the Umayyad Period in Spain (711–1031) .” (October 2001)
- Department of Islamic Art. “ Vegetal Patterns in Islamic Art .” (October 2001)
- Department of Islamic Art. “ Calligraphy in Islamic Art .” (October 2001)
- Department of Islamic Art. “ Figural Representation in Islamic Art .” (October 2001)
- Department of Islamic Art. “ Geometric Patterns in Islamic Art .” (October 2001)
- Department of Islamic Art. “ The Art of the Mughals before 1600 .” (October 2002)
- Department of Islamic Art. “ The Art of the Nasrid Period (1232–1492) .” (October 2002)
- The Birth of Islam
- Calligraphy in Islamic Art
- Figural Representation in Islamic Art
- Geometric Patterns in Islamic Art
- Vegetal Patterns in Islamic Art
- The Shahnama of Shah Tahmasp
- The Age of Süleyman “the Magnificent” (r. 1520–1566)
- The Art of the Umayyad Period in Spain (711–1031)
- The Arts of Iran, 1600–1800
- The Arts of the Book in the Islamic World, 1600–1800
- Astronomy and Astrology in the Medieval Islamic World
- Early Qur’ans (8th–Early 13th Century)
- Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879–1948) in Samarra
- Glass from Islamic Lands
- Glass Ornaments in Late Antiquity and Early Islam (ca. 500–1000)
- Indian Textiles: Trade and Production
- Islamic Art and Culture: The Venetian Perspective
- Islamic Art of the Deccan
- The Metropolitan Museum’s Excavations at Nishapur
- Modern Art in West and East Pakistan
- Orientalism in Nineteenth-Century Art
- Shah ‘Abbas and the Arts of Isfahan
- Trade and the Spread of Islam in Africa
- Venice and the Islamic World, 828–1797
- Venice and the Islamic World: Commercial Exchange, Diplomacy, and Religious Difference
- Venice’s Principal Muslim Trading Partners: The Mamluks, the Ottomans, and the Safavids
List of Rulers
- List of Rulers of the Islamic World
- List of Rulers of the Sasanian Empire
- Central and North Asia, 1000–1400 A.D.
- Central and North Asia, 500–1000 A.D.
- The Eastern Mediterranean, 1000–1400 A.D.
- The Eastern Mediterranean, 500–1000 A.D.
- Egypt, 1000–1400 A.D.
- Iberian Peninsula, 1000–1400 A.D.
- Iberian Peninsula, 1400–1600 A.D.
- Iberian Peninsula, 500–1000 A.D.
- Iran, 1000–1400 A.D.
- Iran, 500–1000 A.D.
- Iraq (Mesopotamia), 500–1000 A.D.
- Iraq, 1000–1400 A.D.
- Italian Peninsula, 1000–1400 A.D.
- Western North Africa (The Maghrib), 1000–1400 A.D.
- Abbasid Art
- Ayyubid Art
- Central and North Asia
- Doorway / Portal
- Fatimid Art
- Floral Motif
- Ilkhanid Art
- Islamic Art
- Islamic Art in the Early Period
- Islamic Art in the Later Period
- Islamic Art in the Medieval Period
- Istanbul (Constantinople)
- Medieval Art
- North Africa
- Ottoman Art
- Plant Motif
- Safavid Art
- Sasanian Art
- Southeast Asia
- Timurid Art
- Umayyad Art
- Western North Africa (The Maghrib)
Artist or Maker
- Mir 'Ali Haravi
- Muhammad ibn Aibak ibn 'Abdallah
- Zain Hasan Sulaiman Isfahani
- 82nd & Fifth: “Getting Lost” by Deniz Beyazit
- 82nd & Fifth: “Line” by Sheila Canby
- 82nd & Fifth: “Paradox” by Maryam Ekhtiar
- 82nd & Fifth: “Poetic License” by Martina Rugiadi
- The Artist Project: “Dia Batal on a Syrian tile panel with calligraphic inscription”
- The Artist Project: “Ghada Amer on an Iranian tile panel, Garden Gathering “
- The Artist Project: “Shahzia Sikander on Persian miniature painting”
- The Artist Project: “Zarina Hashmi on Arabic calligraphy”
470 Islam Essay Topics & Examples
On this page, see Islamic essay topics for a variety of tasks. Anything from challenging titles to simple issues to talk about – find something that suits your assignment!
🏆 Best Islam Topic Ideas & Essay Examples
👍 good essay topics on islam, 🥇 interesting topics to write about islam, 🎓 simple & easy islamic topics to talk about, 🔎 most interesting islamic topics to write about, 📑 good research topics about islam, ❓ essay questions about islam, 💯 free islam essay topic generator.
Majoring in Islamic studies? Interested in the discussion around religion? Simply got an assignment related to it? We’ve got you covered! Below, check a list of Islamic topics for presentation, essay, research paper, speech, and more. Our team has gathered unique ideas on numerous questions and Islamic topics you may enjoy.
- Rise of Christianity in Europe and Islam in the Middle East The effect of the prohibition was that Nestorians fled to the Eastern side. One of the historic evidence of the existence of Nestorians was the writings found on the cave temples at Dunhuang.
- Islam Religious Institution in New York The Sunni Muslims are the majority of all the Muslims and comprise of 90% of all the worlds Muslims. In present day mosques, Islamic centers and schools are found in every community, Islamic Organizations and […]
- Positive Impact of Islamic Art on Society Its impact of social and cultural development of the Islamic World and other cultures can be considered to be positive because it has introduced uniqueness, originality, and unity of Islamic culture, architecture, media and politics.
- Daily life in the medieval Islamic world Similarly, in both cases, the wrath of God is felt for failure to abide by the rules in the Holly Quran which are the fabric holding the community together, failure to participate in activities directed […]
- Islamic Art: Early Medieval Period In the following paper I will examine the example of the mina’i ware Ewer in order show how these aspects are presented in the ewer of the 12th century which is a perfect example of […]
- Judaism, Islam and Christianity: Differences and Similarities Christians also believe in holy trinity, that is, the three personalities of God- the Father, the son and the Holy Spirit.
