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How to Write a Research Paper

Writing a research paper is a bit more difficult that a standard high school essay. You need to site sources, use academic data and show scientific examples. Before beginning, you’ll need guidelines for how to write a research paper.

Start the Research Process

Before you begin writing the research paper, you must do your research. It is important that you understand the subject matter, formulate the ideas of your paper, create your thesis statement and learn how to speak about your given topic in an authoritative manner. You’ll be looking through online databases, encyclopedias, almanacs, periodicals, books, newspapers, government publications, reports, guides and scholarly resources. Take notes as you discover new information about your given topic. Also keep track of the references you use so you can build your bibliography later and cite your resources.

Develop Your Thesis Statement

When organizing your research paper, the thesis statement is where you explain to your readers what they can expect, present your claims, answer any questions that you were asked or explain your interpretation of the subject matter you’re researching. Therefore, the thesis statement must be strong and easy to understand. Your thesis statement must also be precise. It should answer the question you were assigned, and there should be an opportunity for your position to be opposed or disputed. The body of your manuscript should support your thesis, and it should be more than a generic fact.

Create an Outline

Many professors require outlines during the research paper writing process. You’ll find that they want outlines set up with a title page, abstract, introduction, research paper body and reference section. The title page is typically made up of the student’s name, the name of the college, the name of the class and the date of the paper. The abstract is a summary of the paper. An introduction typically consists of one or two pages and comments on the subject matter of the research paper. In the body of the research paper, you’ll be breaking it down into materials and methods, results and discussions. Your references are in your bibliography. Use a research paper example to help you with your outline if necessary.

Organize Your Notes

When writing your first draft, you’re going to have to work on organizing your notes first. During this process, you’ll be deciding which references you’ll be putting in your bibliography and which will work best as in-text citations. You’ll be working on this more as you develop your working drafts and look at more white paper examples to help guide you through the process.

Write Your Final Draft

After you’ve written a first and second draft and received corrections from your professor, it’s time to write your final copy. By now, you should have seen an example of a research paper layout and know how to put your paper together. You’ll have your title page, abstract, introduction, thesis statement, in-text citations, footnotes and bibliography complete. Be sure to check with your professor to ensure if you’re writing in APA style, or if you’re using another style guide.


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One of the main ways cloud providers can cut down on energy consumption is through saving energy from their data centers. Data centers play a significant role in the reduction of energy consumption as they are also the leading powerhouse for cloud resources Cloud computing is the well-known technology for scaling of extensive data and […]

Arduino is an open-source hardware and software company, project and user community that designs and manufactures single-board microcontrollers and microcontroller kits for building digital devices and interactive objects that can sense and control both physically and digitally. AUTOMATIC IRRIGATION SYSTEM USING ARDUINO free downloadNowadays, the increase in population has led to water scarcity in most […]

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Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) can be defined as a self-configured and infrastructure-less wireless networks to monitor physical or environmental conditions, such as temperature, sound, vibration, pressure, motion or pollutants and to cooperatively pass their data through the network to a main location or sink where Applications of WSN Internet of Things (IOT) Surveillance and Monitoring […]

Renewable energy is useful energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, including carbon neutral sources like sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat Solar. Wind Energy. Hydroelectric. Ocean Energy. Geothermal Energy. Biomass. Hydrogen. A renewable energy source means energy that is sustainable – something that can’t […]

hybrid electric scooter model developed and simulated using Matlab/Simulink. This hybrid scooter modeled has a parallel hybrid structure. The main propulsion units consist of a two stroke internal combustion engine and a hub motor attached to the front wheel of the scooter. The methodology used to optimize the energy and fuel consumption of the hybrid […]

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Positioning and Navigation in Challenging Environments

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Submission Deadline:  31 July 2022

IEEE Access invites manuscript submissions in the area of Positioning and Navigation in Challenging Environments.   

In recent years, positioning and navigation has become a vital part of modern life especially with the continuous performance enhancement and modernization of the four global navigation satellite systems. Positioning and navigation industry has been growing quickly and has played a significant role in the industrial chain. Although great progress and many achievements have been made over the past few decades, there are a range of significant issues to be dealt with, especially in challenging environments.

In complex (e.g. large, multi-floor) indoor environments, it is a challenge to generate a valid positioning and navigation solution by a remote cloud platform with both offline and online data (e.g. WiFi and magnetic fingerprint data) recorded with smartphones The problem may become more complex if a pedestrian goes through different scenarios, such as from one floor to another floor of the same building, or from one building to another connected or neighboring building. There is a preference to avoid any interruption in the provision of valid position information. Thus, in the design of next-generation (beyond 5G) communication systems, the positioning functions need to be enabled and standardization of positioning technology such as in 3GPP should be taken into account.

As natural resources of the earth’s surface and shallow sea are becoming scarce, it is inevitable to acquire resources from deep underground, deep underwater and outer space. Regarding deep underground mining, there are currently a good number of deep mines in the world, including Mponeng Gold Mine and Tau Tona Mine, both located in South Africa with a depth of about 3.9km, and Kidd Creek Copper and Zinc Mine located in Ontario, Canada with a depth of about 2.9km. Deep underground mining is a challenging scenario which usually has high humidity and irregular space distribution, requiring stricter restrictions on the design and building of positioning and navigation systems.

Deep sea mining is promising because of abundant minerals on and under the deep seabed. For instance, a large amount of polymetallic nodules, containing rich concentrations of manganese, nickel, copper, and cobalt, are found in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone, a great abyssal plain as wide as the continental United States that lies 4 to 6 km below the surface of the eastern Pacific Ocean. Abundant naturel gas and oil also exist deep under the sea. Positioning and navigation is important for vehicles and robots to pick up the seabed surface minerals and to perform drilling and extraction of minerals under the seabed.

Space mining is currently a hot topic and should become a reality in the next few decades. , It is crucial to provide accurate and reliable positioning and navigation information for spacecraft and/or space robots which will approach and then usually land on the target planet (e.g. moon) or asteroid, followed by exploration, mining and so on; or simply catch and hold a rather small asteroid and move it back to Earth. For instance, a small Japanese space capsule carrying pristine pieces of the near-Earth asteroid Ryugu touched down on 5 December 2020, northwest of the South Australian capital of Adelaide. This was a successful initial step towards space mining on asteroids.

Positioning and navigation is vital for safe, reliable and effective operations in the scenarios of the frontier applications mentioned above. This Special Section aims to report the recent advances on positioning and navigation in such challenging scenarios. Researchers and engineers are also encouraged to perform more research and development to make advances in this area.

The topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

We also highly recommend the submission of multimedia with each article as it significantly increases the visibility and downloads of articles.

Associate Editor:  Kegen Yu, China University of Mining and Technology, Mainland of China

Guest Editors:

Relevant IEEE Access Special Sections:

IEEE Access Editor-in-Chief:   Prof. Derek Abbott, University of Adelaide

Article submission: Contact Associate Editor and submit manuscript to:

 For inquiries regarding this Special Section, please contact: [email protected] .

Internet of Space: Networking Architectures and Protocols to Support Space-Based Internet Services

Submission Deadline:  31 January 2022

IEEE Access invites manuscript submissions in the area of Internet of Space: Networking Architectures and Protocols to Support Space-Based Internet Services.   

This Special Section is focused on the most recent scientific research and insights on the evolution of communication architectures and protocols for an Internet of Space, able to boost the creation of a truly global Internet by means of the integration of the current Internet with a new Internet of Space . Such evolution is expected to have a significant impact on several markets such as IoT/Industrial IoT, Mobile services, Industry 4.0, Government enterprise, and Connected mobility.

The section shall cover work focused on aspects such as how to support the operation of Tier-1, Tier-2 or even Tier-3 airborne/spaceborne networks; how to address interoperability, within and across different protocol layers in the network architecture, leveraging cross-layer design; and finally how to design a more unified next generation Internet architecture able to transparently include spaceborne and airborne platforms in a way that allows for user-centric services, and a smooth operation of transient networks.

However, an original and competent Internet of Space , calls for the definition of a networking framework able to accommodate specific properties of dynamic systems, including heterogeneous physical layers, frequent changes in network topology, high propagation delays, and intermittent connectivity. The dominant success factor for such a networking framework is low-cost bandwidth, although its capability to support low latency and high-throughput services plays an important role.