- The Rise and Evolution of the World of Islam Prophet Muhammad, who was was born and raised in Mecca, started spreading the teachings of Islam in Saudi Arabia and this marked the origin of Islam.
- The Five Pillars of Islam The five tenets of Islam guide the faithful not to waver in their obedience to Allah. The Five Pillars of Islam are used to emphasize unity among the faithful and act in one voice.
- Role of Women in Islam In addition, the essay shall also attempt to explore the kinds of variations from country to country regarding the role of women in Islam.
- Brief Summary about Islam In fact, Islam is the name given to the religion while Muslim is used to refer to its followers. It is also the duty of Muslims to give alms to the poor and strive in […]
- Islam as a Complex and Dynamic Religion: Shia and Sunni Muslims ‘Islam is a religion that has significantly influenced the history of the world and in the future, its impact will not decline. Therefore, during the time of Muhammad, Islam was one of the factors that […]
- History of Crafting Islam To convert non-Arabs to Islam, the power of the Koran and the oral traditions established by the final prophet were used.
- The Ten Commandments versus the Five Pillars of Islam This commandment is inflexible and forms the basis of the faith of the Christians in the continuation and existence of one God.
- Media Effect on Islam as a Religion The stereotyping of the Islamic religion as a religion of violence and terror in the whole world is due to the misrepresentation by the media.
- Christianity and Islam in the “Kingdom of Heaven” The director pictures their respective contributions in the making of the present ‘history of religions.’ A good number of instances in the film appear historically accurate.
- History of the Islamic Civilization The age of Islamic civilization started when Muslim conquests led to the establishment of the Caliphate, or Islamic Empire, during the 8th to 10th century.
- Byzantine and Islamic Сivilizations The Byzantine Empire was therefore a Greek state with Greek being the most common language in use instead of Latin which was the official language of the Eastern Roman Empire.
- The Fight Against Terrorism by Christian and Islam Leaders It is remarkable that during the summit in Cologne, Pope urged the Muslim leaders to intensify the war shunning terrorism. Confirmation from the Turkish Islam Union, that studying religion and customs is critical in the […]
- Religion: Islam Muslims believe that Islam came from God and the prophet Mohammad is the last prophet; in the religion, there is a lot of emphasis on the meaning the religion, this portrays the religion as a […]
- The Veil and Muslim: How the Veil Became the Symbol of Muslim Civilization and What the Veil Meant to Islamic Reformists The veil was used as a reform tool by early reformists especially in Egypt due to its relationship with oppression of women.
- The Definition of Radical Islam With the rapid and unstoppable spread of Western influence, the radical Muslims continue to perceive the world as “the prison for believers and the paradise for unbelievers”.
- Islam and focus on Women Thus, it is crucially important to remember that it is a woman who stimulates the development of society; and the main theme of the book under consideration is to portray the oppressed women and reveal […]
- Islamic Living: Effective Cross-Cultural Communication It is not possible to separate Islam as a religion and the way one who professes the faith lives because it has been said to be a way of life.
- Fatima Mernissi about the Women’s Way of Life in Islam Ironically, about 50% of the voters are women but they refrain from taking up the offices due to the misunderstanding of the holy books and fear of rejection from the society especially men who are […]
- The History and Culture of Islam & the Arabs and Their Contributions to Global Civilization and the Advancement of Human Society However, one has to admit general ignorance of the fact that Islam is the predecessor of the Western science and has shaped the face of it throughout the centuries. In conclusion, one may confirm, that […]
- Islamic Religion and Its Influence on the Society The objective of this paper is to understand Islam as a religion, the way it affects its followers and the way in which its followers view the world in general.
- Middle East’s Islamic Ideologies Therefore, the urge and strive by the people of the Middle East to spread their religion leads to conflicts with other countries in the Western world.
- History of Islam in China Despite lack of considerable documentation about the history of Arab history, the brief Chinese history depicted above and the evidence contained in the Ancient Record of Tang Dynasty described this event as the birth of […]
- Core Beliefs and Practices of Islam In the current state of the world that is characterized by globalization, the cultural identity, beliefs and values of the Islamic religion is facing a crisis because of the instances of imitation and the aspect […]
- Logic in Islam and Number of Islamic Theologians Combination of the diverse philosophical ideologies resulted into Islamic logic, which has made marked contribution in the Islamic philosophy.”Historians of logic have long recognized that the medieval Muslim philosophers and philosophical theologians rendered variously as […]
- Anti-Islamic Religious Discrimination in the Workplace On the world scale, discrimination of Muslims in the workplaces is rising due to the anti-terrorism crusade that propagate damaging stereotypes that Muslims and their religion are source of terror in the modern society.
- The Conditions of Hindu and Islamic Women in Medieval India Similarities of Hindu and Muslim Women in Medieval India The political involvement of both Hindu and Muslim women is a common feature they shared in the medieval period. Differences of Hindu and Muslim Women in […]
- Difference between Islam and Christianity Essay On the concept of the deity, Christians believe in the trinity which encompasses three persons in one God, that is, the God the father, the son and the Holy Spirit.
- Analyzing the Role of Virgin Mary in Empowering Women in Christianity and Islam The role of the American media in shaping the cultural identity of women has led to what Douglas refers to as a contradiction of cultures as the influences of the media over the generations have […]
- Rights of Non-muslims in Islamic Political System The rights of non-Muslims are limited in Islamic state and they are expected to follow Islamic law. Non-Muslims are not to be forced to adopt what is against their conscience and creed but they should […]
- Abrahamic Religions: Islam and Judaism According to the Islam religion, the testimony of faith is considered the most important among the five pillars because of the profession.
- Islam and Its Influence on Political and Social Situations It is a purely monotheistic religion which is characterized by the acceptance of the theological doctrine of total submission to God and adherence to the teachings and prophecies of Muhammad as the chief and the […]
- Honor Killing in Islam One of the factors that determine whether a question of honor leads to an honor killing is the relationship between Muslims and their community members.
- Islam Religion Fundamental Beliefs In addition, the adherents of Islam are guided by the religious obligations which are outlined in the Five Pillars of Islam.
- Islam: History, Beliefs, and Practices They are commanded in the Quran not to create hostilities, violet the welfare and rights of other people, associate in acts of aggressions and harm the innocent.
- Historical Background of Islamic Faith The fundamental goal of this pillar is to ensure sharing among the Muslims. Muslims believe that the purpose of sexual relations is to beget children.
- The Plight of Muslim Women in Islamic Societies A new perspective when it comes to the expectation of Muslim women in Islamic societies contributed to the establishment of a harsh system that in turn led to the oppression of women.
- Arabic poems relating to Islam The letters have been widely and intensively studied within the context of the history of Islam even though there is no unanimous agreement on whether the anonymous authors of the letters belonged to the Islamic […]
- Critical Analysis: Islamic Moral in Novel Hayy ibn Yaqdhan by Ibn Tufail As the novel tells us the story of a child who lived alone in a desert, we can see the results of lonely life together with the illness and in a close connection with the […]
- Gender and Religion: Women and Islam Part of this worship is the realization that Islam is a way of life and the actions of each believer contribute to the creation of a God-fearing society.
- Islamic Thinkers on Revolution Unfortunately, he notes that this form of revolution is conspicuously missing and thus the effectiveness of the revolutions undergoing in the present world are politically instigated.
- Ghazali on the Principles of Islamic Spirituality Another interesting part of these readings is the one that addresses the evils of speech. This is probably why it is so hard to escape evils of the tongue.
- Business Culture and Muslim Financial Institutions Objectives Examine the effects of Shariah principles to the performance of Islamic institutions in non-Islamic world To compare the growth rate of Islamic and conventional financial institutions To establish the quality and effectiveness of Islamic […]
- Mohammad Abdu and His Contributions in Islam He constructed an Islamic model of thought that valued feminism and that distinguished the Islamic view of feminism from the western view of feminism. He is considered the father of Islamic modernism owing to his […]
- Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam His association with the Nation of Islam equally put him to the limelight, as he headed the movement from the year 1934 to 1975 when he died, leaving his legacy and philosophy enshrined in the […]
- Radical Islam vs. Classical Islam The holy book on which the Islamic religion is based is the Quran, which is the book written directly word for word as communicated by God and memorised by the prophet.
- Significance of the veil in Islam Moreover, the veil has gained massive popularity among Arab countries, as almost all women cover their faces. While this is the case, some communities around the world view the use of the Islam veil as […]
- The Judeo-Christian and Islamic Religions Today, many people are inclined to pay attention to the differences in religious traditions when the accentuation of the similarities in the spiritual beliefs is more significant for understanding the roots and principles of this […]
- Islam and the Qur’an It is imperative to note that the Qur’an continues to inspire the lives of many Muslims. The biggest factor however is that the Qur’an is a book full of ayets and quotes that make those […]
- The Islamic Societies History This essay explores the views of Muslims on the role of religion, politics, and military affairs, and how did this play out in the territorial expansion of Islam.
- Analysis of Hadith in Islam The validity of such statements is of great importance to Islamic historians who pay close attention to their transmission of Hadith.
- Islam, Modernity, and Justice for Women The modernists seek to “define Islam by bringing out fundamentals in a rational and liberal manner; to emphasize the basic ideals of Islam; and to interpret the Islamic teachings in order to bring out its […]
- Elijah Muhammad and The Nation of Islam Elijah Muhammad was a leader who managed to continue the development of the Nation of Islam as social, religious and political organization and contributed to the development of the movement aimed at making the rights […]
- Cultural Conflict Between Christian Western Countries and Islamic Countries of the East In the eyes of the democratic western world, the violence is directly attributed to the oppressive political systems of the East.
- Comparing Judaism and Islam Most common to the practices and traditions of the two religions is the “aspects of ritual purity, the practice of fasting, and the presence of dietary laws”.
- Islam, Democracy and the West Summary Neither is the language used in the Holy Quran, nor the succession of the Holy Prophet by the divided Shiite and Sunni communities.
- Muhammad Rashid Rida, a Prominent Islamic Theologian From these sources, Rida learnt of the risk that Christian European posed to the world of Islam and the need for a stronger Islam to counter this threat.
- Christianity, Islam, and Judaism Perspectives on God One of the fundamental tenets of the Christian faith is its focus on the holy trinity which is composed of God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit each aspect, while separate, […]
- Professor’s Ahmed’s: Journey into America: The Challenge of Islam An explanation to this may be the media commonly creating unfavorable, undesirable, and harmful attention to Islam in the perspective of terrorism in the Middle East, and the desire of American Muslims to keep a […]
- Contemplating Islam in the 7th Century One of the problematic issues that I had to contend with is the fact that Mohammed patterned his teachings to that of Judaism and Christianity.
- Islamic Scholars: Hassan-Al–Banna and Yusuf-Al–Qaradawi This article seeks to highlight on the solutions and suggestions offered by the two leaders in relation to the political crises that affected Muslims during the 20th century.
- The Major World Religions: Islam and Christianity The relevance of Jesus Christ in Christianity and Islam also proves to be a major area of divergence in the two religions.
- The five pillars of Islam Every Islam in the world is expected to follow the five pillars of Islam, which is the foundation of religion for the Muslim life.
- International Faux Pas in Islamic and Other Cultures In this view, I consider that Japanese culture is the most difficult culture to live in because of the faux pas associated with the hand gestures.
- Islam: Major Differences Between the Shiite Muslims and the Sunni Muslims In conclusion, it is possible to state that there a number of similarities as well as differences between the Shiite and Sunni Muslims.
- The Battle of Tropical Islam: struggle for an Islamic Identity in Indonesia During the early part of the twentieth century two different views of Islam in Indonesia started to emerge that caused a split emerged between the modernists and the more conservatives.