Secondly, a global Internet is only possible with a transparent integration of an Internet of Space with the current Internet, while supporting multi-tenants, multi-systems in different orbits and altitudes, as well as multiple markets. Such an integration requires rethinking the Internet architecture in order to extend its operation to all systems above the Earth’s surface, which requires the integration of heterogeneous communication devices and protocols. Such a unifying networking framework will have a truly global reach, allowing the connection between information producers and consumers in any corner of Earth and Space. Last but not least, the seamless integration of an Internet of Space with the current Internet will lead to a global empowerment, providing information access to everyone who may need it to sustain enriched human life, while mitigating some of the major limitations of a network infrastructure that is built on Earth’s surface, which is subjected not only to geographic limits but also to political limits.

From a technical perspective this Special Section is focused on the design and performance evaluation of networking architectures and protocols for the Internet of Space, as well as on a more unified design that best deals with the networking challenges to be faced. 

Associate Editor:  Rute C. Sofia, fortiss GmbH, Germany

 For inquiries regarding this Special Section, please contact: [email protected] .

Deep Learning for Internet of Things

Submission Deadline:  20 September 2021

IEEE Access invites manuscript submissions in the area of Deep Learning for Internet of Things.   

In recent years, the techniques of Internet of Things (IoT) and mobile communications have been developed to detect and collect human and environment information (e.g. geo-information, weather information, bio-information, human behaviors, etc.) for a variety of intelligent services and applications. The three layers in IoT are the sensor, networking, and application layers; several techniques and standards (e.g. oneM2M, Open Connectivity Foundation, etc.) have been proposed and established for these three layers. For the sensor and networking layers, the rise of mobile technology advancements (e.g. wireless sensor networks, LoRaWAN, Sigfox, narrow band-IoT, etc.) has led to a new wave of machine-to-machine (M2M), machine-to-human (M2H), human-to-human (H2H), and human-to-machine (H2M) communications. For the application layer, the IoT techniques in several applications, including energy, enterprise, healthcare, public services, residency, retail, and transportation, have been designed and implemented to detect environmental changes and send instant updates to a cloud computing server farm via mobile communications and middleware for big data analyses. One of the perfect examples is that the vehicle on-board units can instantly detect and share information about the vehicle geolocation, speed, following distance, as well as gaps with other neighboring vehicles. Big data can be collected by IoT techniques and then analyzed by deep learning techniques for a variety of applications and services.

Deep learning techniques, e.g. neural network (NN), convolutional neural network (CNN), recurrent neural network (RNN), long short-term memory (LSTM), etc ., have been popularly applied into image recognition and time-series inference for IoT applications. Advanced driver assistance systems and autonomous cars, for instance, have been developed based on machine learning and deep learning techniques, which perform forward collision warning, blind spot monitoring, lane departure warning, traffic sign recognition, traffic safety, infrastructure management and congestion, and so on. Autonomous cars can share their detected information, such as traffic signs, collision events, etc., with other cars via vehicular communication systems, e.g., dedicated short range communications (DSRC), vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs), long term evolution (LTE), and 5th generation mobile networks for cooperation. However, how to enhance the performance and efficiency of these deep learning techniques is one of the big challenges for implementing these real-time applications.

Furthermore, several optimization techniques, such as stochastic gradient descent algorithm (SGD), adaptive moment estimation algorithm (Adam), and Nesterov-accelerated Adaptive Moment Estimation (Nadam), have been proposed to support deep learning algorithms for faster solution searching; for example, the gradient descent method is a popular optimization technique to quickly seek the optimized weight sets and filters of CNN for image recognition. The IoT applications based on these image recognition techniques (autonomous cars, augmented reality navigation systems, etc.) have gained considerable attention, and the hybrid approaches typical of mathematics for engineering and computer science (deep learning and optimization techniques) can be investigated and developed to support a variety of IoT applications.

Associate Editor: Chi-Hua Chen, Fuzhou University, China

 For inquiries regarding this Special Section, please contact: [email protected] .

Metal Additive Manufacturing

Submission Deadline:  15 December 2021

IEEE Access invites manuscript submissions in the area of Metal Additive Manufacturing.   

Additive manufacturing (AM) is a main driver of the Industry 4.0 paradigm. While the additive manufacturing of plastics is common, metal additive manufacturing processes still face several research challenges. The high cost and unpredictable defects in final parts and products are preventing complete deployment and adoption of additive manufacturing in the metalworking industries. Several aspects need improvement, including robustness, stability, repeatability, speed and right-first-time manufacturing. Nevertheless, its potential to the production of structural parts is significant, from the medical to the aeronautics industry.

The industrialization of additive manufacturing requires holistic data management and integrated automation. End-to-end digital manufacturing solutions have been developed in the last few years, enabling a cybersecure bidirectional dataflow for a seamless integration across the entire AM chain. Novel manufacturing methodologies need to be developed to ensure the manufacturability, reliability and quality of a target metal component from initial product design, implementing a zero-defect manufacturing approach ensuring robustness, stability and repeatability of the process.

This Special Section in IEEE Access will bring together academia and industry to discuss technical challenges and recent results related to additive manufacturing. Theoretical, numerical and experimental development in this domain are welcome. The articles are expected to report original findings or innovative concepts featuring different topics related to metal additive manufacturing. Industry-related studies are welcome, especially the ones demonstrating advanced applications of metal additive manufacturing in challenging scenarios.

Associate Editor:   Pedro Neto, University of Coimbra, Portugal

 For inquiries regarding this Special Section, please contact: [email protected] .

Collaborative Intelligence for Internet of Vehicles

Submission Deadline:  01 September 2021

IEEE Access invites manuscript submissions in the area of Collaborative Intelligence for Internet of Vehicles.   

Internet of vehicles (IoV) technology is one of the most important breakthroughs that can significantly support mobility systems toward achieving smart and sustainable societies. For example, cooperative driving features enabled by IoV can significantly decrease the risk of traffic accidents and reduce CO2 emissions, thus facilitating smarter transportation. Aerial vehicles, also known as drones, are useful for many applications, including environment and traffic monitoring, crowd mobility and gathering surveillance in pandemics, disaster recovery, and so on. Internet of underwater vehicles could enable many innovative maritime applications such as autonomous shipping, target detection, navigation, localization, and environmental pollution control. However, the development of IoV systems is dependent on overcoming the following two main challenges.

First, due to the heterogeneity of networking entities, strict application and data processing requirements, and limited resources in IoV environments, more advanced networking and computing technologies are required. Future IoV systems feature a larger number of devices and multi-access environments where different types of wireless spectrums should be efficiently utilized. At the same time, novel services, such as cooperative autonomous driving, IoV-based safety and traffic efficiency applications are emerging, and demand unprecedented high accuracy and reliability, ultra-low latency, and large bandwidth. This poses crucial challenges to the efficient use of the limited networking and computing resources.

Recently, to further explore the value of big data from IoV systems, artificial intelligence (AI)-based approaches have been attracting great interest in empowering computer systems. Some collaborative learning approaches, such as federated learning and multi-agent systems, have been used to reduce network traffic and improve the learning efficiency of some smartphone applications. For IoV systems, collaborative intelligence can be achieved via an efficient collaboration among heterogeneous entities, including vehicles, edge servers, and the cloud.

Second, in order to enable a smarter society, more research should be conducted on developing collaborative IoV frameworks and systems to expedite the applications of emerging IoV technologies. An efficient use of cross-domain big data should be discussed, and academic-industrial collaborations should be promoted to solve the existing problems toward a smarter society.

This Special Section focuses on the technical challenges for enabling collaborative IoV systems, and the applications of IoV technologies for a smarter society.

Associate Editor:   Celimuge Wu, The University of Electro-Communications, Japan

 For inquiries regarding this Special Section, please contact: [email protected] .

Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface Aided Communications for 6G and Beyond

Submission Deadline:  31 August 2021

IEEE Access invites manuscript submissions in the area of Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface Aided Communications for 6G and Beyond.   

Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface (RIS) aided wireless communications is a hot research topic in academic and industry communities since it can enhance both the spectrum and energy efficiency of wireless systems by artificially reconfiguring the wireless propagation environment. RIS can configure tiny antenna elements or scatterers, which can be judiciously tuned to enhance signal power at desired users, such as primary users in cognitive radio networks, or suppress signal power at undesired users, such as eavesdroppers in physical layer security networks. The RIS also finds promising applications in dense urban areas or indoor scenarios, where electromagnetic waves are prone to be blocked by obstacles such as buildings and walls. There are numerous advantages associated with RIS. For instance, since RIS needs no analog-to-digital converters or radio frequency chains, it saves energy consumption to improve its sustainability, and reduces system cost. RIS can be fabricated in small size and light weight, which can be easily deployed on a building’s facade, walls, ceilings, street lamps, etc. Furthermore, since RIS is a complementary device, it can be readily integrated into current wireless networks (both cellular network and WIFI) without many standardization modifications. Due to these appealing advantages, RIS-aided wireless communications is envisioned to be a revolutionary technique, and one of the key technologies for the sixth-generation (6G) wireless networks.

To reap the full potential offered by RIS, a number of emerging challenges for the transceiver design of RIS-aided wireless communications needs to be tackled. The transceiver beamforming design requires advanced low complexity signal processing algorithms, the incorporation of RIS in wireless communications will consume more pilot resources for the RIS-related channel estimation, and the time slots left for data transmission will be reduced. It is imperative to justify the benefits of introducing RIS when taking into account additional pilot overhead. Furthermore, most of the existing contributions on transceiver design are based on perfect channel state information (CSI), which is challenging to achieve in RIS-aided communications. Hence, robust transmission design needs to be investigated. Finally, in practice, the RIS elements are designed with discrete shifts, which further pose new challenges for evaluating its performance.

This Special Section aims to summarize recent advancements in RIS-aided wireless communications and spur more efforts in this area to make it a reality. The scope of this Special Section covers a wide range of disciplines such as wireless communications, metamaterials, signal processing, and artificial intelligence. In this Special Section, we invite high-quality, original, technical and survey articles, which have not been published previously on RIS-related techniques and their applications in wireless communications.

Associate Editor:  Cunhua Pan, Queen Mary University of London, UK

 For inquiries regarding this Special Section, please contact: [email protected]

Optimal Operation of Active Buildings as an Energy System

Submission Deadline:  31 August 2021

IEEE Access invites manuscript submissions in the area of Optimal Operation of Active Buildings as an Energy System.   

The increasing share of buildings in the consumption of energy and carbon emission indicates that any solutions provided in this regard would have to consider the energy efficiency of the buildings, to obtain promising results. Active Buildings are viable solutions to this issue, in which intelligent integration of renewable-based energy technologies, heating, cooling, and transport systems would be able to make a multi-vector energy system.

Active Buildings can work in an isolated way as a self-sufficient energy system, or can interact with the other ABs in a district area and trade energy via the network. They have the potential of interacting with local as well as national level energy grids and, by behaving as zero or positive energy buildings, they are able to deliver various energy services to reduce the pressure on the upstream energy networks, and defer new investment requirements. As a result, the operation of Active Buildings is being developed as fundamental research and part of the future smart energy systems that call for a (re)thinking on the definition of the control, operation and optimization of the Active Buildings as an energy system.

This Special Section in IEEE Access  will target numerous prospects in the operation of active buildings as an energy system. Both review and research articles are welcome. Real-world use cases discussing new application areas and resulting new developments are especially welcome.

Associate Editor:   Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo, University of Tabriz, Iran

 For inquiries regarding this Special Section, please contact: [email protected] .

AI and IoT Convergence for Smart Health

Submission Deadline:  31 May 2021

IEEE Access invites manuscript submissions in the area of AI and IoT Convergence for Smart Health.   

With the development of smart sensorial media, things, and cloud technologies, “Smart healthcare” is getting remarkable attention from academia, government, industry, and  healthcare communities. Recently, the Internet of Things (IoT) has brought the vision of a smarter world into reality with a massive amount of data and numerous services. With the outbreak of COVID-19, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has gained significant attention by utilizing its machine learning algorithms for quality patient care. However, the convergence of IoT and AI can provide new opportunities for both technologies. AI-driven IoT can play a significant role in smart healthcare by offering better insight of healthcare data to support affordable personalized care. It can also support powerful processing and storage facilities of huge IoT data streams (big data) beyond the capability of individual “things,” as well as to provide automated decision making in real-time. While researchers have been making advances in the study of AI-and IoT for health services individually, very little attention has been given to developing cost-effective and affordable smart healthcare services. The AI-driven IoT (AIIoT) for smart healthcare has the potential to revolutionize many aspects of our healthcare industry; however, many technical challenges need to be addressed before this potential can be realized.