- Islam Teachings Interpretation in Muslim Countries The Shahada talks about the uniqueness of Allah and his prophet Mohammed, Salat is a description of how Muslims worship or pray to Allah, Zakat, refers to the practice of helping the poor members of […]
- Faith and the Future: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Jews can gloat and say that they are the chosen people but this is not a wise decision to make because they will be threatened on all side and in fact since two thousand years […]
- Islam Relationships With the West The questions are the policy makers in the West should engage with the Islamic world, whether the spread of democracy in the Muslim regions stop the military forces that generates terrorism and the Western governments […]
- Islam in France: Burqa Controversy To appreciate the origins and history of the veil, the first part of this paper is an analysis of veil use in the three major monotheistic religions.
- Islamic Society and Beliefs Religion is a system of faith that is based on the belief in a god and the subsequent worship of the god.
- Reflection: The Concept of the “Islamic State” Mohammed Ayoob is a professor of International Relations from Michigan State University and the author of one of the most interesting and worthwhile book about the Islamic world The Many Faces of Political Islam: Religion […]
- “Arabic Islamic Culture” and Terrorism: Inherent Concepts or Not? I cannot agree to the idea that Arab Islamic culture and terrorists are really connected to each other; it is falsely to think that any representative of Arab Islamic culture has to be a terrorist […]
- Islamic Revolution and American Invasions This paper attempts to investigate the events in the Middle East that steered the Islamic revolution in Iran during 1979, the significance of the Arab Peninsula to the Middle East and other parts of the […]
- Abrahamic Religions: Judaism, Christianity, Islam The three religions believe that, God’s communication to His people is made through prophets as illustrated in the holy books for the three religions, with Christianity, Judaism, and Islam believing in holy bible, Torah and […]
- Importance of Ritual in Confucianism and in Islam Rituals in religious contexts are considered as actions that denotes symbolic activities and practices that are carried out by people, for example, when greeting a certain set of people belonging to a certain age set, […]
- Rise of Islam and Social Conflict in Mecca Believers in Islam or the Muslims adhere to the recordings of the Quran with special emphasis on the life of Prophet Mohammad and his teachings.
- Essay on Islamophobia and Its Effects There has been an increase of the perceived trend of Islamophobia in the 2000s, that been linked to the 9/11 attacks in the USA, while on the other hand some relate it to the rapidly […]
- The settling of the Islam in the Southeast Asia was an extension from the coastal India In the south Asia, the conversion of the Indians to Islam started in the seventh century. This is in contrast to the soteriology of Confucianism.
- The Relationship between Democracy and Islam in Indonesia Islam has played a crucial role in the research on the compatibility in Islam and democracy, in elections and in the building of a civil society in Indonesia.
- Theology, Philosophy and Science in Islamic Civilization In conclusion, it is evident that there was coexistence between theology, philosophy and science in the making of the Islamic civilization.
- Islam and Science in Islam, Fatalism, and Medical Intervention The second article called Islam, Procreation and the Law discusses the moral and religious codes with regard to the notions of reproduction and sexuality treated from a historical perspective.
- “Islam, A Short History” by Karen Armstrong Armstrong demonstrates political and religious history of the Muslim world, starting with the Koran revelation to Muhammad in 610 AD through to the present days.
- Evidence of Transformation in Islam The message brought by Muhammad would bring back this unity.”But the organization of power among the aristocracy of Quraysh was not complete because their council of oligarchs lacked legislative force and the means to execute […]
- Islamic History About Sunni and Shia Muslims The outcome of the meeting was the election of Abu Bark as the caliph. It attempts to answer the question; “what kinds of arguments, methods and policies did the Rashidun, Umayyad, Abbasid and Fatimid caliphs/imams […]
- Islam: Religious Tradition and Politics The major difference between the two notions is that Islam as a religious tradition is based on the sacred writings whereas political Islam is based on a very specific interpretation of the sacred texts.
- Islam and Politics: Separation of Religion and State Apart from the discrepancies in views on modernization and role of religion in the process, specific emphasis should also be placed on the definition of the secularization.
- Stereotypes of Islam and Muslims in the West This was evident after Shadid made analyses of various publications which analyzed the threat of Islam and the Muslim community to the western countries and fashion such stereotypical messages in the realm of myth.
- The Islam’s Six Dimensions According to Dien, the calligraphy of the Quran and the various rituals which are told to be put forwarded by Muhammad have been crucial for the spread of Islam to many parts of the world.
- The State of Religion in Pre-islamic Arabia Still, the peculiarity of the religion in pre-Islamic Arabia is that people did not believe in life after death, but the presence of the mysterious creatures was important for human imagination.
- Modernity and Islamism in Morocco In the Eighteenth century, Islam was the only aspect that bound all the Moroccans together, and this explains why Islam was dominant in the country.
- Is the Islamic Republic of Iran a Theocracy? In his article “Religion and Politics in Iran: How Theocratic Is the Islamic Republic?”, Chehabi states that the Islamic Republic of Iran can be discussed as theocracy, but a lot of issues in organizing the […]
- The Glories of Islamic Art Series It is against this backdrop that this paper takes an incisive look at the Islamic art that was developed by the Mamluks of Cairo with cross reference to the movie The Glories of Islamic Art.
- Women in Islam: Liberation of Women in the Middle East Feminists observe that the subjection of women to the power of men originated from the rise of private property, the family, and the state.
- Muslim Perceptions on Islam: How Teachings of Islam Are Interpreted and Perceived by Different Muslims From Different Countries In addition, Muslims are also to offer an amount of tax which is the equivalent of an offering that is dedicated for the poor and the needy among the Muslim members of the society.
- Significance of Ramadan in Islam Religion Ramadan is not the time of merry-making and socializing but, it is rather the time to worship through fasting, since fasting during the Islamic month of Ramadan is among the Islam pillars.
- Comparison Between Islamic Story of Creation and Bing Bang Theory In the ‘big bang’ theory of creation, scientists believe that the universe keeps on expanding with time as a result of the big bang that took place 13-15 billion years ago. The similarity between the […]
- Islam as Most Feared and Controversial Religion This definition suggests that everything must obey the rules and the will of Allah or the law of nature. Islamic religion asserts that the Quran came through a messenger or prophet of God, and Muhammad […]
- World Regional Geography: “Arab World” and “Islamic World” It is a fact that Arabic is spoken across Mauritania in North Africa to the Arabian Peninsula, Syria and Iraq but not spoken some parts of the realm.
- Islamic Indexing and Index Related Investments This index ascertains the performance of worldwide investment securities that are compliant with Sharia ethical principles and are in consistent with the Dow Jones Indexes’ rule-based appraisal method.
- Religious Extremism and Islam The horrors of the September 11 event awaken the people around the world on the power of religion to kill and maim innocent civilians. It is the duty of the religious extremists to persuade the […]
- Future of Islamic Finance However in the Islamic model, the relationship established between the client and the institutions enables the bank to engage in trade in conjunction with the client.
- Islam and politics: Modernity challenges Another point of focus is on the political movements’ engagements and collective actions as feminists as well as other pro-women organizations that delve on gender, equality and women representation in political fields In formal politics, […]
- Historical expansion of Islam Islam is a belief that is grounded on the teachings of the Quran and the prophetical teachings of Mohammad. Further, the unending efforts by the Muslims to spread their religion coined and ingrained in their […]
- Integrating Islamic Ornaments by Building Inspired With Decorative Art of Europe for Production of Clothing? In the course of the middle ages, decorative arts of Islamic origin were among the most valued imports in Europe. The integration of Islamic arts within the decorative art in clothing production resulted in a […]
- The Inclusion of Islam, Christianity and Judaism in Politics Christians have changed their belief about the government, and they now want to be involved in the mainstream politics of the countries to help refine the politics that is practiced.
- Impact of New Electronic Media on Egyptian Islam The electronic media has introduced Egypt to the rest of the world. The media can be used to empower the people of Egypt.
- Place of Ramadan in Islamic Traditions The new ones are not very popular, and some of them are even unknown to the majority of the general public, which cannot be said about those that are accepted by millions of individuals.
- Islamic Concepts of Humiliation In many Islamic societies, humiliation is taken as an affront to their men as it is compromises their ability to protect the dignity of their faith and its believers.
- Europe’s Perception of Islam in Early and Middle Centuries Both believed that their religion was the right religion, and that the other was meant to misguide the world. They had to fight it, and that was the sole purpose of the crusaders.
- Comparison Between Islamic and Conventional Banks On top of that, the conventional banks are able to access finances from the money market which includes other banks and the central bank, while the Islamic banks can not, and they disclose the same […]
- The role of Islam in Saudi Arabia’s foreign policy As a country deeply rooted in Islam as the source of political ideology, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has continued to shape its international relations based on the staunch belief and practice of the Islamic […]
- Spread of Islam in Europe in the Last Century Most Europeans who occupied the Muslim World assimilated the Islam culture and on return to Europe spread the Islam religion to the others left behind in Europe.
- Mass Media Role in Distorting the Image of Islam The manner in which the media has been covering domestic matters as well as international occurrences which involve the Muslims is thought to be the main issue in the continuance of the negative view about […]
- Islam and Democracy in Egypt Overall, it is possible to argue that Mubarak resisted the growing role of Sharia in the legislative system of this country, but he had to recognize the importance of Islam for the culture of the […]
- Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt For instance, Sayyid Abu’l-A’la Mawdudi, an ideologist of global Islamism held that all Muslims have the right to rule or constitute the executive system of government and, at the same time, have the right to […]
- The Nationalism and Islam in the Middle East Region The discovery of crude oil in the region during the 20th century has changed the fortunes of the region. The issue of the Jewish resettlement in the Middle East has been viewed as central to […]
- The Rise and Fall of the Islamic Spain This paper intends to explain the rise and fall of the Islamic Spain with a particular emphasis on the importance of Spain to the world civilisation.
- Polygamy in Islam Muslim men in polygamous marriages should be kind to their women. Nonetheless, many Muslim men are unable to comply with the rules of Islamic polygamy.
- Arguing the Just War in Islam To understand the notion of just war in Islam, one has to first understand the origin and development of Islam as a religion, as well as comprehend the meaning of the term Islam.
- Globalisation and the Future of Islam-West Relations As it is observed in this paper, the idea of globalisation and its positive aspects in life are likely to play a significant role in determining Western-Muslim relations in the near future.
- Impartiality: Richard Bulliet’s Islam and the West in the Case of Islamo-Christian Civilization The analogous historical development of Islam and the Western societies and the similarities and differences of the societies that emerge from them.
- An Introduction to Islam. Sunnis The holy place of worship for the Muslim is the mosque and the general religious life of the believer is centered on this building.
- Islamic Religion: Zakah Zakah is listed among the five pillars forming the basic foundations of the religion of Islam; it is the third of the five.
- Comparison between the Western Culture and Islam with regards to Work and Labor In Islam, it is the right of every individual to choose whatever work he wants to do however, the selection of work should be done as per the needs of his society.
- Turkey: Synthesis between Islam and Secularism The transformation that is taking place in Turkey entails the emergence of a mix of secularism and Islam. The party has been depicted as proactive to Islam initiatives and the current leader has significant connections […]
- Islam and Land Ownership in Pakistan The Land Reform Regulation of 1972 proposed that the government was to give such lands to the landless as a way of reducing poverty levels among the rural population.
- Islamic Culture: Land Ownership in Pakistan This aspect is considered to be the main in the discussion of the organisational culture as the company is usually perceived on the basis of the behaviour of its employees and the way the company […]
- Muslims Increase and the Spread of Islam Also, the paper will highlight the reasons that have hampered the spread of Islam in the US and in the modern world.