This Special Section is intended to report high-quality research on recent advances toward AI- and IoT convergence for smart healthcare, more specifically to the state-of-the-art approaches, methodologies, and systems for the design, development, deployment and innovative use of those convergence technologies to provide insight into smart healthcare service demands. Authors are solicited to submit complete articles, not previously published elsewhere, in the following topics. 

Associate Editor:  M. Shamim Hossain, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

 For inquiries regarding this Special Section, please contact: [email protected] .

Intelligent Big Data Analytics for Internet of Things, Services and People

Submission Deadline:  30 June 2021

IEEE Access invites manuscript submissions in the area of Intelligent Big Data Analytics for Internet of Things, Services and People.   

In the envisaged future internet, which consists of billions of digital devices, people, services and other physical objects, people will utilize these digital devices and physical objects to exchange data about themselves and their perceived surrounding environments over a web-based service infrastructure, in what we refer to as the Internet of Things. Because of its openness, multi-source heterogeneity, and ubiquity, interconnecting things, services and people via the internet improves data analysis, boosts productivity, enhances reliability, saves energy and costs, and generates new revenue opportunities through innovative business models. However, the increasing number of IoT users and services leads to fast-growing IoT data, while the quality of service of IoT should also be maintained regardless of the number of IoT users and services. Therefore, the data transmission and processing in IoT should be performed in a more intelligent manner. A large number of computational intelligent technologies such as artificial neural networks, machine learning and data mining can be applied in IoT to improve the IoT data transmission and processing. The adoption of intelligence technologies and big data in handling IoT could offer a number of advantages as big data technology could handle various data effectively, while artificial intelligence technology could further facilitate capturing and structuring the big data.

This Special Section in IEEE Access will focus on intelligent big data analytics for advancing IoT. Novel applications by the integration of big data and artificial intelligence for IoT are particularly welcome.

  Associate Editor: Zhaoqing Pan, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, China

  Guest Editors:

 For inquiries regarding this Special Section, please contact: [email protected] .

Deep Learning Technologies for Internet of Video Things

Submission Deadline:  31 March 2021

IEEE Access invites manuscript submissions in the area of Deep Learning Technologies for Internet of Video Things.   

The past decade has witnessed tremendous advances in Internet of Things (IoT) technologies, protocols, and applications. The goal of IoT is to connect every physical device/sensor (with video, audio, texting capabilities) in a seamless network to allow communication and perform intelligent decisions. Among these, video data devices (things) in IoT are increasingly becoming important since video communications are an essential part of everyone’s experiences and everything that is happening around the world. The technologies of Internet of Video Things (IoVT) are widely expected to bring exciting services and applications for security, healthcare, education, transportation, and so on.

Due to the huge amount of video data that is being generated and consumed nowadays, there are many challenges and problems that are yet to be solved to have practical real-world applications of IoVT, from sensing/capturing to displaying the data. First, efficient video sensing technologies are required to capture high quality videos with low-power. Second, video coding and communication technologies are essential for compressing and transmitting enormous volumes of data. Third, since not all transmitted data are useful for (or targets) human consumption, there are huge challenges in the areas of data learning/understanding to filter and extract high-level information. Finally, video quality enhancement and assessment algorithms are indispensable for improving and evaluating the video quality, respectively.

Recently, data-driven algorithms such as deep neural networks have attracted a lot of attention and have become a popular area of research and development. This interest is driven by several factors, such as recent advances in processing power (cheap and powerful hardware), the availability of large data sets (big data) and several small but important algorithmic advances (e.g., convolutional layers). Nowadays, deep neural networks are the state-of-the-art for several computer vision tasks, such as the ones that require high level understanding of image semantics, e.g. image classification, object segmentation, saliency detection, but also in low level image processing tasks, such as image denoising, inpainting, super-resolution, among others. Deep learning can handle large volumes of video data by making use of its powerful non-linear mapping, and extracting high-level features with very deep networks. Incorporating deep learning into IoVT can provide radical innovations in video sensing, coding, enhancing, understanding, and evaluation areas, to better handle the enormous growth in video data compared to traditional methods. On the other hand, incorporating deep learning into IoVT also brings a lot of challenges such as the long training latency of data training and huge computational cost.