- Government: Islam as a Source of Legitimacy Owing to the prevalence of terrorism and terrorism in the Islamic countries, Western countries have perceived Islam as a source of terror and thus illegitimate religion. Hence, in the view of terrorism and extremism, Islam […]
- Islamic and Arab Culture Loss in UAE’s Foreign Schools Every culture instills values in members, and thus, foreign education in the United Arab Emirates should seek to enhance such cultural values in students who hail from the area instead of trying to instill foreign […]
- Water Symbolism in Christianity and Islam Water symbolism in religion is the practice of associating water to particular beliefs that govern the religion’s rules. The raising water continuously lifted the ark preventing the Noah family and other animals from drowning Muslims […]
- Religious Studies: the Rahman Discussion and His Faith in Islam Yes, Rahman believes in the teachings of the Quran because they are the basis of all his writing. He cites from the Quran that this day will be the Day of Decision.
- Women Status in Hinduism and Islam This paper explores the meaning of women in Hinduism and Islam and the possible sources of such aggressive opposition to gender equality in some areas of Hindu and Islamic majority countries.
- Islamic Faith: Teachings and Practices Ahmed elaborates that Muslims in Middle East, India and Pakistan are keen and aware of the distinctions between the two factions.
- Global Islamic Marketing Principles The concept of “Global Islamic Marketing” emerged as a separate discipline, which was based on the teachings and guidelines of Islam. Global Islamic marketing refers to a separate discipline, which is based on the teachings […]
- Polygamy Concept in Islam Polygamy is allowed in Islam to address the social and cultural problems that face men, women, and children, without violating the teachings of the religion.
- Islam and Christianity Impacts on the Medieval World This paper highlights the impact of both religions on the medieval world by showing that the influence of Islam on Medieval Europe was stronger than the influence of Christianity in medieval Asia.
- Politics: the “Islamic State” Crisis and U.S Policy The chief argument for the potential threat posed by ISIS to the U.S.is related to the strategic goal of the group to establish an Islamic Caliphate.
- World Religions: Islam and Baha’i Masumian notes that the Baha’i concept of heaven and hell is in relation to the closeness or detachment from God. In contrast to this, the Baha’i faith declares that there is oneness of God and […]
- Terrorism: the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant The article claims that the British parliament unanimously voted to launch air strikes in Iraq in an attempt to paralyze some of the work of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Iraq.
- The Islamic Political Movements Influence The Islamic world is influential in the manner in which its political ideologies contrast with the political perspectives of the Westerners and some of the emerging nations allied to the European nations.
- Christianity and Islam: Service to God and Afterlife The structure of this paper analyzes the service to God and the perception of the afterlife, as highlights of the differences and similarities about the Christian and Islamic perceptions of life.
- Islam and Hinduism Development in India There are various reasons that led to the flourishing of Hinduism and Islam in the country while Christianity and Buddhism took a beating in the country.
- Jihad Role in Islam Religion To the rest of the population, Millard opines that Jihad evokes conflict and war, and it is the defining factor for making Islam to have the least reception in the minds of such opponents.
- Comparison of Christianity and Islam Christianity is one of the many religious groups in the history of humanity and many believers in the US are affiliated to Christianity.
- The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria Security Dilemma Although the group is largely unrecognized by other sovereign states and the international community, it continues to spread its ideals and aspirations on governance and political control in the Gulf region. The original objective of […]
- Islamic Gardens: Taj Mahal and Alhambra A canal is constructed at the front in a manner so that a reflection of the mausoleum can be seen in the water.
- Christianity and Islam: the Attitude Toward Wealth The Bible is the main source of understanding Christianity and its concepts. In this part of the Bible, God is not viewed as someone who takes the side of the poor and regards attempts to […]
- Global Islamic Marketing System Plan The findings indicate that the Islamic marketing system is very complex besides having the ability to improve the product visibility among the players, since it is designed to internalize the Islamic beliefs.
- Modernity, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey The depth of the literature review compels the reader to go on and on to establish what other scholars have said about this topic in the past.
- Poorer Social Classes in Hindu and Islamic Religions The caste system leads to the isolation and exploitation of the weak classes of the society by the upper privileged classes, since the Hindu religion and traditions view poverty and their respective social classes as […]
- Islamic Business In Islamic business, currency notes and debt certificates in exchange of homogeneous currencies are not valid subjects of sale as they represent purchasing powers with respect to the different denominations they are in.
- “In the Footsteps of the Prophet” and “The Truth about Muhammad” Comparing “In the footsteps of the prophet” by Tariq Ramadan with “The Truth about Muhammad” by Robert Spencer Ramadan is a Muslim leader and an intellectual whose book presents Muhammad’s biography.
- Women Roles in Mormonism, Wicca and Islam Other religious practices that are crucial under the doctrine of atonement include adhering to all the commandments from God, being filled with the power of the Holy Spirit and baptism. In regards to the doctrines […]
- The Figure of Jesus in Islam
- Shia Islam – Religious Studies
- Religious Comparisons: Judaism, Christianity and Islam
- Veils in Islam – Religious Studies
- Meaning of Life from Islamic Point of View
- Slavery in Islamic Civilisation
- The Islamic Golden Age
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- The Islamic and Mughal Arts
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- Medieval China and Europe and Spread of Islam
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- Secularism, Pluralism and Modernity in Islam
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- Strategic Management from an Islamic Perspective
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- Conformity: Western Culture vs. Islamic Culture
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- The Future of Islam: Evolution and Changes
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- The Media and Its Representation of Islam and Muslim Women
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- The Five Pillars of Islam Religion
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- Prophethood and the Making of Islamic Historical Identity
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- Antichrist in Catholic and Islamic Religion
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- The Gardens of Islam: Water and Shade
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- Islam: The Origin and Early Expansion
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- Political Islam in the Middle East
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- The Chronicle of Islamic History: The Attack of Mongols on Islam and Muslim People
- Political Islam in the Arab World
- Judaism, Christianity and Islam as a Single System
- Religion: Hajj, an Islamic Pilgrimage to Mecca
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- “Islamic Political Identity in Turkey” by Hakan Yavuz
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- Polygamy in Islam: Marriage Issues
- “Islam, Modernity, and the West: “”Clash of Civilizations”” by Huntington”
- Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism in America: A Country of Many Religions
- Islamic Law Reflection Overview
- Islamic Corporate Social Responsibility
- Islamic Art Patterns: Emirati Architecture Identity
- Soul Concept in Islam and Buddhism
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- Lessons Learnt From Islamic Spirituality
- Sex, Gender, and Sexuality in Islam
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- Religion Impact on Morality in Christianity and Islam
- “Being Muslim: A Cultural History of Women of Color in American Islam” by Sylvia Chan -Malik
- The Islamic Religion in the United States
- Opposing Islam and Modernity From a Sociological Perspective
- Reaction Report About Islamic Civilization
- The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and Other Extremist Organizations
- Terrorism Nowadays: Islamic State of Iraq and Syria
- Islam and Islamic Extremism
- E-Sale Contract From an Islamic Perspective
- An Analysis of Islamic Law’s Aspects of the E-Sale Contracts
- Comparative Performance of Islamic Versus Non-Islamic Mutual Funds
- The Place of Shari’ah in Contemporary Islamic Societies
- Islamic Law: E-Sale Contracts
- Information and Communication Technology & Economic Freedom in Islamic Middle Eastern Countries
- Comparative Study of Conventional and Islamic Bank Performance in the GCC
- Islamic and Finance Derivatives Distinction
- Islamic Marriage and Divorce
- The Al-Hijab in Islamic Law
- Land Ownership and Development of Islamic Property Law
- Derivatives in Islamic Finance
- How Decency, Morality and Fairness have been Reflected in Islamic Commercial Transactions
- Time Value of Money from an Islamic Perspective
- Islamic Finance and Banking. Basic Islamic Principles
- Islamic Branding and Reputation Management
- Financial Risk Management in Islamic Banking
- Islamic Instruments for Managing Liquidity
- Islamic Philosophy Related To Patient Care
- Islamic Architecture: Al-Masjid Al-Haram, Ka’aba, Makka
- The Principles of Functioning of Islamic Financial Institutions
- Project Finance From the Islamic Perspective
- Islamic Banking in Dubai and the UAE
- Calligraphy Inscription in Islamic Architecture and Art
- Calligraphy as Fundamental Element of Islamic and Chinese Art
- Islamic Architectural Design
- Islamic Architecture: Environment and Climate
- The Contemporary Islamic Finance
- Islamic Law and Financial Services
- Islamic Banking: Sources and Uses of Funds
- The Islamic Capital Marketing
- The Islamic Mutual Funds
- Researching Islamic Bond (Sukuk)
- Income State of Islamic Banks
- The Essence of the Islamic Banking System
- Women in Islam: Some Rights, No Equality
- Islam and Judaism in Quran Sura 5 “The Table”
- Murabahah, an Islamic Financing Product
- Islamic and Traditional Finance in Malaysia
- Islam, the Ottoman Empire and the Middle East: Dissipating of the Misconceptions
- Human Rights in Islam and West
- Islam and Politics: Qaddafi’s Ideology
- The Islam Ideology and Politics
- Researching of Islam and Politics
- How 11 September Changed Americans’ Views on Islam and Muslims?
- What Is the Relationship Between Islam and Religious Education in Turkey?
- Does Islam Deter Crime in a Secular Islamic Country?
- How Christianity and Islam Share Many of the Same Values?
- What Are the Fundamental Beliefs of Islam?
- Sufism: How Did Sufism Affect Islam and the World?
- Can Democracy and Islam Go Together?
- What Are the Rituals and Beliefs of Islam?
- What Are the Common Doctrines and Beliefs Between Christianity and Islam?
- Does Islam Promote Terrorism?
- What Does Indeed Unity Mean in Islam?
- What Is the Difference Between Islam and Catholicism?
- What Is the Historical Relationship Between Spain and Islam?
- Does Islam Cause Violence in the Middle East?
- Was Islam the Motivation for Ottoman Empire Expansion?
- Why Did Islam Spread So Quickly?
- What Are the Main Similarities and Differences Between Islam and Buddhism?
- What Are the Similarities and Differences Between Christianity, Islam, and Judaism?
- Does Violence Stem From Islam?
- Does the Media Correctly Portray Islam?
- What Are the Main Misconceptions About Islam?
- How Islam Survives Within Liberalism?
- Are Islam and Democratization Compatible?
- Why Has Islam Become So Popular Among Arabs?
- Are Islam and Democracy Compatible?
- Did Islam Spread Throughout Africa With the Use of Force?
- Has Political Islam Failed In Algeria?
- What Does Islam Say About Terrorism?
- Does Islam Need Reformation or Do Islamic Societies Need?
- How Did Islam Spread Following the Death of Muhammad?
- Chicago (N-B)
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Islamic Art Essay
How did the silk road affect the spread of religion.
Not only did the Silk Road enhance the exchange of goods and innovations, but also the spread of religion. The Sild Road spread and built upon the ideas of Buddhism and Islam during the post classical era making it a “Cultural Bridge” bewteen Asia and Europe. During the seventh century, Arab muslims traveled to China along the Silk Road with intentions to spread Islam. Islam spread throughout China, resulting in Islamic scientific and medical advancements to be adopted. Islam was adopted and adapted, diffused with other cultures along the Silk Road. For instance, abstract Islamic art suddenly began to depict human figures in the 12th century. Islamic art exploded with new techniques and figures due to Muslim artists being exposed to
Compare And Contrast Indian Ocean And Trans-Saharan Trade
While the Indian Ocean and Trans-Saharan trade routes both encouraged and facilitated the spread of Islam, the Indian Ocean saw a more extensive diffusion of disease, and traded across water instead of land.
Yayoi Kusama Influence
For people who likes art, art is beautiful; it is a part of history, past experience and what an individual imagines. However, for the artist it is a part of his/her life, it is the perception the artist holds about events around and serves as a way to demonstrate history. Therefore, any piece of art was influenced by various factors. These factors range from economic, political, social and many more. Taking the factors discussed above, the following paper discusses the factors that influenced the style of Yayoi Kusama’s installations. Yayoi Kusama is a famous Japanese artist. Her works draw attention of thousands of people from around the world. Her artworks are developed across a broad range of media. The works were influenced by different factors including social conditions, period of time, personal life, but the major influences of her installations are personal influences at childhood and mental illness.