This Special Section in IEEE Access provides a perfect platform for researchers from academia and industry to discuss the prospective developments and innovative ideas in applying deep learning technologies for IoVT.

  Associate Editor:  Jinjia Zhou, Hosei University, Japan

  IEEE Access Editor-in-Chief:   Prof. Derek Abbott, University of Adelaide

 Article submission: Contact Associate Editor and submit manuscript to:

 For inquiries regarding this Special Section, please contact: [email protected] .

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These rules apply to the “2023 IEEE Access Best Video Award Part 1″ (the “Award”).

Entrant must submit a video with an article submission to IEEE Access . The video submission must clearly be relevant to the submitted manuscript.  Only videos that accompany an article that is accepted for publication in IEEE Access will qualify.  The video may be simulations, demonstrations, or interviews with other experts, for example.  Your video file should not exceed 100 MB.

Entrants can enter the Award during Promotional Period through the following method:

Entrants who have already submitted a manuscript to IEEE Access without a video can still submit a video for inclusion in this Award so long as the video is submitted within 7 days of the article submission date.  The video can be submitted via email to the article administrator.  All videos must undergo peer review and be accepted along with the article submission.  Videos may not be submitted after an article has already been accepted for publication. 

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IEEE BigData 2016

IEEE BigData 2021 Now Taking Place Virtually

IEEE Big Data 2021 Accepted Papers

Main conference, regular papers, short papers, industrial track regular papers, industrial track short papers.

Accepted Papers

MAY 24-27, 2021

42nd IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy

Sponsored by the IEEE Computer Society Technical Committee on Security and Privacy in cooperation with the International Association for Cryptologic Research

   Registration and Access

Conference Paper Abstracts due Friday November 4!

Only papers with an abstract submitted by the deadline will be reviewed.

Submission Instructions

Research Papers Requirements Engineering 2021

Accepted papers, formatting instructions, call for papers, program display configuration, wed 22 sep displayed time zone: eastern time (us & canada) change, thu 23 sep displayed time zone: eastern time (us & canada) change, fri 24 sep displayed time zone: eastern time (us & canada) change, categories for research papers:.

The RE’21 Research Track invites original submissions of research papers in three categories: Technical Solution, Scientific Evaluation, Perspective.

The authors of accepted papers will have the opportunity to increase the visibility of their artifacts (software and data) and to obtain an artifact badge. Upon acceptance, the authors can submit their artifacts, which will be evaluated by a committee that determines their sustained availability and reusability.

Instructions for the Double-Blind Review Process

Important policy announcements.

Papers submitted to RE 2021 must be original, and will be reviewed under the assumption that they do not contain plagiarized material, have not been published nor submitted for review elsewhere while under consideration for RE 2021.

RE 2021 follows the IEEE policies for cases of double submission and plagiarism

The format of your paper must strictly adhere to the IEEEtran Proceedings Format.

LaTeX users: please use the LaTeX class file IEEEtran v1.8 and the following configuration (without option ‘compsoc’ or ‘compsocconf’):


Please make sure that your submission

Ana Moreira

Ana Moreira

Nova university of lisbon and nova lincs.

Kurt Schneider

Kurt Schneider

Leibniz universität hannover, software engineering group.

Dalal Alrajeh

Dalal Alrajeh

Imperial college london, united kingdom.

Daniel Amyot

Daniel Amyot

University of ottawa.

Dan Berry

University of Waterloo

Kelly Blincoe

Kelly Blincoe

University of auckland, new zealand.

Travis Breaux

Travis Breaux

Carnegie mellon university, united states.

Lionel Briand

Lionel Briand

University of luxembourg; university of ottawa.

Betty H.C. Cheng

Betty H.C. Cheng

Michigan state university.

Benoit Combemale

Benoit Combemale

University of rennes 1, france.

Maya Daneva

Maya Daneva

University of twente, netherlands.

Joerg Doerr

Joerg Doerr

Fraunhofer iese.

Michael Felderer

Michael Felderer

University of innsbruck.

Alessio Ferrari

Alessio Ferrari

Xavier Franch

Xavier Franch

Universitat politècnica de catalunya.