Differences Between Dar Al-Islam, West Africa And Europe
In this research paper I am going to talk about three issues,which are Dar al-Islam,West Africa and Europe. I am going to explain what happened during the 15th and 16th century with the three of them and how they interacted with each other.The interaction of dar al-Islam and Europe led to many important occasions including the discovery of the Americas,its colonization and the beginning of the slave trade. I will discuss the exchange, clashes, and what happened between these two "universes" that in the end affected West Africa and the whole world.
Informative Speech Haitian Culture
(SP 1 The Haitian People feel very strongly about greetings, Men shake hands on meeting and departing, men and women kiss on the cheek when greeting, women kiss each other on the cheek. An older person might be called “aunt” or “uncle” as sign of respect even if they not related.
Visual Arts In Islamic Art
Islamic art includes the visual arts, which was created in the 7th century to this point ahead; by people who lived in lands that were occupied by or ruled by traditionally Islamic populations. Therefore, it is very hard to describe visual arts because it covers countless fields and assorted inhabitants from above 1400 years ago. Islamic art is not exactly an art of a specific religion or time or a place. Islamic architecture is a huge field, which is subjected to a different article, departing fields, as varied as calligraphy, painting, glass, ceramics, and textile. Islamic fine art is not all limited to religious fine art; however, it includes all the art of wealthy and diverse sophistications of Islamic areas. It often contains nonspiritual aspects, which are frowned on, if not prohibited by a few Islamic theologians.
Construction Of Orientalism
Texts focusing on Islamic art historiography, as well as introductions in Islamic art survey books and museum catalogues, frequently mention definitions and concepts of Islamic art. These definitions can rank from a short paragraph to more elaborate definitions and criticism of the concept. Definitions and concepts of Islamic art may say less about the artifacts and more about the surrounding environment. Conceptual Analysis is a theory that could certainly have been applied to the concept of Islamic art as it certainly travels and breaking it down could provide more information. Unfortunately the size more than the scope of this topic limited the use of theories and Conceptual Analysis as used for example by Mieke Bal (Bal, 2009) will not be used in this research. This research will also not cover any theories related to education, audience or participation. Even though education and audience are important aspects of museums, the focus of this research would be too broad to include these features as well. Therefore, the knowledge transfer theory by Eileen Hooper-Greenhill will not be used as well but is certainly a point of interest for further research as some museum professionals of Islamic art are working with this theory (Weber, A Concert of Things: Thoughts on Objects of Islamic Art in the Museum Context, 2012a, p.
Muslims Dbq Essay
The crusades were a huge thing in the medieval times. They lasted for hundreds of years and people believed it was their religious duty to fight, because they thought it would please God. They were also promised access to heaven, by the pope. The crusades involved three main religions Christianity, Judaism and Islam. I believe that the muslims were more to blame for the crusades, because they posed the first threat, and because they killed and sold many into slavery.
How Did European Culture And Culture Influence The Spread Of Trade Networks Dbq
The Muslim culture was able to spread its culture, while trying to succeed in new surroundings, which allowed it to be spread further than the Europeans culture was
Changes And Continuities Between 600 To 1450 C. E.
The Middle East underwent many changes yet some continuities between 600 to 1450 c.e.. The Middle East during the time of 600 c.e. was the first spread and start of Islam which stated a change reaction for the religion, but it also started a new type of rule from controlling city- states to caliphs. The economy also changed from using agriculture only in the Middle East to trading through the Indian Ocean. The Middle East in the 600 to 1450 c.e. changed from their ruling tactics, the continuity of their religion, Arabic language, and women’s rights, and their trade.
Golden Age Of Islam Essay
After suffering under the tyrannical rule of King Roderic, Spain was relieved to be taken under the wings of Tariq Ibn Ziyad. Within seven years the Muslims had control over Southern Spain, and Portugal. Muslim rule brought countless changes to Spain, which was then called Al Andalus. This conquest brought significant changes to Spain’s religious tolerance, education, medicine, and architecture.
Religious expression through a form of art and its process of creation provides mankind with aesthetic enjoyment, a means of communication, and a show of devotion to one’s faith. Art has been associated with religion since prehistoric times. Paintings created of past events can help elicit a feeling of devotion to one’s art and faith that can be lost over time. Art throughout the ages has become a powerful voice for the expression of religious beliefs. When it comes to the art of Christian Europeans and Asia’s Buddhism, both share narrow perspectives when it comes to their subject matter. The earliest Christian related images were based on symbols of faith, such as the fish associated with Jesus, while in Buddhist art there were the iconic
Essay On The Importance Of Arts In Education
“Arts education is critical for helping students develop creativity, critical thinking, and problem solving abilities” (Chernin). The arts can help people succeed. Art is a way that people can express themselves and share their beliefs. Arts in education can help people focus and attend. Fine arts are important because they make a huge impact on kids education, they make an impact on how people pursue their life careers, and it also helps with stress and anxiety.
How Did Islam Affect Indonesia
Indonesia went through crucial events in the last few centuries including the spread of Islamic faith and influence. The spreading started out from trades that happened between Indonesians and Arabians (Sousa). Religious laws and traditions have changed from the moment Islam spread in Indonesia. Architectural style and mandatory rules also changed. Islam also had an impact on Indonesia economically, such as on banking and financial products (Rama). Islamic culture expedited massive changes whether religiously, artistically, or economically throughout Indonesia’s territory.
Art Integration Essay
Visual and performing arts tend to act as separate entities within the field of education; considerably isolated from the majority of academia, these sectors are often considered to be secondary or elective options after completing primary education. The arts are an essential part of a well-rounded education, however, when an institute begins a budgeting process, the arts are rarely considered a top priority. For example, during periods of recession many public schools within the United Stated were forced to cut visual, performing and musical arts programs, despite studies that proved the exposure to the arts to be beneficial for students both academically and in extracurricular activities.
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