Samuel Fricker

Samuel Fricker

Fhnw & bth, switzerland.

Vincenzo Gervasi

Vincenzo Gervasi

University of pisa.

Martin Glinz

Martin Glinz

University of zurich.

Miguel Goulao

Miguel Goulao

Nova-lincs, fct/unl.

Alicia M. Grubb

Alicia M. Grubb

Smith college.

John Grundy

John Grundy

Monash university.

Jane Hayes

University of Kentucky

Jennifer Horkoff

Jennifer Horkoff

Chalmers and the university of gothenburg.

Emilio Insfran

Emilio Insfran

Universitat politècnica de valència, spain.

Zhi Jin

Peking University

Marjo Kauppinen

Marjo Kauppinen

Aalto university.

Fitsum Kifetew

Fitsum Kifetew

Fondazione bruno kessler.

Eric Knauss

Eric Knauss

Chalmers | university of gothenburg.

Seok-Won Lee

Seok-Won Lee

Ajou university, south korea.

Julio Cesar Leite

Julio Cesar Leite

Emmanuel Letier

Emmanuel Letier

University college london.

Daniel Mendez

Daniel Mendez

Blekinge institute of technology.

Pradeep K. Murukannaiah

Pradeep K. Murukannaiah

Gunter Mussbacher

Gunter Mussbacher

Mcgill university, canada.


John Mylopoulos

Barbara Paech

Barbara Paech

University of heidelberg, germany.

Birgit Penzenstadler

Birgit Penzenstadler

Peter Sawyer

Peter Sawyer

Aston university.

Norbert Seyff

Norbert Seyff

Fhnw & university of zurich.

Isabel Sofia Sousa Brito

Isabel Sofia Sousa Brito

Instituto politécnico de beja.

Paola Spoletini

Paola Spoletini

Kennesaw state university.

Colin C. Venter

Colin C. Venter

University of huddersfield.

Andreas Vogelsang

Andreas Vogelsang

University of cologne.

Stefan Wagner

Stefan Wagner

University of stuttgart.

Jon Whittle

Jon Whittle

Csiro's data61 and monash university.

Yijun Yu

The Open University, UK

VIS 2021 is going virtual!

the premier forum for advances in visualization and visual analytics

The Best Paper awards for full papers and short papers have been announced.

The Test of Time awards for Infovis, VAST, and SciVis have been announced.

The tentative schedule for paper presentations has been released.

Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, VIS 2022 will be held in Oklahoma City, OK, and the Melbourne, Australia event will be postponed until 2023.

Register by Sep. 10 to vote in the VIS 2021 elections! Eligible voters are active members of the VIS community, who have participated in 3 out of the 5 most recent VIS conferences (upcoming 2021 included).

Join us by participating in one of our worldwide, in-person satellite events.

Welcome to IEEE VIS 2021!

VIS 2021 will be the year’s premier forum for advances in theory, methods, and applications of visualization and visual analytics. The conference will convene an international community of researchers and practitioners from universities, government, and industry to exchange recent findings on the design and use of visualization tools.

We invite you to share your research, insights, and enthusiasm at IEEE VIS. The 2021 program will also feature a diverse range of symposia and co-located events, including Visualization in Practice, Visualization in Data Science, the VIS Arts Program, and data analysis Challenge competitions, as well as an Application Spotlights track.

VIS 2021 General Chairs Brian Summa, Tulane University Luis Gustavo Nonato, Universidade de Sao Paulo

Follow @ieeevis on Twitter , the IEEE VIS page on Facebook , or sign up to our mailing list to keep up with conference activities and announcements.

Questions? E-mail info(at)


Full week, one day, two day, and keynote + capstone registrations are still available.

VIS 2020 is taking place in Salt Lake City. Find out how to get here.

This year's full program is now available as an app and here on this website.

Data Visualization Practitioners

Learn which sessions may be particularly interesting to visualization practitioners

IEEE VIS is made possible by our supporters.

Our generous supporters help to fund our diversity and inclusion scholarship, childcare grants and more. Participate in IEEE VIS by supporting and exhibiting at the conference.

Diversity/Inclusivity Scholarships

Explore the most recent advances in visualization

Get hands on with tutorials and workshops

Join our creative, capable visualization community

Share your work and research findings


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